Johan Axhamn

Universitetslektor i rättsinformatik

Visa sidan på svenska
Works at Department of Law
Visiting address Universitetsvägen 10 C
Postal address Juridiska institutionen 106 91 Stockholm

About me

Johan Axhamn LL.D. (Stockholm University) L.L.M. and MSc in business and economics (both from Lund University.)

His PhD project deals with the EU database directive, especially the sui generis database right and its interfaces with competition law and fundamental rights.

Between November 2010 and May 2011 Johan conducted research at the Institute for Information Law (IViR) at the University of Amsterdam on the Nordic ECL model in relation to the Europeana project, which has resulted in a EuropeanaConnect ECL report on practical solutions for cross-border access. Prior to this he was a visiting intellectual property scholar at Kernochan Center for Law, Media and the Arts at Columbia Law School , New York, during September and October 2010.

Johan is a former special adviser to the Ministry of Justice in Sweden, with special focus on copyright and enforcement issues. During the Swedish Presidency of the EU in the fall of 2009, Johan had special responsibilities in relation to the ACTA negotiations. During 2006-07 he was secretary of a Swedish Government ministry inquiry on Copyright and the Internet, authoring a report covering most contemporary policy issues in copyright. Johan is currently Sweden’s expert and delegate to the WIPO Intergovernmental Committee on Intellectual Property and Genetic Resources, Traditional Knowledge and Folklore.

Johan teaches in all fields of intellectual property law, with special focus on copyright, European law and international and free trade agreements. He is in charge of the Master’s course Copyright in the Information Society, part of the program in European Intellectual Property Law at the Faculty of Law at Stockholm University. He has published a book on the sui generis database right and is author of several articles on copyright and the sui generis database right in renowned law journals.

Johan is member of several professional organizations, such as the Swedish Copyright Society (the Swedish division of ALAI), the Swedish division of AIPPI, ATRIP, the Swedish Society for Computers and Law and the Swedish Network for European Legal Studies. Johan is often invited as a speaker at conferences on contemporary copyright issues.


A selection from Stockholm University publication database
  • 2016. Johan Axhamn. Liber Amicorum Jan Rosén, 35-60
  • Thesis (Doc) Databasskydd
    2016. Johan Axhamn (et al.).

    The capacity to assemble, store, and make available information in databases is ever growing. This development has accelerated in recent decades, driven by the advent and increased use of digital networks. Already at an early stage, it led to demands for legal protection of databases. In most countries databases have been protected in national legislation based on copyright principles. However, this kind of protection has been regarded as insufficient. The reason for this is that copyright protection only covers the selection or arrangement of the contents of the database. By rearranging the contents, it is possible to avoid liability for copyright infringement. To address the specific needs of producers of databases, the then European community adopted a directive in 1996 on the legal protection of databases. The Directive aims to harmonise copyright protection for databases and to introduce a new, sui generis, right for the legal protection of databases. The sui generis right protects the investments in obtaining, verifying, and presenting the contents in a database. The sui generis right has been described in the literature as one of the most complex intellectual property rights ever established. Its complexity resides in the unclear relationship between the requirements for protection and the content and scope of protection.

    This dissertation describes, analyses, compares and systematises the legal protection for databases as provided for in the EU Database Directive – both in relation to copyright and sui generis protection, but also in relation to the intellectual property system in general and principles and rules on unfair competition. The study also describes and analyses the Directive as implemented into Swedish law. To do this, it makes use of relevant legal sources, with particular account taken of relevant sources of EU law such as the Directive itself, adjacent directives in the field of copyright and related rights, as well as unfair competition law and the case law and legal method developed by the Court of Justice of the European Union. The study also draws on underlying theories of intellectual property protection and unfair competition law, as well as arguments based on unjust enrichment and pure economic loss.

    The study establishes how the sui generis right serves as a legal hybrid between traditional intellectual property rights and protection against unfair competition. The structure of the right resembles traditional intellectual property rights, with requirements for protection, provisions on exclusive rights, exceptions and limitations and a term of protection. At the same time, the content and scope of protection provide measures similar to those countering unfair competition with aspects of protection against pure economic loss. The right protects against certain activities carried out in the market rather than providing protection for a traditional object of intellectual property law. When implementing the Directive, the Swedish legislator overlooked these aspects of the sui generis right, creating legal uncertainties when interpreting and applying the national legislation. The study concludes with a look forward and suggestions for future research.

  • 2016. Johan Axhamn. Moral Rights, 605-635
  • 2015. Johan Axhamn, Annika Malm.

    Direktivet om kollektiv rättighetsförvaltning innehåller krav för att säkerställa att kollektiva förvaltningsorganisationer förvaltar upphovsrätt och närstående rättigheter på ett välfungerande sätt. Direktivet innehåller också bestämmelser om gränsöverskridande licensiering av upphovsrättigheter till musikaliska verk för användning på nätet.

    Utredningen har i huvudsak föreslagit ett genomförande som inte går längre än vad som krävs enligt direktivet, eftersom längre gående bestämmelser kan medföra konkurrensnackdelar. Utredningens utgångspunkt har varit att förslaget till nya bestämmelser ska ansluta sig till den nivå på krav som direktivet ställer.

    Utredningen har bedömt att de bestämmelser som är nödvändiga för att genomföra direktivet bör komma till uttryck i en ny lag. Utredningen har genomgående strävat efter lösningar som är förenliga med befintliga svenska principer och systematik, såväl vad gäller regelverket som de praktiska ordningarna för kollektiv förvaltning.

    Direktivet om kollektiv rättighetsförvaltning innehåller krav i fråga om i) styrning och kontroll över den kollektiva förvaltningen, ii) organisationernas inkassering, förvaltning och utbetalning av inkasserade medel, iii) organisationernas relationer till andra förvaltningsorganisationer, iv) förhållandet till användare samt v) insyn, tillhandahållande av information och rapportering. Därutöver innehåller direktivet villkor och krav för gränsöverskridande licensiering i vissa fall och slutligen bestämmelser om efterlevnad och kontroll.

  • 2015. Johan Axhamn. NIR (6), 675-696
Show all publications by Johan Axhamn at Stockholm University

Last updated: December 18, 2018

Bookmark and share Tell a friend