Profiles

Anne Denhov

Gästforskare

Visa sidan på svenska
Works at Department of Social Work
Email anne.denhov@socarb.su.se
Visiting address Sveavägen 160, Sveaplan
Room 215a
Postal address Institutionen för socialt arbete 106 91 Stockholm

Publications

A selection from Stockholm University publication database
  • 2017. Amanda Ljungberg, Anne Denhov, Alain Topor. Issues in Mental Health Nursing 38 (7), 578-583

    Background: Although being personal in relationships with service users is commonly described as an important aspect of the way that professionals help people with severe mental problems, this has also been described to bring with it a need to keep a distance and set boundaries. Aims: This study aims to explore how professionals working in psychiatric care view being personal in their relationships with users. Method: Qualitative interviews with 21 professionals working in three outpatient psychiatric units, analyzed through thematic analysis. Results: Being personal in their relationships with users was described as something that participants regarded to be helpful, but that also entails risks. Participants described how they balanced being personal by keeping a distance and maintaining boundaries in their relationships based on their experience-based knowledge to counter these risks. While these boundaries seemed to play an important part in the way that they act and behave, they were not seen as fixed, but rather as flexible and dynamic. Boundaries could sometimes be transgressed to the benefit of users. Conclusions: Being personal was viewed as something that may be helpful to users, but that also entails risks. Although boundaries may be a useful concept for use in balancing these risks, they should be understood as something complex and flexible.

  • 2016. Alain Topor (et al.). Community mental health journal 52 (6), 731-737

    During the last decades services to people with severe mental health problems have gone through important changes. Terms as de-, trans-, reinstitutionalisation and dehospitalisation has been used. The objective of the study was to collected data about the changes in a welfare society about the new institutional landscape after the mental hospital area. Data about interventions from social welfare agencies, psychiatric care, and prisons were collected from local and national register as well as data about cause of death and socio-economic status for 1355 persons treated with a diagnosis of psychosis in a Stockholm area 2004–2008. Psychiatric in-patient care and prisons are marginalized. Different interventions in open care touched a very large number of persons. Social welfare agencies play an increasing role in this context. The total institutions have been replaced by a network of micro-institutions sometimes offering help but also control.

  • 2016. Per Bülow (et al.). Issues in Mental Health Nursing 37 (11), 820-828

    Psychotropic drugs, particularly antipsychotic types, are a cornerstone of the treatment of people with psychosis. Despite numerous studies showing that drug treatment with psychotropic drugs initially alleviates psychiatric symptoms, the proportion of people with mental health problems and symptoms that do not follow doctors' prescriptions, thus exhibiting so-called non-adherence, is considerable. Non-adherence is predominantly seen as a clinical feature and as a patient characteristic that is especially due to patients' poor understanding that they are ill. There is also a widespread notion that non-adherence is of great disadvantage to the patient. This article is based on interviews with 19 persons diagnosed with psychosis. It challenges the notion of patients being either adherent or non-adherent to the doctor's orders. The findings show that persons with psychosis are active agents when it comes to adjusting medication. The interviewees created their own strategies to gain power over treatment with psychotropic drugs. The most common strategies were to adjust the doses or take breaks of varying lengths from the medication. These deviations from prescriptions were important to conceal, not only from their own psychiatrists, but from all psychiatric staff.

  • 2016. Amanda Ljungberg, Anne Denhov, Alain Topor. Journal of Mental Health 25 (3), 267-277

    Background: The relationship with professionals has proved to be important with regard to outcome for persons with severe mental illness (SMI). The understanding of non-helpful relationships is important complementary knowledge to that regarding helpful relationships.

    Aim: To review the available qualitative research providing knowledge of non-helpful relationships from the perspective of persons with SMI.

    Method: A review of qualitative studies, based on an earlier systematic search, analyzed through thematic analysis.

    Results: The main themes were non-helpful professionals, organization versus relation and the consequences of non-helpful relationships with professionals. Examples of professionals described as non-helpful were pessimistic and uncaring professionals who were paternalistic and disrespectful. Discontinuity, insufficient time and coercion were some of the contextual factors described as non-helpful. These sorts of relationships were non-helpful because they hindered helpful relationships from developing and contributed to further suffering, instilling hopelessness and hindering personal growth.

    Conclusions: Non-helpful relationships with professionals can be understood as impersonal relationships that contain no space for negotiation of the relationship nor of the support and treatment provided through it. It is important that organizations provide professionals with favorable conditions to negotiate the organizational framework and to treat persons with SMI as whole human beings.

  • Article Going beyond
    2015. Alain Topor, Anne Denhov. Psychosis 7 (3), 228-236

    Background: Establishing a working alliance has been found to be of great importance for the outcome of professional interventions for people diagnosed with severe mental illnesses. Aim: The aim of the present study was to analyse the concrete actions of helpful professionals in establishing a working alliance. Method: Interviews with 58 persons diagnosed with severe mental illness who were in a recovery process or had recovered were analysed using Grounded Theory. Results: The core category that emerged from the analysis was termed ‘going beyond’. It was constituted on three subcategories: challenging the rationality of the institutions, restoring the professional as a person and restoring the user as a person. Conclusion: Users’ experience-based knowledge about helpful professionals calls into question the traditional view of professional roles.

