Profiles

cadell

Adrian Hall

Forskare

Visa sidan på svenska
Works at Department of Physical Geography
Email adrian.hall@natgeo.su.se
Visiting address Svante Arrhenius väg 8
Postal address Inst för naturgeografi 106 91 Stockholm

About me

 Adjunct Professor of Geomorphology

Department of Physical Geography
Stockholm University

Phone:
Email: adrian.hall @ natgeo.su.se
 

 

Research

Rates and patterns of change in glacial landscapes 

East to west gradient in glacial erosion along the north coast of the Kola Peninsula from E Kola to Varanger

East to west gradient in glacial erosion along the north coast of the Kola Peninsula from E Kola to Varanger
 

Glacial erosion of the sub-Cambrian Peneplain in Sweden

​We have a contract from SKB, the body responsible for the safe disposal of nuclear waste in Sweden, to provide improved estimates of past and future glacial erosion depths. Working with Karin Ebert, Brad Goodfellow, Clas Hattestrand and Arjen Stroeven of SU and Jakob Heyman of GU, we are examining 4 strands: i. the use of the SCP as a datum for glacial erosion of the basement, ii. glacial bedforms as indicators of glacial erosion patterns and depths, iii. the role of fracturing in guiding glacial erosion and iv. cosmogenic nuclide inventories (10Be, 26Al and 21Ne) are indicators of long term exposure history and erosion rates. This work is due to be completed early in 2019.

Recent collaborations outside Sweden have examined the selective linear erosion of the Cairngorms, with its world-class granite tor fields, using cosmogenic isotope and relative dating evidence, and the impact of glaciation on Neogene landscapes at the limits of Pleistocene glaciation in Poland, on granite landscapes in Ireland and Scotland, on gneiss terrain on Lewis, Scotland and on inselbergs in northern Sweden.

The extent and behaviour of the last ice sheet in Scotland 

Foula, western Shetland, covered by the Shetland ice cap in the last glaciation
Foula, western Shetland, covered by the Shetland ice cap in the last glaciation
 

With Bill Phillips and Colin Ballantyne, we completed a NERC-funded project to provide cosmogenic exposure ages for large glacial erratics in Orkney, Caithness and Buchan and effectively ended the controversy over the extent of the last ice sheet in these areas. Work continues on revising the regional glacial stratigraphy of Buchan, Caithness and Orkney, and to assess whether or not the Fennoscandian ice sheet crossed the Northern Isles. A joint approach with Jim Riding of BGS is to be use the pollen and spore content of glacial tills to establish long distance ice flow paths. We are now applying that technique to the last glaciation of the Outer Hebrides.

Extreme waves and the evolution of coastal cliffs

"Stenness, Eshaness, Shetland. These isles are exposed continually to the uncontrolled violence of the Atlantic, for no land intervenes between their western shores and America. The prevalence, therefore, of strong westerly gales, causes the waves to be sometimes driven with irresistible force upon the coast, while there is also a current setting from the north. The spray of the sea aids the decomposition of the rocks, and prepares them to be breached by the mechanical force of the waves. Steep cliffs are hollowed out into deep caves and lofty arches; and almost every promontory ends in a cluster of rocks, imitating the forms of columns, pinnacles, and obelisks. Modern observations show that the reduction of continuous tracts to such insular masses is a process in which Nature is still actively engaged." Charles Lyell (1835) Principles of Geology
"Stenness, Eshaness, Shetland. These isles are exposed continually to the uncontrolled violence of the Atlantic, for no land intervenes between their western shores and America. The prevalence, therefore, of strong westerly gales, causes the waves to be sometimes driven with irresistible force upon the coast, while there is also a current setting from the north. The spray of the sea aids the decomposition of the rocks, and prepares them to be breached by the mechanical force of the waves. Steep cliffs are hollowed out into deep caves and lofty arches; and almost every promontory ends in a cluster of rocks, imitating the forms of columns, pinnacles, and obelisks. Modern observations show that the reduction of continuous tracts to such insular masses is a process in which Nature is still actively engaged." Charles Lyell (1835) Principles of Geology


With Jim Hansom and Jack Jarvis, I have used observational data after recent major storms on Shetland and other exposed Atlantic coasts, in combination with mathematical and wave tank modelling to examine the changing cliff morphology. The work has received wide attention and demonstrated that storm waves on deep water coasts can reach as high as 50 m a.s.l. on cliffs. Recent work has focused on using boulder size as a proxy for estimating storm wave current velocities on shore platforms. A new thread is to model the impact of storm waves on the amazing sea caves on Shetland.

Long term rates and processes of shore platform erosion

Galson, Lewis. Raised rock platform overlain by beach gravels and Late Devensian till.
Galson, Lewis. Raised rock platform overlain by beach gravels and Late Devensian till.
 

