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Margarita Chudnovskaya


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Works at Swedish institute for social research
Visiting address Universitetsvägen 10 F
Room F 992
Postal address Institutet för social forskning 106 91 Stockholm

About me

I am post-doctoral researcher at the Swedish Institute for Social Research, SOFI. At SOFI I am employed within the FORTE Project Interlocking inequalities: A multidimensional perspective on inequality in contemporary Sweden, with Carina Mood as the PI.  My main research interests are the transition to parenthood/childlessness, and the expansion of higher education/ inequality in higher education. My current research activities (in addition to working on the publication of my dissertation chapters) are a study on the association between childlessness and status among Swedish men, and a study of Swedish online distance education at the post-secondary level. 

In my doctoral research I used register data to study how the expansion of tertiary expansion in Sweden has affected patterns of union formation and educational assortative mating. My dissertation includes five papers on the following topics: changes in inter-generational proximity as a consequence of educational expansion; educational institutions as partner markets; educational expansion and changes in educational homogamy; status inequality within highly educated couples; and childlessness among highly educated men.

I received my Ph.D. from the Stockholm Univerity Department of Sociology, where I was also employed on the register based research project SIMSAM. Prior to coming to Stockholm University I studied at University of California, Berkeley where I received my B.A. (political economy) and my M.A. (demography). A link to my CV is available on the right.

My publications

Chudnovskaya, Margarita (2018) "Housing context and childbearing in Sweden: a cohort study." Housing StudiesDOI

Chudnovskaya, Margarita (2017) “Trends in childlessness among highly educated men in Sweden.” Stockholm Research Reports in Demography, 2015:26.

Chudnovskaya, Margarita (2017) “Is the end of educational hypergamy the end of hypergamy? Evidence from Sweden.” Stockholm Research Reports in Demography, 2015:25.

Chudnovskaya, Margarita, & Kolk, Martin (2015) “Educational Expansion and Intergenerational Proximity in Sweden” Population, Space and Place, DOI.



A selection from Stockholm University publication database
  • 2017. Margarita Chudnovskaya (et al.).

    The subject of this dissertation is trends in family formation among highly educated men and women in Sweden. The highly educated have typically differed from other educational groups in their patterns of childbearing. This has particularly been

    the case for highly educated women, who used to be in the minority among the highly educated and who were much more likely to be childless than other women. The goal of this dissertation is to understand how the expansion of higher education has transformed  the formation of childbearing unions among the highly educated group. The context for the dissertation is the dramatic expansion of higher education which has occurred in Sweden over the last half century. As the share of cohorts graduating from post-secondary education has grown, diversity among the highly educated has also increased. This dissertation draws upon rich Swedish administrative register data to answer questions about changes in the behavior of the highly educated group, as well as emerging stratification within the group. This dissertation consists of five studies and an introductory chapter.

    In Study 1, we examine changes in geographical distances between young couples and their parents. We find that among younger cohorts, generations live further apart. The expansion of higher education contributes to these distances, though the introduction of regional colleges has mediated the impact of educational expansion to some extent. In Study 2, we consider how effective colleges are as partner markets. We follow one birth cohort (1970), and examine the likelihood that they form a childbearing union with someone who attended the same university at the same time. We find that colleges are an important potential meeting place for childbearing partners, and examine how the likelihood of partnering with a fellow student is related to the college composition.

    In Study 3, I assess changes in partner choice among the highly educated, by comparing the likelihood that highly

    educated men and women born in 1940-2, 1950-2, 1960-2, and 1970-2 form a childbearing union, and whether they do

    so with a highly or a lower educated partner. I find that female graduates are much more likely to enter unions, and to

    “partner down”. Men’s likelihood of forming a childbearing union hasn’t changed across cohorts, but men from later cohorts are much more likely to find a highly educated partner than men from earlier cohorts. I show that partnership outcomes for graduates are related to social class background, university experience (degree length and institution type), and post-graduation income. In Study 4, we study unions with at least one highly educated partner, including men and women born in 1950-2, 1960-2, 1970-2, and 1980-2. We examine the extent to which educational (in)equality is mirrored in other measures of status such as social class background, income, and occupational prestige. We conclude that although the number of women “partnering down” in terms of education has increased dramatically, these unions are not necessarily characterized by female status-dominance more generally. In Study 5, I focus on highly educated men who do not form any childbearing union, studying men born in the years 1945-1974. I find that the consistent levels of childlessness among highly educated men may best be explained by changes in the composition of graduates in terms of field of study and post-graduation income.

Show all publications by Margarita Chudnovskaya at Stockholm University


  • CV (152 Kb)

Last updated: November 1, 2018

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