Large accumulations of blue-green algae, which benefit from ocean warming and are brought to the coast by wind-driven and turbulent currents, are not only inconvenient features for recreational plans along the Baltic coast in the summer. They consume oxygen during decomposition, can be toxic to humans and animals and also affect water quality. In a new interdisciplinary project, researchers will investigate the connection between physical and biological processes that affect algal blooms and develop tools that can predict how they change in a warmer climate.
Stockholm University scientists Ilona Riipinen, Department of Environmental Science, and Annica Ekman, Department of Meteorology (MISU), created the FORCeS project, a collaborative project across Europe on the role of aerosol forcing of the climate.
Airborne microplastics may have a minor cooling effect on the climate by reflecting solar radiation, according to a modelling study of the direct global climate effects of airborne microplastics, published in Nature. However, as plastic continues to accumulate in the Earth’s environment, a stronger climate effect could be exerted in the future.
Robert “Bob” Charlson from Seattle, honorary doctor at Stockholm University (1993), has passed away at 84 years of age. He was a world leading scientist within atmospheric aerosol science who has greatly affected the research primarily at the Department of Meteorology (MISU) and at ITM/ACES. He held King Carl XVI Gustaf’s professorship in environmental science at the Swedish Research Council during the academic year 1999-2000, with placement at SU.
The Royal Swedish Academy of Sciences has awarded the Nobel Prize in Physics 2021 to Syukuro Manabe, USA, Klaus Hasselmann, Germany and Giorgio Parisi, Italy “for groundbreaking contributions to our understanding of complex physical systems”.