Scotland is an excellent location in which to study how rapidly shore platforms are lowered through erosion because its shorelines provide examples of mixed rock types subject to variable wave energy and different rates of isostatic uplift. Most estimates of erosion rates come from short-term studies, but this new work promises to provide down-wearing rates over periods of 1-6 ka. Future work will examine inheritance of bedrock forms on coasts in Scotland, comparing field evidence to the duration of shoreline occupancy inferred from models of local sea level change.

Development of shield landscapes in northern Fennoscandia 

Aitik mine, Gällivare. Till cover on low relief shield surface
Aitik mine, Gällivare. Till cover on low relief shield surface
 

The ice divide zone in northern Sweden and northern Finland offers many opportunities to study the variable impact of glacial erosion, long-term development of shield landscapes and the significance and age of deep weathering episodes. Working mainly with Karin Ebert at SU, recent summer field seasons have involved investigation of the impact of glacial erosion on inselbergs, the pre-glacial development of inselbergs and palaeosurfaces and the characteristics, isotope geochemistry and age of weathering remnants, including kaolins, saprolites and weathered ore bodies. This work has great promise for improving our understanding of the development of landforms on the shield areas of the Northern Hemisphere. New work with Pertti Sarala of GTK explores how till geochemistry links to glacial erosion and transport.

Tectonic geomorphology of glaciated passive margins and back-arc extension zones

The Gerolimenas fault scarp. Late Holocene fault scar is visible as white line in centre-right part of photo.
The Gerolimenas fault scarp. Late Holocene fault scar is visible as white line in centre-right part of photo.
 

Recently, the research focus has widened to consider the morphological development of glaciated passive margins. One question explored was where the thick Pleistocene sediments on the Norwegian outer shelf were eroded from. New work with colleagues at SU looks at glacial erosion and the tectonic and denudation history of the Kola Peninsula in NW Russia. With Johan Kleman, we have challenged the applicability of the glacial buzzsaw hypothesis to glaciated passive margins. The INK research facility in the Peloponnese provides exciting possibilities to explore landform inheritance in terrain with rapid tectonic movements.

Publications

2018

Hall A M, Connell E R, Merrit J, Hubbard A, 2018. Early and Middle Pleistocene environments, landforms and sediments in Scotland. Transactions of the Royal Society of Edinburgh: Earth Sciences. doi:https://doi.org/10.1017/S1755691018000713

Hall A M, Goodfellow B W, Heyman J, Moon S, Caffee M, Ebert K, Hättestrand C, Krabbendam M, Martel S J, Näslund J O, Perron T, Stuart F M, Stroeven A P, 2018. Glacial erosion of the Sub-Cambrian Peneplain in Sweden. Geophysical Research Abstracts. Volume 20

Heyman J, Goodfellow B W, Caffee M, Hall A M, Hättestrand C, Ebert K, Näslund J O, Stroeven A, 2018. Glacial erosion of Forsmark, east-central Sweden, based on bedrock 10Be and 26Al. 2018.

Smith D E, Barlow N, Bradley S, Firth C, Hall A M, Jordan J, Long D, 2018. Quaternary sea level change in Scotland. Earth and Environmental Science Transactions of the Royal Society of Edinburgh. p. 1-38. doi:10.1017/S1755691017000469

2017

Hall A M, 2017. Landscape evolution. In Merritt J, Auton C A, Phillips E R (eds). The Quaternary around Nairn and the Inverness Firth: Field Guide. London: Quaternary Research Association., 13-17. ISBN: 0907780857.

Merritt J W, Connell E R, Hall A M, 2017. Middle to Late Devensian glaciation of north-east Scotland: implications for the north-eastern quadrant of the last British-Irish ice sheet. Journal of Quaternary Science. Volume 32, issue 2, p. 276-294. doi:10.1002/jqs.2878

Moon S, Goodfellow B W, Perron J T, Martel S J, Caffee M W, Ebert K, Hall A, Hättestrand C, Heyman J, Mas Ivars D, Näslund J-O, Stroeven A, 2017. Interaction of strong compressive stresses with topography: Implications for bedrock fractures in Forsmark, Sweden. Geological Society of America Abstracts with Programs. Volume 49, issue 6. doi:10.1130/abs/2017AM-300641

Patton H, Hubbard A, Andreassen K, Auriac A, Whitehouse P L, Stroeven A P, Shackleton C, Winsborrow M, Heyman J, Hall A M, 2017. Deglaciation of the Eurasian ice sheet complex. Quaternary Science Reviews. Volume 169, p. 148-172. doi:https://doi.org/10.1016/j.quascirev.2017.05.019

2016

Hall A M, Binnie S A, Sugden D, Dunai T J, Wood C, 2016. Late readvance and rapid final deglaciation of the last ice sheet in the Grampian Mountains, Scotland. Journal of Quaternary Science. Volume 31, issue 8, p. 869-878

