Artikeln kombinerar litteraturteoretiska, empiriska, och neurovetenskapliga perspektiv. Syftet är att visa hur dessa tre perspektiv belyser varandra och att peka ut områden för vidare empirisk forskning. Artikeln inleder en specialutgåva av tidskriften Scientific Study of Literature tillägnad just empiriska studier av läsares empati.

Artikelns abstract

The objective of this article is to review extant empirical studies of empathy in narrative reading in light of (a) contemporary literary theory, and (b) neuroscientific studies of empathy, and to discuss how a closer interplay between neuroscience and literary studies may enhance our understanding of empathy in narrative reading. An introduction to some of the philosophical roots of empathy is followed by tracing its application in contemporary literary theory, in which scholars have pursued empathy with varying degrees of conceptual precision, often within the context of embodied/enactive cognition. The presentation of empirical literary studies of empathy is subsequently contextualized by an overview of psychological and neuroscientific aspects of empathy.

Highlighting points of convergence and divergence, the discussion illustrates how findings of empirical literary studies align with recent neuroscientific research. The article concludes with some prospects for future empirical research, suggesting that digitization may contribute to advancing the scientific knowledge of empathy in narrative reading.