The course deals with the effects of contaminants and other anthropogenic disturbances in both temperate and tropical ecosystems. You will obtain an understanding of the transport and distribution of contaminants in the environment, their uptake into organisms, and their effects at the cellular, individual, population and ecosystem levels. The course includes a short research project and you will learn about toxicity testing methods. The course provides a solid basis for further studies and for work with environmental problems. Course period: August-October.