Hall A M, Gillespie M, 2016. Fracture control on valley persistence: the Cairngorm Granite pluton, Scotland. International Journal of Earth Sciences. doi:10.1007/s00531-016-1423-z

Kleman J, Borgström I, Skelton A, Hall A, 2016. Landscape evolution and landform inheritance in tectonically active regions: The case of the Southwestern Peloponnese, Greece. Zeitschrift für Geomorphologie. Volume 60, issue 2, p. 171-193. doi:10.1127/zfg/2016/0283

Hall A M, Riding J, 2016. The last glaciation in Caithness, Scotland: revised till stratigraphy and ice-flow paths indicate multiple ice flow phases. Scottish Journal of Geology. Volume 52, p. 77-89. doi:10.1144/sjg2016-001

Hall A M, Riding J, Brown J F, 2016. The last glaciation in Orkney, Scotland: glacial stratigraphy, event sequence and flow paths. Scottish Journal of Geology. Volume 52, p. 90-102. doi:10.1144/sjg2016-002

2015

Gilg, HA, Hall, AM, Fallick, AE, Friedrich, F, Andersson, UB, 2015. Hydrothermal clays in Fe oxide deposits of Norrbotten County, northern Sweden, EuroClay, Edinburgh.
Hall, AM, 2015. Phanerozoic denudation across the Kola Peninsula, northwest Russia: implications for long term stability of Precambrian shield margins. Norwegian Journal of Geology 95: 27–43.
Hall, AM, Gilg, HA, Fallick, AE, Merritt, J, 2015. Kaolins in gravels and saprolites in north-east Scotland: evidence from stable H and O isotopes for Palaeocene-Miocene deep weathering. Palaeogeography, Palaeoclimatology, Palaeoecology 424: 6–16.
Hall, AM, Sarala, P, Ebert, K, 2015. Late Cenozoic deep weathering patterns on the Fennoscandian shield in northern Finland: a window on ice sheet bed conditions at the onset of Northern Hemisphere glaciation. Geomorphology 246: 472–488.

2014

Hall, A.M., 2014. The glacial erratics of Fair Isle. Shetland Naturalist, 3(2).
Hall, A.M., 2014. The last glaciation of Shetland: local ice cap or invasive ice sheet? Norwegian Journal of Geology, 93, 229-242.
Hall, A.M., Kleman, J., 2014. Glacial and periglacial buzzsaws: fitting mechanisms to metaphors. Quaternary Research, 81, 189–192.
2013
Gilg, H.A., Hall, A.M., Ebert, K., Fallick, A.E., 2013. Cool kaolins in Finland. Palaeogeography, Palaeoclimatology, Palaeoecology, 392, 454–462.

Hall, A.M., Ebert, K., Kleman, J., Nesje, A., Ottesen, D., 2013. Selective glacial erosion on the Norwegian passive margin. Geology, 41, 1203-1206.

Hall, A.M. and Ebert, K., 2013. Tertiary microfossils in Quaternary deposits in northern Finland: local reworking or distant wind transport? Palaeogeography, Palaeoclimatology, Palaeoecology 388, 1-14.
Hall, A. M., Ebert, K. & Hättestrand, C. 2013: Pre-glacial landform inheritance in a glaciated shield landscape. Geografiska Annaler Series A, Physical Geography, 95, 33–49.

Hall, A. M., Gillespie, M., Thomas, C. & Ebert, K. 2013: The Cairngorms - a pre-glacial upland granite landscape. Scottish Geographical Journal 129, 2-14.

