Joäo Manuel Da Silva Santos


Visa sidan på svenska
Works at Department of Astronomy
Telephone 08-553 785 15
Visiting address AlbaNova, Roslagstullsbacken 21 C, plan 6
Room D6:3019
Postal address Institutionen för astronomi 10691 Stockholm

About me

PhD student in the Solar Physics group.



A selection from Stockholm University publication database
  • 2018. Joäo Manuel da Silva Santos, Jaime de la Cruz Rodriguez, Jorrit Leenaarts. Astronomy and Astrophysics 620

    Context. High-resolution observations of the solar chromosphere at millimeter wavelengths are now possible with the Atacama Large Millimeter Array (ALMA), bringing with them the promise of tackling many open problems in solar physics. Observations from other ground and space-based telescopes will greatly benefit from coordinated endeavors with ALMA, yet the diagnostic potential of combined optical, ultraviolet and mm observations has remained mostly unassessed. Aims. In this paper we investigate whether mm-wavelengths could aid current inversion schemes to retrieve a more accurate representation of the temperature structure of the solar atmosphere. Methods. We performed several non-LTE inversion experiments of the emergent spectra from a snapshot of 3D radiation-MHD simulation. We included common line diagnostics such as Ca II K, 8542 angstrom and Mg II h and k, taking into account partial frequency redistribution effects, along with the continuum around 1.2 mm and 3 mm. Results. We find that including the mm-continuum in inversions allows a more accurate inference of temperature as function of optical depth. The addition of ALMA bands to other diagnostics should improve the accuracy of the inferred chromospheric temperatures between log tau similar to [-6, -4.5] where the Ca II and Mg II lines are weakly coupled to the local conditions. However, we find that simultaneous multiatom, non-LTE inversions of optical and UV lines present equally strong constraints in the lower chromosphere and thus are not greatly improved by the 1.2 mm band. Nonetheless, the 3 mm band is still needed to better constrain the mid-upper chromosphere.

  • 2020. Joäo Manuel da Silva Santos (et al.). Astronomy and Astrophysics 634

    Context. Numerical simulations of the solar chromosphere predict a diverse thermal structure with both hot and cool regions. Observations of plage regions in particular typically feature broader and brighter chromospheric lines, which suggests that they are formed in hotter and denser conditions than in the quiet Sun, but also implies a nonthermal component whose source is unclear. Aims. We revisit the problem of the stratification of temperature and microturbulence in plage and the quiet Sun, now adding millimeter (mm) continuum observations provided by the Atacama Large Millimiter Array (ALMA) to inversions of near-ultraviolet Interface Region Imaging Spectrograph (IRIS) spectra as a powerful new diagnostic to disentangle the two parameters. We fit cool chromospheric holes and track the fast evolution of compact mm brightenings in the plage region. Methods. We use the STiC nonlocal thermodynamic equilibrium (NLTE) inversion code to simultaneously fit real ultraviolet and mm spectra in order to infer the thermodynamic parameters of the plasma. Results. We confirm the anticipated constraining potential of ALMA in NLTE inversions of the solar chromosphere. We find significant differences between the inversion results of IRIS data alone compared to the results of a combination with the mm data: the IRIS+ALMA inversions have increased contrast and temperature range, and tend to favor lower values of microturbulence (similar to 3-6 km s(-1) in plage compared to similar to 4-7 km s(-1) from IRIS alone) in the chromosphere. The average brightness temperature of the plage region at 1.25 mm is 8500 K, but the ALMA maps also show much cooler (similar to 3000 K) and hotter (similar to 11000 K) evolving features partially seen in other diagnostics. To explain the former, the inversions require the existence of localized low-temperature regions in the chromosphere where molecules such as CO could form. The hot features could sustain such high temperatures due to non-equilibrium hydrogen ionization effects in a shocked chromosphere - a scenario that is supported by low-frequency shock wave patterns found in the MgII lines probed by IRIS.

Show all publications by Joäo Manuel Da Silva Santos at Stockholm University

Last updated: April 24, 2020

Bookmark and share Tell a friend