The Arctic Ocean Manganese Cycle, an Overlooked Mechanism in the Anomalous Palaeomagnetic Sedimentary Record

Steffen Wiers1, Ian Snowball1, Matt O’Regan2, Christof Pearce3 and Bjarne Almqvist1

1Department of Earth Sciences, Uppsala University, Uppsala, Sweden
2Department of Geological Sciences, Stockholm University, Stockholm, Sweden
3Department of Geoscience and Arctic Research Centre, Aarhus University, Aarhus, Denmark

Abstract
Palaeomagnetic records obtained from Arctic Ocean sediments are controversial because they include numerous and anomalous geomagnetic excursions. Age models that do not rely on palaeomagnetic interpretations reveal that the majority of the changes in inclination do not concur with the established global magnetostratigraphy. Seafloor oxidation of (titano)magnetite to (titano)maghemite with self-reversal of the (titano)maghemite coatings has been proposed as an explanation. However, no existing model can explain when the self-reversed components formed and how they are linked to litho-stratigraphic changes in Arctic Ocean sediments. In this study, we present new palaeo- and rock magnetic measurements of a sediment core recovered from the Arlis Plateau, close to the East Siberian Shelf. The magnetic data set is evaluated in the context of the regional stratigraphy and downcore changes in physical and chemical properties. By cross-core correlation, we show that magnetic inclination changes in the region do not stratigraphically align, similar to results of studies of sediments from the Lomonosov Ridge and Yermak Plateau. Rock magnetic and chemical parameters indicate post-depositional diagenetic changes in the magnetic mineral assemblage that can be linked to manganese cycling in the Arctic Ocean. The potential presence of a magnetic remanence bearing manganese-iron oxide phase, which can undergo self-reversal, leads to an alternative hypothesis to primary seafloor oxidation of (titano)magnetite. This phase may form by precipitation from seawater or by changing redox conditions in the sediment column by mineral precipitation from ions dissolved in pore water. These findings highlight the need for further investigation into the magnetic mineral assemblage, its link to manganese cycling and pore water geochemistry in Arctic Ocean sediments.

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