2012
Ebert, K., Hall, A. M. & Hättestrand, C. 2012: Pre-glacial landforms on a glaciated shield: the inselberg plains of northern Sweden. Norwegian Journal of Geology, 92, 1-17.
Ebert, K., Willenbring, J. K., Norton, K. P., Hall, A. M. & Hättestrand, C. 2012: Meteoric 10Be concentrations from saprolite and till in northern Sweden saprolite: Implications for genesis and age. Quaternary Geochronology, 12, 11-22.
2011
Hall, A.M., Auton, C.A., Michie, U., Pearson, S. and Riding, J. Switching flow patterns within the last ice sheet In Northern Scotland. Scottish Journal of Geology. 47, 157-167.
Ebert, K., Hätterstrand, C., Hall, A.M. and Alm, G. DEM analysis of macro-scale stepped relief in arctic northern Sweden. Geomorphology. 132, 339-350.
Hall, A.M., Storm wave currents, boulder movement and shore platform development: a case study from East Lothian, Scotland. Marine Geology. 283, 98-105.
2010
Hall, A.M., Hansom, J. and Williams, D.M., 2010. Wave-emplaced coarse debris and megaclasts in Ireland and Scotland: storm waves or tsunamis? The Journal of Geology. 118, 699-704.
Hall, A.M. and Migoń, P., 2010. The first stages of landscape modification by ice sheets: evidence from central Europe. Geomorphology 123, 349–363.
2009
Hansom, J. and Hall, A.M., 2009. Magnitude and frequency of extra-tropical North Atlantic cyclones: a chronology from cliff-top storm deposits. Quaternary International 195, 42-52.
Hubbard, A., Bradwell, T., Golledge, N. R., Hall, A. M., Patton, H., Sugden, D. E., Cooper, R. and Stoker, M. S. 2009. Dynamic cycles, ice streams and their impact on the extent, chronology and deglaciation of the British–Irish ice sheet. Quaternary Science Reviews: 1-19.
Sejrup, H.P., Nygård, A., Hall, A.M. and Haflidason, H., 2009. Middle and Late Weichselian (Devensian) glaciation history of south western Norway, North Sea and eastern UK. Quaternary Science Reviews, 28: 370-380.
2008
Hansom, J., Barltrop, N. and Hall, A.M., 2008. Impact of extreme waves on the Atlantic coasts of the British Isles: modeling the processes of cliff-top erosion and deposition. Marine Geology 253, 36-50.
Phillips, W. M., Hall, A. M., Ballantyne, C. K., Binnie, S., Kubik, P., and Freeman, S. 2008. Extent of the last ice sheet in northern Britain tested with cosmogenic 10Be exposure ages. Journal of Quaternary Science 23, 101-107.
Ballantyne, C.K. and Hall, A.M. 2008. The altitude of the last ice sheet in Caithness and east Sutherland, Northern Scotland. Scottish Journal of Geology 44, 169-181.
Hall, A. M., Hansom, J. and Jarvis, J. 2008. Patterns and rates of erosion produced by high energy wave processes on hard rock headlands: The Grind of the Navir, Shetland, Scotland. Marine Geology 248, 28-46.
2007
Hall, A. M. 2007. The shaping of Lochnagar: pre-glacial, glacial and post-glacial processes. In N. Rose, Lochnagar: The natural history of a mountain lake, 51-62. Springer.
Hall, A. M. and Sugden, D. E. 2007. The significance of tors in glaciated lands: a view from the British Isles. In M.-F. ANDRÉ, Du continent au bassin versant : theories et practiques en géographie physique (Hommage au Professeur Alain Godard), 301-311. Presses Universitaires Blaise-Pascal.
Ballantyne, C. K., Hall, A. M., Phillips, W. M., Binnie, S. and Kubik, P. 2007. Age and significance for former low-altitude corrie glaciers on Hoy, Orkney Islands. Scottish Journal of Geology 43, 1-8.
Hall, A. M. 2007 Lothian Landscapes
2006
Hall, A. M., Hansom, J. D., Williams, D. M. and Jarvis, J. 2006. Distribution, geomorphology and lithofacies of cliff-top storm deposits: Examples from the high-energy coasts of Scotland and Ireland. Marine Geology 232, 131-155.
Hall, A. M. and Phillips, W. M. 2006. Glacial modification of tors in the Cairngorm Mountains, Scotland. Journal of Quaternary Science 21, 811-830.
Hall, A. M. and Phillips, W. M. 2006. Weathering pits as indicators of the relative age of granite surfaces in the Cairngorm Mountains, Scotland. Geografiska Annaler 88A, 135-150.
Phillips, W. M., Hall, A. M., Mottram, R., Fifield, K. and Sugden, D. E. 2006. Cosmogenic exposure ages of tors and erratics on the Cairngorm plateau, Scotland: timescales for the development of a classic landscape of selective linear glacial erosion. Geomorphology 73, 222-245.
Hall, A. M. 2006. Caithness Landscapes
2005
Hall, A.M., 2005. Scottish Landform examples: the Buchan Surface. Scottish Geographical Journal, 121: 107-118.
Hall, A.M., 2005. Orkney Landscapes  
2004
Hall, A.M., 2004. Preglacial relief elements in the Gaick Forest. In: S. Lukas, J.W. Merritt and W.A. Mitchell (Editors), The Quaternary of the Central Grampian Highlands. Quaternary Research Association, London, pp. 23-25.
