Profiles

Sunnee Billingsley

Sunnee Billingsley

Biträdande universitetslektor

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Arbetar vid Sociologiska institutionen
E-post sunnee.billingsley@sociology.su.se
Besöksadress Universitetsvägen 10 B, plan 9
Rum B 866
Postadress Sociologiska institutionen, Demografiska avdelningen 106 91 Stockholm

Om mig

Please see English webpage for profile and publications. 

Publikationer

I urval från Stockholms universitets publikationsdatabas
  • 2017. Nicholas Kofi Adjei, Sunnee Billingsley. Population 36 (2), 251-271

    Due to the high population growth rate in the mid-20th century, the government of Ghana introduced population policies to reduce the growth rate. Encouraging girls' education and increasing contraceptive use were the two main policy measures to reduce population growth. In order to get a clear picture of the childbearing dynamics of Ghanaian women in response to the population policy of 1994, we analyzed individual reproductive histories from 1969 to 2003 using 2003 Ghana Demographic Health survey data to disentangle patterns by parity, calendar period, and educational groups. Exponential hazard regression models were used to estimate the relative risk of births. We find some evidence of a critical juncture in fertility trends, particularly for the fifth child. In addition, higher parity transition rates continuously declined for women with secondary or higher education and these educational levels were achieved by a higher share of the population after the policy was implemented. The 1994 population policy was successful if only by virtue of the increasing number of women with secondary or higher education. Belonging to this group is not only associated with lower fertility, but this suppressing effect strengthened in the years following the policy implementation. We also suspect that the increasing similarity between women with no education and with primary education reflects the diffusion of contraceptive knowledge and norms related to childbearing. The educational reform and contraceptive initiatives did result in increased education and contraceptive awareness and are therefore beneficial programs.

  • 2017. Sunnee Billingsley, Aija Duntava. Post-Soviet Affairs 33 (5), 389-410

    Demographic change has been a key consequence of transition, but few studies trace fertility trends across countries over time. We describe fertility trends immediately before and after the fall of state socialism across 19 Central and Eastern European and Central Asian countries. We found a few common patterns that may reflect economic and political developments. The countries that experienced the most successful transitions and integration into the EU experienced marked postponement of parenthood and a moderate decline in second and third births. Little economic change in the poorest transition countries was accompanied by less dramatic changes in childbearing behavior. In western post-Soviet contexts, and somewhat in Bulgaria and Romania, women became more likely to only have one child but parenthood was not substantially postponed. This unique demographic pattern seems to reflect an unwavering commitment to parenthood but economic conditions and opportunities that did not support having more than one child. In addition, we identify countries that would provide fruitful case studies because they do not fit general patterns.

  • 2014. Sunnee Billingsley, Tommy Ferrarini. Journal of Marriage and Family 76 (2), 428-445

    European countries show substantial variation in family policy and in the extent to which policies support more traditional male-breadwinner or more gender egalitarian earner-carer family arrangements. Using data from the European Social Survey, the authors implemented multilevel models to analyze variation in fertility intentions of 16,000 men and women according to individual-level characteristics and family policy across 21 European countries. Both traditional and earner-carer family support generosity were positively related to first-birth intentions for men and women. In contrast, only earner-carer support maintains its positive relationship with second birth intentions. Family policy is not in general related to third and higher order parity intentions.

  • 2012. Sunnee Billingsley. Social Science and Medicine 75 (12), 2326-2336

    This study uses the Russian Longitudinal Monitoring Survey to explore the relationship betweenmortality of men age 65 or younger and intragenerational mobility, measured objectively throughhousehold income and subjectively through social ranking. This relationship is considered in light of thesocial selection and social causation mechanisms developed in the literature as well as a proposedmechanism in which mobility itself is a consequential life event. The analysis spans the years 1994e2010,which covers the transitional period in Russia characterized by labor market restructuring and economiccrisis as well as a later period of economic growth and recovery. Using Cox proportional hazard models,immediate and longer-term associations between mobility and mortality are estimated. Both subjectiveand objective downward mobility had an immediate positive association with mortality risk (increasedby 44% and 24%, respectively). In contrast, upward mobility had a more pronounced effect over a longertermhorizon and lowered mortality risk by 17%. Controlling for destination status attenuated someassociations, but findings were robust to the adjustment of selection-related factors such as alcoholconsumption and health status in the year preceding mobility. Findings suggest that the negative relationshipbetween upward mobility and mortality may be driven by social causation, whereas downwardmobility may have an independent effect beyond selection or causation.

