PhD student Julia Muchowski Academic dissertation

Thesis defence

Date: Wednesday 5 April 2023

Time: 15.00 – 17.00

Location: William Olsson, Geoscience building and on Zoom

Uncovering Ocean Mixing near Rough Bathymetry: Using Broadband Acoustics

Ocean mixing related to rough bathymetry is highly dynamic and exhibits large spatial and temporal variability. Therefore, established in-situ methods as well as numerical models often lack the resolution to capture this type of mixing. In this thesis, acoustics are used to observe, map and quantify stratified mixing at unprecedented resolution. Acoustic broadband data from a Simrad EK80 and co-located microstructure data from a Sea & Sun Technology MicroStructure profiler (MSS) were collected during two cruises on R/V Electra in Feb-March 2019 and 2020 in the Southern Quark region in the northern Åland Sea, Baltic Sea. In the first manuscript (M1), an existing acoustic model to quantify turbulent mixing from acoustic backscatter is revisited and applied to the co-located data sets. Possibilities and limitations of applying the acoustic model are investigated in detail. In a following case study (M2), the acoustic model is applied to a subset of the data where rough bathymetry reaches into stratified flow and highly increases mixing across the halocline. The dominant mixing mechanism is revealed to be wake vortices and their impact is estimated using a diffusion model. The final case study (M3) emphasizes the impact of mixing in the Southern Quark on exchange processes between the distinctly different Northern Baltic Proper and the Bothnian Sea. The acoustic observations uncover the detailed structure (M1-M3) and temporal development (M3) of turbulent diapycnal mixing in heterogeneous flow over rough bathymetry. This thesis is a step towards increased applicability and automatized analysis of acoustic broadband data for identifying and quantifying turbulent diapycnal mixing.

ocean mixing, diapycnal mixing, broadband acoustics, turbulence microstructure, rough bathymetry, stratified flow over obstacles, observations of turbulent mixing, Baltic Sea research

Zoom link:
Topic: Julia Muchowski PhD Defence Time: Apr 5, 2023 02:45 PM Amsterdam, Berlin, Rome, Stockholm, Vienna
Meeting ID: 637 2550 9905
Passcode: 724828

Link to DiVA

Christian Stranne, Associate professor Stockholm University, Faculty of Science, Department of Geological Sciences.
Martin, Professor Stockholm University, Faculty of Science, Department of Geological Sciences.
Lars Umlauf, Docent Leibniz-Institute for Baltic Sea Research, Warnemünde, Germany.
Lars Arneborg, PhD, Department of Research and Development, Swedish Meteorological and Hydrological Institute, Gothenburg, Sweden.

Fer Ilker, Professor, Geophysical Institute, Bjerknes Centre for Climate Resarch, University of Bergen, Norway