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Aikaterini GlykouForskare

Om mig

My main research interest is to identify the impacts of climatic and environmental change on human and animal populations throughout the Holocene and to explore human responses to the changing faunal and natural environment. I use a multidisciplinary approach to address my research questions by combining archaeology, zooarchaeology and bioarchaeology, with particular focus on the application of isotope analyses to archaeological teeth and bones. My specialisations in terms of methodology and original contributions is the combination of zooarchaeology and especially marine mammal anatomy and ecology, isotope analyses, and archaeology to explore and interpret the impacts of climatic and environmental change on human and animal populations, such as diet adaptations, subsistence shifts, hunting patterns, population relocations, increases/decreases of populations, and even extinctions of species. Beyond that, my interests are wide. I am especially interested in increasing the understanding of past marine mammal exploitation and to reconstruct human exploitation of marine resources over time by studying hunting strategies and hunting methods, including artefacts related to hunting and fishing, analysis of bone lesions related to hunting or processing of the hunted prey, resource acquisition processes, and landscape use.  


After finishing my graduate studies in archaeology and history of art at the University of Athens, Greece, 2000, I worked as a professional field archaeologist in various archaeological services (ephorates and museums) in Greece. In 2004, I completed a year of postgraduate studies focused on archaeozoology and maritime archaeology at Christian-Albrechts University (CAU) of Kiel, Germany, where I also completed the educational programme for scientific diving. In 2005, my PhD proposal was awarded a fellowship by the German Academic Exchange Service (DAAD), and from 2008 I was awarded a scholarship, and became a member of the Graduate School “Human Development in Landscapes”, CAU, Kiel. With my interdisciplinary PhD thesis, I shed light on important aspects of human subsistence towards the end of the Mesolithic and the onset of the Neolithic in this region, including pottery production, hunting strategies, mobility, seasonality, territoriality and interactions with other cultures (Glykou 2016). In 2013, I started to work as a postdoctoral researcher at the Archaeological Research Laboratory, Department of Archaeology and Classical Studies, Stockholm University where I took a hands-on training bioarchaeology. Since 2016 I work as researcher at the Archaeological Research Laboratory, where I have been contributing with research publications, new research ideas, acquisition of funding, and teaching.


External funding awards

2019              Swedish Research Council (4,498,781 SEK; Project nr. 2019-02620); Co-applicant. Research grant; PI: Prof. K. Lidén, Stockholm University (SU)

2019              Environmental Humanities, Stockholm University (SU) (100.000 SEK); Principal Investigator. Research grant. Co-applicant: A. Christiernsson Law Department, SU

2016              Association of the Friends for Archaeology at the State Archaeological Museum Schloss     Gottorf, Schleswig, Germany (100,000SEK). Publication of the PhD thesis

2015              Birgit and Gad Rausings Stiftelse för Humanistik Forskning (94,000 SEK). Project grant for radiocarbon dating

2015              Berit Wallenberg Stiftelse (10,000 SEK), Conference grant

2014              NOS-HS Grant (240,000 SEK), Grant for two workshops. PI: Prof. J. Storå SU

2012              German Academic Exchange Service (DAAD) (8,000 SEK), Conference grant

2008–2011    Graduate School “Human Development in Landscapes”, CAU Kiel Grant for PhD

2005–2008    German Academic Exchange Service (DAAD), Bonn Grant for PhD Studies


Memberships of scientific societies

Since 2016    Initiator, founder member and coordinator of the ICAZ (International Council of  Archaeozoology) Marine Mammal Working Group (MMWG) ICAZ (

Since 2012    Member of the European Association of Archaeologists (EAA)

Since 2010    Member of the International Council of Archaeozoology (ICAZ)

Since 2010    Founder member of the German Association of Archaeozoologists

Since 2009    Member of the German Society for Archaeozoology and Prehistoric Anthropology  


Organisation of conferences

2019 UK, Cambridge: 2nd meeting of the ICAZ Marine Mammal Working Group

McDonald Institute for Archaeological Research, University of Cambridge. Co-organised with Dr. James Barrett, University of Cambridge.

2017 Sweden, Stockholm: Workshop “Deep Time and the Waters of the Baltic Sea”

Awarded by the Baltic Sea Center, Stockholm University, 10/05/2017 Stockholm. Co-organised with Dr. Christina Fredengren, Stockholm University.