Hall, A.M. and Jarman, D., 2004a. Quaternary landscape evolution - plateau dissection by glacial breaching. In: S. Lukas, J.W. Merritt and W.A. Mitchell (Editors), The Quaternary of the Central Grampian Highlands. Quaternary Research Association, London, pp. 26-40.
Williams, D.M. and Hall, A.M., 2004. Cliff-top megaclast deposits of Ireland, a record of extreme waves in the North Atlantic - storms or tsunamis? Marine Geology, 206: 101-117.
Hall, A.M., 2004. Shetland Landscapes
2003
Hall, A.M. and Glasser, N.F., 2003. Reconstructing former glacial basal thermal regimes in a landscape of selective linear erosion: Glen Avon, Cairngorm Mountains, Scotland. Boreas, 32: 191-207.
Whittington, G., Buckland, P., Edwards, K. J., Greenwood, M., Hall, A. M., Robinson, M., 2003. Multi-proxy Devensian Lateglacial and Holocene environmental records at an Atlantic coastal site in Shetland. Journal of Quaternary Science, 18: 152-168.
Merritt, J., Auton, C.A., Connell, E.R., Hall, A.M. and Peacock, J.D., 2003. Quaternary geology and landscape evolution of north-east Scotland. Memoir of the British Geological Survey. NERC, Keyworth, Nottingham.
Hall, A.M., Peacock, J.D. and Connell, E.R., 2003. New data for the Last Glacial Maximum in Great Britain and Ireland: comments on the paper by Bowen et al. (2002). Quaternary Science Reviews, 22: 1551-1554.
Hall, A.M., 2003. Cairngorm Landscapes
2002
Hall, A.M. and Bishop, P., 2002. Scotland's denudational history: an integrated view of erosion and sedimentation at an uplifted passive margin. In: A.G. Dore, J. Cartwright, M.S. Stoker, J.P. Turner and N. White (Editors), Exhumation of the North Atlantic Margin: Timing, Mechanisms and Implications for Petroleum Exploration. Geological Society, Special Publication, London, pp. 271-290.
Hall, A.M., Gordon, J.E., Whittington, G., Duller, G.A.T. and Heijnis, H., 2002. Sedimentology, palaeoecology and geochronology of Marine Isotope Stage 5 on the Shetland Isles, Scotland. Journal of Quaternary Science, 17: 51-68.
Whittington, G. and Hall, A.M., 2002. The Tolsta Interstadial, Scotland: correlation with D-O cycles GI-8 to GI-5? Quaternary Science Reviews, 21: 901-915.
2001
Whittington, G., Edwards, K.J. and Hall, A.M., 2001. Vegetational stability and rare species from Early Holocene Lewis. Botanical Journal of Scotland, 53: 121-133.
2000
Hall, A.M., 2000. The Teindland Interglacial Site. In: J.W. Merritt, E.R. Connell and D.R. Bridgland (Editors), The Quaternary of the Banffshire coast and Buchan: Field Guide. Quaternary Research Association, London, pp. 34-37.
Hall, A.M. and Connell, E.R., 2000. Howe of Byth Quarry. In: J.W. Merritt, E.R. Connell and D.R. Bridgland (Editors), The Quaternary of the Banffshire coast and Buchan: Field Guide. Quaternary Research Association, London, pp. 72-74.
Peacock, J.D., Hall, A.M. and Connell, E.R., 2000. St. Fergus. In: J.W. Merritt, E.R. Connell and D.R. Bridgland (Editors), The Quaternary of the Banffshire coast and Buchan: Field Guide. Quaternary Research Association, London, pp. 62-64.
Hall, A.M. and Peacock, J.D., 2000. King Edward. In: J.W. Merritt, E.R. Connell and D.R. Bridgland (Editors), The Quaternary of the Banffshire coast and Buchan: Field Guide. Quaternary Research Association, London, pp. 43-44.
1998
Whittington, G., Connell, E. R., Coope, G. R., Edwards, K. J., Hall, A. M., Hulme, P. D., Jarvis, J., 1998. Devensian organic interstadial deposits and glacier extent in Buchan, Scotland. Journal of Quaternary Science, 13: 309-324.
1997
Glasser, N.F. and Hall, A.M. 1997. Calculating Quaternary erosion rates in North East Scotland. Geomorphology, 20: 29-48.
Hall, A.M., 1997. Landform Evolution in Scotland before the Ice Age. In: J.E. Gordon (Editor), Reflection on the Ice Age in Scotland. Scottish Natural Heritage, Edinburgh, pp. 31-36.
Hall, A.M., 1997. Quaternary Stratigraphy: the Terrestrial Record. In: J.E. Gordon (Editor), Reflections on the Ice Age in Scotland. Scottish Natural Heritage, Edinburgh, pp. 59-71.
1996
Hall, A.M., 1996. The paleic relief of the Cairngorm Mountains. In: N.F. Glasser and M.R. Bennett (Editors), The Quaternary of the Cairngorms. Quaternary Research Association, London, pp. 13-27.
Hall, A.M., 1996. Quaternary geomorphology of the Outer Hebrides. In: D. Gilbertson, M. Kent and J. Grattan (Editors), The Outer Hebrides: the last 14,000 years. Sheffield Academic Press, pp. 5-12.
Hall, A.M. (Editor), 1996. The Quaternary of Orkney. Quaternary Research Association, Cambridge.
1995
Duller, G.A.T., Wintle, A.G. and Hall, A.M., 1995. Luminescence dating and its application to key pre-Late Devensian sites in Scotland. Quaternary Science Reviews, 14: 495-519.