  • 2015. Amanda Ljungberg, Anne Denhov, Alain Topor. Psychiatric quarterly 86 (4), 471-495

    Relationships with professionals have been shown to be helpful to persons with severe mental illness (SMI) in relation to a variety of services. In this article, we aimed to synthesize the available qualitative research to acquire a deepened understanding of what helpful relationships with professionals consists of, from the perspective of persons with SMI. To do this, we created a meta-ethnography of 21 studies, through which ten themes and an overarching interpretation were created. The findings show that helpful relationships with professionals are relationships where the persons with SMI get to spend time with professionals that they know and trust, who gives them access to resources, support, collaboration and valued interpersonal processes, which are allowed to transgress the boundaries of the professional relationship. The overarching interpretation shows that the relationship that persons with SMI form with professionals is a professional relationship as well as an interpersonal relationship. Both these dimensions entail actions and processes that can be helpful to persons with SMI. Therefore, it is important to recognize and acknowledge both the functional roles of service user and service provider, as well as the roles of two persons interacting with each other, in a manner that may go beyond the purview of the traditional professionalism. Furthermore, the helpful components of this relationship are determined by the individual preferences, needs and wishes of persons with SMI.

  • 2014. Alain Topor (et al.). Psychosis 6 (2), 117-127

    In psychiatry, it is assumed that the social conditions of everyday life do not in themselves affect the severity of an individual’s mental ill health. Rather, the illness is the cause of problems that the individual meets in daily life. However, recent studies indicate that social factors can explain behavior that has ordinarily been regarded as symptoms of mental illness. The aim of the present study is to investigate how people with a psychosis diagnosis manage their economic diffi- culties. Nineteen persons with a psychosis diagnosis were interviewed on several occasions in the course of a follow-up study. The interviews were analyzed according to Grounded Theory. The present study shows that the persons had developed different rational ways of coping with economic strain: reducing their expenses, increasing their incomes or borrowing money and acquiring debts. Living under poverty negatively affects their possibility to acquire and maintain a social network and their sense of the self. The study contributes to our knowledge of the nature of psychosis and its relationship to the social context.

  • 2012. Alain Topor, Anne Denhov. American Journal of Psychiatric Rehabilitation 15 (3), 239-254

    Research has shown the importance of the relationship between professionals and users for the outcome of interventions in psychiatry. The aim of this study is to analyze time as one factor in the development of working alliances. Fifty-eight persons in recovery from diagnosis of severe mental illness were interviewed about helping factors in their recovery process. Two aspects of time were considered to be of importance for the construction of working alliances: the quantity of time, that is, getting more time than expected during, between, and after the sessions; and the quality of time, that is, having undisturbed and focused time, the experience of being in the professional thoughts between the sessions and timing in one’s life. Those experiences give the person a sense of being a real-life person and not an abstract patient, and this lays the groundwork for establishing a working alliance. The management of time is an important factor in the creation of a working alliance and should be given greater attention in the development of experienceand evidence-based practice.

  • 2012. Alain Topor (et al.). Psychosis 4 (3), 246-257

    Background: The de-, re- and trans-institutionalization of psychiatric care has resulted in a number of changes in the interventions available to persons with severe mental disorders. Aims: This article describes the design of a naturalistic follow-up study of persons with a psychosis diagnosis, the characteristics of the study population, and the interventions they received prior to study participation from various agencies in and outside of mental healthcare. Method: data from various registers, such as psychiatric and social services case registers, criminal records, and the cause of death register have been collected and analyzed. Results: Under the period 1997-2004, 42% were in contact only with out-patient care, 58% were in contact with the social services, and 2% had served prison sentences. Conclusions: Studies need to include interventions that are provided beyond the scope of psychiatric services in order to assess the extent of the existing support network and the long-term outcomes for persons with a psychosis diagnosis. The lack of a gender perspective in psychiatric research also needs to be addressed.

  • 2012. Anne Denhov, Alain Topor. International Journal of Social Psychiatry 58 (4), 417-424

    Background: The quality of the relationship between professional and user is one of the important factors in the recovery process. However, more knowledge is needed concerning the components of helping relationships and characteristics of the helping professional. The aim of this study was to explore users’ experiences of helping relationships with professionals.

    Data and methods: This was a grounded theory analysis of 71 qualitative interviews to explore users’ experience of helping relationships and their components, in psychiatric care in Sweden.

    Discussion: Within the three main categories – interpersonal continuity, emotional climate and social interaction – two core themes were found that described vital components of helping relationships: a non-stigmatizing attitude on the part of the professionals and their willingness to do something beyond established routines.

    Conclusions: The focus in psychiatric treatment research needs to be broadened. In addition to research on the outcome of particular methods and interventions, the common factors also need to be investigated, above all, what is the effect of the quality of the relationship between user and professional. Greater attention needs to be paid, as well, to how helping respective obstructive relationships in psychiatric services arise, are maintained or are modified.

  • 2011. Alain Topor, Anne Denhov. PSykiatri som socialt arbete, 138-155
  • 2011. Anne Denhov. Psykiatri som socialt arbete
Show all publications by Anne Denhov at Stockholm University

Last updated: October 1, 2018

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