Markus Lundström


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Works at Department of Economic History
Visiting address Universitetsvägen 10 A, plan 9
Room A 935
Postal address Ekonomisk-historiska institutionen 106 91 Stockholm

About me

Markus Lundström’s research concerns the formative aspects of resistance and social movements. His published writings empirically explore the political aspects of contemporary urban riots in Husby, as well as historical changes in the ideological landscape of Swedish fascism and radical nationalism. Peer-reviewed publications also include a critical evaluation of academic examination practice, and empirical studies of socioeconomic aspects of Brazilian meat production. Lundström’s most recent book concerns on how Brazil’s Landless Movement (MST) intertwines the making of history with the making of resistance. Markus Lundström currently teaches and supervises at the department of Economic History, Stockholm University. In his ongoing research, Lundström explores intersectional anarchist critiques of nationalism, speciesism and marketization.


A selection from Stockholm University publication database
  • 2017. Markus Lundström (et al.).

    This dissertation explores the story of Brazil’s Landless Movement: its historiographical prequel, its narrative components, its modifications, its enactment. The study derives from a non-essentialist understanding of the resistance agent, here construed as political subject – a collective of individuals, contingently unified in a specific political struggle, not necessarily representing a mutual material need, nor a common identity. From the premise of political subject contingency, this dissertation sets out to explore resistance continuity. The empirical case is Movimento do Trabalhadores Rurais Sem Terra – MST – commonly narrated as one of the world’s most longstanding and successful social movements, continuously navigating Brazil’s uneven politico-economic topography. The research problem concerns how to understand resistance continuity, from the non-essentialist notion of political subject contingency.

    My approach is to examine the animate story of Brazil’s Landless Movement. The MST historiography encompasses a prequel to that story. An empirical analysis of ethnographic sources and Jornal Sem Terra (MST’s internal newspaper) suggests that the scene of this prequel, alike the MST story, takes place at the social margins of the Brazilian nation-state project. Historiographical events and characters portray a specific historical context – five centuries of resistance – in which the MST story is situated. With the terminology of historian Reinhart Koselleck, MST’s historiography hereby produces a space of experience: specific understandings of the past that assign meaning to contemporary activities, fueling socio-political advocacies, then projected onto a collective horizon of expectation.

    The contours of the MST story are not exclusively drawn by MST participants, but also, as implied by my meta-analysis of 275 MST-related scholarly texts, by academic storytelling. Ethnographic and meta-analytical inquiries thus verify the narrative’s stabilizing function for political subject formation. Yet the MST story is also notably flexible. A corpus analysis of Jornal Sem Terra reveals substantial narrative changes between 1981 and 2013. The antagonist of the MST story shifts from the traditional large landowner towards export-oriented agrifood corporations. This antagonist shift parallels an increased emphasis on the small-scale farmer, downplaying the original narrative protagonist: the landless rural worker. What remains constant is the narrative plot – agrarian social conflict – which then allows insertion of different characters into the storyline. Stability of the narrative plot enables flexibility of the story’s main characters.

    Yet such narrative flexibility eventually reaches a point where it jeopardizes the narrative’s stability-producing function. This accentuates the activity aspect of political subject formation. My empirical analysis of 18 focus groups, 14 individual interviews, and ethnographic observations, demonstrates that the MST story is continuously enacted, through confrontative and constructive resistance activities, thus reviving the narrative plot of agrarian social conflict. Hence, the MST story is not only revisited by movement participants, reinforced through their personalized storytelling, revised for more precise applicability, but also revived when recurrently enacted. The making of resistance, through animate storytelling and narrative enactment, fosters continuity of a contingent political subject.

  • 2016. Markus Lundström. Utbildning och Lärande / Education and Learning 10 (1), 88-93

    The argument raised in this article stems from the analytical distinction between summative and formative assessment. While summative assessment demarks a measurable fixation of the student’s knowledge level at a given point in time, formative assessment instead aims to propel the learning process. Formative assessment becomes particularly manifested in the educational moment of supervised essay writing. Continuous and flexible feedback is vital to the art of supervising. This practice of formative assessment is, in turn, key to the student’s possibilities for deep learning. A fruitful formula for formative assessment and deep learning is to establish a horizontal relationship between supervisor and student, what Olga Dysthe has called the partnership model. This partnership relation is, as argued in this article, endangered by the examination practice’s constant insertion of verticality into the student-teacher relationship. By limiting relational horizontality, the examination locks the pedagogical potential that is naturally embedded in the relational process of essay writing.

  • 2016. Markus Lundström, Tomas Lundström. ARKIV. Tidskrift för samhällsanalys (5), 39-66

    Markus Lundström och Tomas Lundströms artikel analyserar vad författarna benämner som ”radikal nationalism” i Sverige mellan 1915–2015. Utifrån tidigare forskning sammanställs en historisk översikt över de aktörer vars politiska projekt tar sin utgångspunkt i nationalismens själva rot: att knyta en nedärvd folkgemenskap till en specifik plats. Till skillnad från tidigare konceptualiseringar av denna politiska miljö utgår ”radikal nationalism” från aktörernas egen idévärld, och genom att betona aktörernas gemensamma ideologiska drag framträder en bild av ett historiskt föränderligt flätverk där olika aktörer skapas och splittras, interagerar, förgrenas och återuppstår. Författarna identifierar tre olika idéströmningar som präglar miljön och som under hundra år av radikal nationalism korsat varandras färdriktning. Medan den rasorienterade och socialkonservativa nationalismen historiskt sett stått i konflikt med varandra, tycks den identitära idéströmningen på senare tid ha skapat nya kontaktytor aktörerna emellan. Artikelns historisering av svensk radikal nationalism föreslår, med andra ord, en analysram för att studera dessa aktörer, och för att begripliggöra nationalistisk radikalisering i Sverige.

  • 2014. Paulina de los Reyes (et al.).
  • 2011. Markus Lundström. Journal of Sustainable Agriculture 35 (2), 202-232

    The increased meat consumption during the past 15 years has boosted a dramatic production increase called the Livestock Revolution. This case study from Rio Grande do Sul indicates that the Livestock Revolution causes prosperity for large-scale food processing companies, while small-scale farmers are being marginalized. Utilizing the food regime analysis, this polarizing pattern is interpreted as an expression of the 'corporate food regime,' which is challenged by an alternative agri-food paradigm. As farmer resistance constitutes alternatives that fuel the dynamics of the Livestock Revolution, it is argued that these tensions reflect an ongoing crisis of the contemporary food regime.

Show all publications by Markus Lundström at Stockholm University

Last updated: October 25, 2018

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