Hall, A.M., 1995. Was all of Lewis glaciated in the Late Devensian? Quaternary Newsletter, 76: 1-7.
Hall, A.M., Duller, G.A.T., Jarvis, J. and Wintle, A.G., 1995. Middle Devensian ice-proximal gravels at Howe of Byth, Grampian Region. Scottish Journal of Geology, 31: 61-64.
Hall, A.M., Whittington, G., Duller, G.A.T. and Jarvis, J. 1995. Late Pleistocene environments in lower Strathspey, Scotland. Transactions of the Royal Society of Edinburgh: Earth Sciences, 85: 253-273.
Hall, A.M. and Jarvis, J., 1995. A multiple till sequence near Ellon, Grampian Region : T. F. Jamieson's Indigo Boulder Clay re-examined. Scottish Journal of Geology, 31: 53-59.
1994
Hall, A.M. and Jarvis, J., 1994. A concealed Lower Cretaceous outlier at Moss of Cruden, Grampian Region. Scottish Journal of Geology, 30: 163-166.
1993
Birnie, J., Gordon, J.E., Bennett, K. and Hall, A.M. (Editors), 1993. The Quaternary of Shetland. Quaternary Research Association, Cambridge, 140 pp.
Gordon, J.E., Hall, A.M. and Ross, H.M., 1993. Introduction to the Quaternary of Shetland. In: J. Birnie, J.E. Gordon, K. Bennett and A.M. Hall (Editors), The Quaternary of Shetland. Quaternary Research Association, Cambridge, pp. 6-8.
Hall, A.M., 1993a. Chapter 15: Rock Weathering and Soils. In: P.M.D. Duff (Editor), Holmes' Principles of Physical Geology. Chapman and Hall, London, pp. 275-288.
Hall, A.M., 1993b. Chapter 16: Surface Erosion and Landscape Slopes. In: P.M.D. Duff (Editor), Holmes' Principles of Physical Geology. Chapman and Hall, London, pp. 289-311.
Hall, A.M., 1993. Chapter 17: The Work of Rivers. In: P.M.D. Duff (Editor), Holmes' Principles of Physical Geology. Chapman and Hall, London, pp. 312-345.
Hall, A.M., 1993. Chapter 18: Development of River Systems and Associated Landscapes. In: P.M.D. Duff (Editor), Holmes' Principles of Physical Geology. Chapman and Hall, London, pp. 346-384.
Hall, A.M., 1993. Chapter 23: Coastal Scenery and the Work of the Sea. In: P.M.D. Duff (Editor), Holmes' Principles of Physical Geology. Chapman and Hall, London, pp. 505-542.
Hall, A.M., 1993. Clettnadal, West Burra. In: J. Birnie, J.E. Gordon, K. Bennett and A.M. Hall (Editors), The Quaternary of Shetland. Quaternary Research Association, Cambridge, pp. 48-49.
Hall, A.M., 1993. Clunas. In: J.E. Gordon and D.G. Sutherland (Editors), Quaternary of Scotland. Chapman and Hall, London, pp. 152-154.
Hall, A.M., 1993. Deep weathering in Scotland: a review. In: A.H. Dawson (Editor), Scottish Geographical Studies. Universities of Dundee and St. Andrews, St. Andrews, pp. 37-46.
Hall, A.M., 1993. Hill of Longhaven. In: J.E. Gordon and D.G. Sutherland (Editors), Quaternary of Scotland. Chapman and Hall, London, pp. 223-225.
Hall, A.M., 1993. Moss of Cruden. In: J.E. Gordon and D.G. Sutherland (Editors), Quaternary of Scotland. Chapman and Hall, London, pp. 218-221.
Hall, A.M., 1993. Pittodrie. In: J.E. Gordon and D.G. Sutherland (Editors), Quaternary of Scotland. Chapman and Hall, London, pp. 221-223.
Hall, A.M., Gordon, J.E. and Whittington, G. 1993. Early Devensian interstadial peat at Sel Ayre, Shetland. In: J. Birnie, J.E. Gordon, K. Bennett and A.M. Hall (Editors), The Quaternary of Shetland. Quaternary Research Association, Cambridge, pp. 104-118.
Whittington, G., Hall, A.M. and Jarvis, J. 1993. A pre-Late Devensian pollen site from Camp Fauld, Buchan, Grampian Region. New Phytologist, 125: 867-874.
Ross, H.M., Hall, A.M. and Gordon, J.E. 1993. Patterns of ice flow on Shetland. In: J. Birnie, J.E. Gordon, K. Bennett and A.M. Hall (Editors), The Quaternary of Shetland. Quaternary Research Association, Cambridge, pp. 9-14.
Hall, A.M., Whittington, G. and Gordon, J.E. 1993b. Interglacial peat at Fugla Ness, Shetland. In: J. Birnie, J. Gordon, K. Bennett and A.M. Hall (Editors), The Quaternary of Shetland. Quaternary Research Association, Cambridge, pp. 62-76.
Hall, A.M. and Whittington, G., 1993. Tresta. In: J. Birnie, J.E. Gordon, K. Bennett and A.M. Hall (Editors), The Quaternary of Shetland. Quaternary Research Association, Cambridge, pp. 121-122.
Hall, A.M. and Jarvis, J., 1993. Bellscamphie. In: J.E. Gordon and D.G. Sutherland (Editors), Quaternary of Scotland. Chapman and Hall, London, pp. 230-233.
Hall, A.M. and Jarvis, J., 1993. Kirkhill. In: J.E. Gordon and D.G. Sutherland (Editors), Quaternary of Scotland. Chapman and Hall, London, pp. 225-230
1992
Hall, A.M., 1992. Deep weathering in Scotland - retrospect and prospect. North of England Soils Discussion Group: Proceedings, 25: 53-63.
1991
Hall, A.M., 1991. Pre-Quaternary landscape evolution in the Scottish Highlands. Transactions of the Royal Society of Edinburgh: Earth Sciences, 82: 1-26.