2016 Iceland: 2nd NOS-HS Workshop on “Human-Seal Interrelations”

Awarded by the “NOS-HS”. Co-organisers Prof. Jan Storå, Prof. Kerstin Lidén, both Stockholm University.

2014 Sweden, Stockholm: 1st NOS-HS Workshop on “Human-Seal Interrelations”

Awarded by the “NOS-HS”. Co-organisers Prof. Jan Storå, Prof. Kerstin Lidén, both Stockholm University.

2006 Germany, Schleswig: International Workshop “Early Pottery in the Baltic – Dating, Origin and Social Context”.

Co-organiser: Dr. Sönke Hartz, Archaeological State Museum Schloss Gottorf, Germany.

Organisation of conference sessions

2021 Kiel EAA (27th Annual Meeting of the European Association of Archaeologists)

Session: Assessing the impact of major climatic and/or environmental events on human culture and subsistence. Co-organisers: Dr. Olalla López-Costas, Universidade de Santiago de Compostela; Dr, Junzo Uchiyama, Kanazawa University; Dr. Peter Jordan, Lund University; Prof. Kerstin Lidén, Stockholm University.

2017 Maastricht EAA (23rd Annual Meeting of the European Association of Archaeologists)

Main organiser of the Session on “Marine Mammal Exploitation from a Diachronic Perspective”. Co-organiser Dr. Anne-Birgitte Gotfredsen, University of Copenhagen.

2011 Kiel, Socio-environmental dynamics over the last 12,000 years: The creation of landscapes. International Workshop of the Graduate School. 

Session: Natural or anthropogenic – dynamic and mobility of faunal landscapes. Co-organisers: Rémi Berthon, Ben Krause-Kyora, Both CAU Kiel.





Glykou A. 2016. Neustadt LA 156. Ein submariner Fundplatz des späten Mesolithikums und frühesten Neolithikums in Schleswig-Holstein. Untersuchungen zur Subsistenzstrategie der letzten Jäger, Sammler und Fischer an der norddeutschen Ostseeküste. Untersuchungen und Materialien zur Steinzeit in Schleswig-Holstein 7. Schleswig/Neumünster. Wachholtz Verlag, pp. 534.


Peer-Reviewed Articles

Glykou, A., Lõugas, L., Piliciauskiene, G., Schmölcke, U., Eriksson, G. and K. Lidén 2021a. Reconstructing the ecological history of the extinct harp seal population of the Baltic Sea. Quaternary Science Reviews 251:106701.

Glykou, A., Ritchie, K. Hargrave, M. S., Visch, W. and K. Lidén 2021b. Strontium isotope analysis in cod otoliths by laser ablation multi-collector inductively coupled plasma mass spectrometry. Journal of Archaeological Science Reports 37:102976.

Bro-Jørgensen, M. H., Keighley, X, Ahlgren, H, Scharff-Olsen, C. H., Rosing-Asvid, A., Dietz, R., Ferguson, S. H., Gotfredsen, A. B., Jordan, P., Glykou, A., Lidén, K. and M. T. Olsen 2021. Genomic sex identification of ancient pinnipeds using the dog genome. Journal of Archaeological Science 127:105321.

Keighley, X., Bro-Jørgensen, M.H., Ahlgren, H., Szpak, P., Ciucani, M.M., Barreiro, F.S., Howse, L., Glykou, A., Gotfredsen, A.B., Lidén, K., Jordan, P. and M.T. Olsen 2021. Predicting sample success for large-scale ancient DNA studies on marine mammals. Molecular Ecology Resources.

Glykou, A., Eriksson, G., Storå, J., Schmitt, M., Kooijman, E. and K. Lidén 2018. Intra- and inter-tooth variation in strontium isotope ratios from prehistoric seals by laser ablation. Rapid Communications in Mass Spectrometry (32): 1215-1224.

Glykou A. 2014. Late Mesolithic-Early Neolithic Sealers: a case study on the exploitation of marine resources during the Mesolithic-Neolithic transition in the southwestern Baltic Sea. Internet Archaeology 37, University of York. ia.37.7.pdf (

Heron, C., Andersen, S., Fischer, A., Glykou, A., Hartz, S., Saul, H., Steele, V. and O. Craig 2013. Illuminating the Late Mesolithic: residue analysis of ‘blubber’ lamps from Northern Europe. Antiquity 87, 178-188.

