Cross-Strait relations are the relations between the Republic of China and the People's Republic of China, which are separated by the Taiwan Strait in the west Pacific Ocean:

In 1949, with the Civil War turning decisively in favor of the Communist Party of China (CPC), the Republic of China (ROC) government retreated to Taiwan and established the provisional capital in Taipei, while the CPC proclaimed the People's Republic of China (PRC) government in Beijing.

Since then, the relations between the governments in Beijing and Taipei have been characterized by limited contact, tensions, and instability. Following the “End Ban on Travel to Mainland China” from Taiwan side in 1987, the two governments began to contact, and then set up "white gloves" agencies for both sides in 1991.

From then on, non-governmental and semi-governmental exchanges between the two sides have been increasing. From 2008, negotiations began to restore the "three links" (transportation, commerce, and communications) between the two sides. Party-to-party talks between the CPC and the KMT have resumed and semi-official negotiations through organizations representing the interests of their respective governments are being scheduled, especially during the Ma Ying-jeou Administration (2008-2016)

However, after President Tsai took office in May 20, 2016, Beijing engaged in decreasing mainland Chinese tourists and trade to put pressure on the new Administration.

Daniel T. C. Liao is Representative of the Taipei Mission in Sweden.