Hall, A.M. and Connell, E.R., 1991. The glacial deposits of Buchan, north-east Scotland. In: J. Ehlers, P.L. Gibbard and J. Rose (Editors), Glacial Deposits in Great Britain and Ireland. Balkema, Rotterdam, pp. 129-136.
1990
Hall, A.M. and Bent, A.J.A., 1990. The limits of the last British ice sheet in northern Scotland and the adjacent shelf. Quaternary Newsletter, 61: 2-12.
1989
Hall, A.M., 1989. Location and excavation of the 'indigo bouder clay' at Bellscamphie, Ellon, Grampian Region. 975, Nature Conservancy Council.
Hall, A.M., 1989. Pre-Late Devensian coastal rock platforms around Dunbar. Scottish Journal of Geology, 25: 361-365.
Hall, A.M. and Jarvis, J., 1989. A preliminary report on the Late Devensian glaciomarine deposits at St. Fergus, Grampian Region. Quaternary Newsletter, 59: 5-7.
Hall, A.M. and Whittington, G. 1989. Late Devensian glaciation of southern Caithness. Scottish Journal of Geology, 25: 307-324.
Hall, A.M., Mellor, T. and Wilson, M.J. 1989. The clay mineralogy and age of deeply weathered rock in north-east Scotland. Zeitschrift für Geomorphologie SupplementBand, 72: 97-108.
Hall, A.M., Jarvis, J. and Duck, R.W, 1989. Survey of Quaternary deposits adjacent to Kirkhill Quarry, Banff and Buchan district, and recommendations for site conservation. 924, Nature Conservancy Council.
1988
Hall, A.M., 1987. Weathering and relief development in Buchan, Scotland. In: V. Gardiner (Editor), International Geomorphology 1986. Wiley, pp. 991-1005.
Hall, A.M. and Mellor, T., 1988. The characteristics and significance of deep weathering in the Gaick area, Grampian Highlands, Scotland. Geografiska Annaler, 70A: 309-314.
1987
Connell, E.R. and Hall, A.M., 1987. The periglacial history of Buchan, Scotland. In: J. Boardman (Editor), Periglacial Processes and Landforms in Britain and Ireland. Cambridge University Press, Cambridge, pp. 277-285.
Hall, A.M. and Sugden, D.E., 1987. Limited modification of mid-latitude landscapes by ice sheets: the case of north-east Scotland. Earth Surface Processes and Landforms, 12: 531-542.
1986
Hall, A.M., 1986. Deep weathering patterns in north-east Scotland and their geomorphological significance. Zeitschrift für Geomorphologie, 30: 407-422.
Hall, A.M. and Connell, E.R., 1986. A preliminary report on the Quaternary sediments at Leys gravel pit, Buchan. Quaternary Newsletter, 48: 17-28.
1985
Connell, E.R., Hall, A.M., Shaw, D. and Riley, L.A., 1985.  Palynology and significance of radio-carbon dated materials from Cruden Bay brick pit, Grampian Region, Scotland. Quaternary Newsletter, 47: 19-25.
Hall, A.M., 1985. Cenozoic weathering covers in Buchan, Scotland, and their significance. Nature, 315: 392-395.
Hall, A.M., Thomas, M.F. and Thorp, M.B., 1985. Late Quaternary alluvial placer development in the humid tropics: the case of the Birim diamond placer, Ghana. Journal of the Geological Society of London, 142: 777-787.
1984
Connell, E.R. and Hall, A.M., 1984. Boyne Bay Quarry. In: A.M. Hall (Editor), Buchan Field Guide. Quaternary Research Association, Cambridge, pp. 97-101.
Connell, E.R. and Hall, A.M., 1984. Sandford Bay. In: A.M. Hall (Editor), Buchan Field Guide. Quaternary Research Association, Cambridge, pp. 106-107.
Connell, E.R., Hall, A.M. and Romans, J.C.C. 1984. Kirkhill Quarry. In: A.M. Hall (Editor), Buchan Field Guide. Quaternary Research Association, Cambridge, pp. 57-81.
Hall, A.M. (Editor), 1984. Buchan Field Guide. Quaternary Research Association, Cambridge, 120 pp.
Hall, A.M., 1984. Introduction. In: A.M. Hall (Editor), Buchan Field Guide. Quaternary Research Association, Cambridge, pp. 1-26.
Hall, A.M., 1984. Moss of Cruden. In: A.M. Hall (Editor), Buchan Field Guide. Quaternary Research Association, Cambridge, pp. 29-39.
Hall, A.M., 1984. Northseat. In: A.M. Hall (Editor), Buchan Field Guide. Quaternary Research Association, Cambridge, pp. 43-45.
Hall, A.M., 1984. Oldmill. In: A.M. Hall (Editor), Buchan Field Guide. Quaternary Research Association, Cambridge, pp. 106.
Hall, A.M., 1984. Sunnyside. In: A.M. Hall (Editor), Buchan Field Guide. Quaternary Research Association, Cambridge, pp. 39-41.
1983
Hall, A.M., 1983. Weathering and landform evolution in north-east Scotland. Ph.D. thesis, St. Andrews.
1982
Connell, E.R., Edwards, K.J. and Hall, A.M., 1982. Evidence for two pre-Flandrian palaeosols in Buchan, Scotland. Nature, 297: 570-572.
Hall, A.M., 1982. The 'Pliocene' gravels of Buchan: a reappraisal- discussion. Scottish Journal of Geology, 18: 336-338.
Hall, A.M. and Connell, E.R. 1982. Recent excavations at the Greensand locality of Moreseat, Grampian Region. Scottish Journal of Geology, 18: 291-296
 

