Johanna Lidén

Johanna Lidén


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Works at Department of Ethnology, History of Religions and Gender Studies
Telephone 08-16 42 34
Visiting address Universitetsvägen 10 E, plan 7
Room E 778
Postal address 106 91 Stockholm 106 91 Stockholm


I have been teaching Chinese and Japanese religions and supervising students at the Department of Ethnology, History of Religions and Gender Studies. Earlier I have also been teaching Chinese at Uppsala University. I have a background as a teacher at Upper Secondary School level, and currently I am teaching Chinese, Religion and Swedish at Södra Latin Upper Secondary School. I also supervise students doing project works at this school.


My research concerns Chinese religion and specifically religious movements in the Ming dynasty (1368-1644). My thesis discusses and analysis a popular and religious movement. It is entitled: "The Taizhou Movement: Being Mindful in the Sixteent Century China". This movement is in generall regarded as Confucian, but has distinct Buddhist and Daoist traits. My research method is historical and filological and I am working with a broad range of genres from the Ming dynasty and the Qing dynasty (1644-1912), although I also make use of secondary literature in modern Chinese. My primary interest are the ideas and religious praxis of this movement. The ideas are Neo-Confucian and concerns ethical questions, such as how to give respect to oneself and others. As for the religious praxis, singing, recitation, individual and communal meditation, social works and retreats in the free academies are common examples. The ideas of the movement is heterogeneous and the members come from all kinds of social layers. Their outspokeness and unconventional ways of interpreting the Confucian Classics made them target of persecution.


A selection from Stockholm University publication database
  • 2011. Johanna Lidén. Orientalia Suecana LX (60), 163-184

    This article aims to describe the Buddhist and Daoist influences on the formation of Neo-Confucianism in particular regarding its selection and exegesis of Confucian Classics and its view of the cosmos and the nature of man, as well as the quest for a certain mental state. The Buddhist and Daoist influences on Neo-Confucianism and the syncretistic tendencies during the Song and Ming dynasties made the question of heresy and orthodoxy acute. Thinkers who borrowed many alien elements are especially prone to strongly defend themselves with claims to orthodoxy, and at the same time are highly critical of the other traditions they often have forsaken at an earlier stage in their development. It is impossible to determine who was most influenced by Buddhism, Zhu Xi or Wang Yangming. The difference between them is not a difference in degree but that they adopted different parts of Buddhism, Zhu Xi more of its philosophy, whereas Wang Yangming more of its praxis.

    Keywords: Neo-Confucianism, Buddhism, Daoism, Zhu Xi, Wang Yangming, syncretism, heterodoxy, orthodoxy, Song and Ming dynasties

Show all publications by Johanna Lidén at Stockholm University

Last updated: February 17, 2019

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