Cdc48 and Ubx1 participate in a pathway associated with the inner nuclear membrane that governs Asi1 degradation

Marina Pantazopoulou, Mirta Boban, Roland Foisner and Per O. Ljungdahl.

Journal of Cell Science (2016) 129, 3770-3780 doi:10.1242/jcs.189332


The inner nuclear membrane (INM) E3 ubiquitin ligase component Asi1 is ubiquitylated, removed from the membrane and targeted to nuclear proteasomes through a new INM-associated degradation pathway.



The nuclear envelope is a barrier comprising outer and inner membranes that separate the cytoplasm from the nucleoplasm. The two membranes have different physical characteristics and protein compositions. The processes governing the stability of inner nuclear membrane (INM) proteins are not well characterized. In Saccharomyces cerevisiae, the INM Asi1-Asi3 complex, principally composed of integral membrane proteins Asi1 and Asi3, is an E3 ubiquitin ligase. In addition to its well-documented function in endoplasmic reticulum (ER)-associated degradation, the Doa10 E3 ubiquitin ligase complex partially localizes to the INM. The Asi1-Asi3 and Doa10 complexes define independent INM-associated degradation (INMAD) pathways that target discrete sets of nuclear substrates for proteasomal degradation. Here, we report that Asi1 is rapidly turned over (t1/2≤30 min). Its turnover depends on ubiquitin-mediated degradation by nucleus-localized proteasomes, exhibiting a clear requirement for the E2 ubiquitin-conjugating enzyme Ubc7, Cue1 and the AAA ATPase Cdc48 and co-factor Ubx1. Asi1 turnover occurs largely independently of the Asi1-Asi3 or Doa10 complexes, indicating that it is subject to quality control at the INM in a manner distinct from that of the characterized INMAD pathways.


INMAD; Inner-nuclear-membrane-associated degradation; Membrane dislocation; Nuclear envelope; Proteasome; Saccharomyces cerevisiae; Ubiquitin