CV

Moderately glacially eroded shield bedrock, Ukonselka, Finnish Lapland
Moderately glacially eroded shield bedrock, Ukonselka, Finnish Lapland

 

Academic Profile

In the 1980s and 1990s, my research was focused on the study of pre-Quaternary landscape evolution in Scotland, investigating the interplay between tectonics, climate change, weathering and landscape development over timescales of 100-104Ma. 

During this period, I also developed through a range of collaborations an expertise in problems of Quaternary stratigraphy, chronology, environmental change and ice extent. This led to the systematic re-examination and radiocarbon, luminescence and Uranium-series dating of classic Pleistocene sites from Shetland, the Outer Hebrides and Buchan which provided an improved understanding of events prior to OIS 2 in Scotland. 

After 1990, I published many single and co-authored papers and reports on the landforms of Scotland, including its rock coasts and mountain landforms, together with detailed investigations of its Pleistocene history, with a focus on environments in ice free periods, dating of key events and terrestrial glacial stratigraphy. 

More recent work on cliff-top storm deposits has not only brought to attention the extraordinary boulder deposits found on cliff tops at up to 50 a.s.l on the most exposed coasts around the British Isles, but also contributed significantly to the debate over the ability of storm and tsunami waves to move large boulders. 

With Piotr Migon at Wroclaw, I have investigated the first stages of glacial erosion in granite terrain in Poland and the Czech Republic. This work complements previous and continuing studies of progressive glacial erosion in N Fennoscandia, offshore in W Norway and in Scotland.

Problems in long-term geomorphology remain a research focus. Several papers are published with Karin Ebert for N Sweden; others are submitted or in advanced preparation on Finland and Kola. Next steps involve a wider look at glaciated passive margins and collaborations with isotope geochemists to date saprolites on glaciated shields and platforms.
 

Media Profile

Web: Author or co-author of web sites providing easy access to information on Scotland’s landscapes: Cairngorm LandscapesShetland LandscapesOrkney LandscapesLothian LandscapesCaithness Landscapes 

Radio and TV: Various short pieces for BBC Radio Scotland. TV appearances onCoast and History Channel. Script consultant for HorizonCoast and STV programmes.
Print: Populist articles for magazines and newspapers.
Talks and Lectures: Many Science Festivals and societies.

Consultancy

landforms.eu is my consultancy business that handles commissions in many areas of geomorphology. Recent contracts have examined Landscape Character Assessment, rates of coastal erosion, storm hazards and the problems of storage of nuclear waste over 1,000-1,000,000 yr timescales.
 

Honorary Positions

Honorary Reader, School of Geography and Geosciences, University of St Andrews 2010-
Honorary Fellow, School of Geosciences, University of Edinburgh 2000-
Research Associate, British Geological Survey 2014-
Advisory Editor Scottish Journal of Geology 2014-

Last updated: September 24, 2019

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