Research project Reaching a sustainable human – carnivore coexistence in a socio-environmental landscape
Conflict between humans and wildlife
Humans and wildlife have coexisted for centuries but conflicts have increased over recent decades (Fig. 1). Little is known about the geospatial patterns of underlying factors of these conflicts, particularly with carnivores, and how strongly socio-economic aspects play a role.
By applying an interdisciplinary approach, we intend to map human-carnivore conflicts on a landscape scale, with case study sites in Sweden, Italy and Tanzania and with a particular emphasis on wolves (Canis lupus, Fig. 1) and hyaenas (Crocuta crocuta, Fig. 2).
Our objectives are to (i) understand socio-economic and environmental drivers that impact human-carnivore conflict occurrence and dynamics, (ii) identifying geospatial patterns and (iii) examine the success of selected mitigation measures.
In close collaboration with local project partners, we will conduct surveys and interviews with various stakeholders involved. Furthermore, we use data on conflict occurrences, wildlife population trends and movement patterns as well as socio-ecological drivers to understand the dynamics between human and wildlife land use over space and time. Finally, we draw a landscape of acceptance in the human-dominated land around protected areas helping us to predict conflict hotspots.