  • 2011. Sunnee Billingsley. European Journal of Population 27 (2), 125-155

    Little is known about fertility in Armenia and Moldova, the two countries that have both, according to national statistics, experienced very low levels of fertility during the dramatic economic, social and political restructuring in the last two decades. This article fills this gap and explores recent fertility behaviour and current fertility preferences using 2005 Demographic and Health Survey data. Educational differences in fertility decline and the association between socioeconomic indicators and fertility preferences are considered from an economic perspective. Special emphasis is given to determining whether and how diverging economic conditions in the two countries as well as crisis conditions may have influenced fertility. Second parity progression ratios (PPR) reveal a positive relationship between the degree of decline from 1990 to 2005 and education, whereas third PPR declines appear the greatest for women with both the lowest and highest education. In both countries, logistic regression results suggest that working women are more likely to want a second child, as well as want the child sooner university than later in Armenia, and the wealthiest women in Armenia have a higher odds of wanting a third child. Dual-jobless couples are less likely to want a second child in Moldova and more likely to postpone the next child in Armenia. These findings offer some insight into the shifts in fertility behaviour in these two post-Soviet countries and suggest that despite diverging economic trajectories and a lessening commitment to the two-child norm in Moldova, determinants of fertility behaviour and preferences have remained similar in both countries.

  • 2011. Sunnee Billingsley. Population, Space and Place 17 (3), 267-289

    This study engages with the debate over the mortality crises in the former Soviet Union and Central and Eastern Europe by (i) considering at length and as complementary to each other the two most prominent explanations for the post-communist mortality crisis, stress and alcohol consumption and by (ii) emphasising the importance of context by exploiting systematic similarities and differences across the region. Differential mortality trajectories reveal three country groups that cluster both spatially and in terms of economic transition experiences. The first group includes countries in the farthest west in which mortality rates increased minimally after the transition began. The second group experienced a severe increase in mortality rates in the early 1990s but recovered previous levels within a few years. These countries are located peripherally to Russia and its nearest neighbours. The final group consists of countries that experienced two mortality increases or in which mortality levels had not recovered to pre-transition levels well into the 21st century. Cross-sectional time-series analyses of age-specific and cause-specific death rates for men and women reveal that the clustering of these countries and their mortality trajectories can be partially explained by the economic context, which is argued to be linked to stress and alcohol consumption. Above and beyond many basic differences in the country groups that are held constant - including geographically and historically shared cultural, lifestyle, and social characteristics - poor economic conditions account for a remarkably consistent share of excess age-specific and cause-specific deaths.

  • 2014. Sunnee Billingsley, Allan Puur, Luule Sakkeus. Demographic Research 30, 1733-1768

    BACKGROUND Entering employment and achieving a stable position in the labour market are considered important preconditions for childbearing. Existing studies addressing the relationship between work experience and the timing of parenthood focus exclusively on Western Europe and North America. By adding an Eastern European context before and after societal transformation, this study contributes to a more comprehensive account of the role of work experience in first-birth timing in Europe. OBJECTIVE We investigate how work experience and career development are related to the timing of parenthood in two diverse contexts in Estonia, state socialism and the market economy, and how it varies by gender and nativity. METHOD The data used come from the Estonian Health Interview Survey 2006-2007. We estimate piecewise constant event history models to analyse the transition to first birth. RESULTS Our results suggest that in the market economy work experience became more important in the decision to enter parenthood. In the market economy the importance of work experience to entering parenthood became more similar for women and men. Non-native-origin men and women's timing of parenthood appears to have become detached from their career developments. The article discusses mechanisms that may underlie the observed patterns. CONCLUSIONS Our study shows how work experience gained importance as a precondition for parenthood in the transition to a market economy. This lends support to the view that the increasing importance of work experience is among plausible drivers of the postponement transition that extended to Eastern Europe in the 1990s.

Visa alla publikationer av Sunnee Billingsley vid Stockholms universitet

Senast uppdaterad: 4 oktober 2017

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