miR-29b Mediates the Chronic Inflammatory Response in Radiotherapy-Induced Vascular Disease

Suzanne M. Eken, MD, PHD, Tinna Christersdottir, MD, Greg Winski, MD, Traimate Sangsuwan, MSC, Hong Jin, MD, PHD, Ekaterina Chernogubova, PHD, John Pirault, PHD, Changyan Sun, MSC, Nancy Simon, MSC, Hanna Winter, MSC, Alexandra Backlund, PHD, Siamak Haghdoost, PHD, Göran K. Hansson, MD, PHD, Martin Halle, MD, PHD, Lars Maegdefessel, MD, PHD

http://basictranslational.onlinejacc.org/content/4/1/72


Summary
As a consequence of the success of present-day cancer treatment, radiotherapy-induced vascular disease is emerging. This disease is caused by chronic inflammatory activation and is likely orchestrated in part by microRNAs. In irradiated versus nonirradiated conduit arteries from patients receiving microvascular free tissue transfer reconstructions, irradiation resulted in down-regulation of miR-29b and up-regulation of miR-146b. miR-29b affected inflammation and adverse wound healing through its targets pentraxin-3 and dipeptidyl-peptidase 4. In vitro and in vivo, we showed that miR-29b overexpression therapy, through inhibition of pentraxin-3 and dipeptidyl-peptidase 4, could dampen the vascular inflammatory response.
(J Am Coll Cardiol Basic Trans Science 2019;4:72–82) © 2019 The Authors. Published by Elsevier on behalf of the American College of Cardiology Foundation. This is an open access article under the CC BY-NC-ND license (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-nd/4.0/).