Robson, H., Andersen, S., Craig, O., Fischer, A., Glykou, A., Hartz, S., Lübke, H., Schmölcke, U. and C. Heron 2012. Carbon and nitrogen isotope signals in eel bone collagen from Mesolithic and Neolithic sites in northern Europe, Journal of Archaeological Science 39, 2003-2011.

Saul, H., Madella, M., Fisher, A., Glykou, A., Hartz, S. and O. E. Craig 2013. Phytoliths in Pottery Reveal the Use of Spice in European Prehistoric Cuisine. PLoS ONE 8(8): e70583. doi:10.1371/ journal.pone.0070583

Saul, H., Wilson, J., Heron, C. P., Glykou, A., Hartz, S. and O. E. Craig 2012. A Systematic Approach to the Recovery and Identification of Starches from Carbonised Deposits on Ceramic Vessels. Journal of Archaeological Science 12, vol. 39, 3483-3492.

Craig, O. E., Steele, V. J., Fischer, A., Hartz, S., Andersen, S. H., Donohoe, P., Glykou, A., Saul, H., Jones, D. M., Koch, E. and C. P. Heron 2011. Ancient lipids reveal continuity in culinary practices across the transition to agriculture in Northern Europe. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences (PNAS) 2011 108 (44) 17910-17915 doi:10.1073/pnas.1107202108

Glykou, A., Heinrich, D. and I. B. Enghoff 2011. Bearbeitete Wirbel von Thunfischen Thunnus thynnus (L. 1758) – Frühneuzeitliche Objekte unbekannter Funktion. Offa 63/64 (2006/2007), 209-215.


Book Chapters

Ahlgren, H., Bro-Jørgensen, M.H., Glykou, A., Schmölcke, U., Angerbjörn, A., Olsen and M.T. and K. Lidén 2021. The Baltic grey seal – a history of presence and absence. In: Bro-Jørgensen, M.H. (manuscript). Theses and Papers in Scientific Archaeology 19. Stockholm: Universitetsservice US-AB.

Bro-Jørgensen, M.H., Ahlgren, H., Puerta, E.J.R., Lõugas, L., Gotfredsen, A.B., Glykou, A., Olsen, M.T., and K. Lidén 2021b. Genomic insights on the Baltic harp seal population. In: Bro-Jørgensen, M.H. 2021, (manuscript). Theses and Papers in Scientific Archaeology 19. Stockholm: Universitetsservice US-AB.

Glykou, A., 2020a. Transitions during Neolithisation Processes in Southern Scandinavia: New Insights from Faunal Remains and Pottery from the Site Neustadt LA 156 in Northern Germany, in: Müller, J. and Ricci, A. 2020 (eds.), Past Societies: Human Development in Landscapes. Leiden: Sidestone Press, pp.13-26.

Glykou, A., Goldhammer, J. and S. Hartz 2014. Versunkene Steinzeit – Taucharchäologische Untersuchungen an der schleswig-holsteinischen Ostseeküste. In: F. Huber and S. Kleingärtner (Hrsg.), Gestrandet, Versenkt, Versunken - Faszination Unterwasserarchäologie (Neumünster/Hamburg 2014), 76-97.

Schmölcke, U., Glykou, A. and D. Heinrich 2007. Some aspects of the faunal development in the south-western Baltic area during the Littorina transgression. In: J. Harff and F. Lüth (eds.), SINCOS – Sinking Coasts. Geosphere, Ecosphere and Anthroposphere of the Holocene Southern Baltic Sea. Bericht der Römisch-Germanischen Komission 88, 205-217.


Peer-Reviewed Conference Proceedings

Glykou, A. 2020b. Seals on the ice: Integrating Archaeology, Zooarchaeology and Isotopic Studies to discuss some aspects on landscape use and subsistence choices in Stone Age coastal societies of the Baltic Sea. In: Almut Schülke (ed.) (2020.). The coastal landscapes of the Mesolithic. Perspectives on human-sea-relations between the Atlantic and the Baltic Sea. Taylor & Francis: Routledge, pp. 300-320.

Saul, H., Glykou, A. and O. Craig 2014. Stewing on a Theme of Cuisine. Biomolecular and Interpretive Approaches to Culinary Changes at the Transition to Agriculture. In A. Whittle and P. Bickle (eds.), Early Farmers. The view from Archaeology and Science. Proceedings of the British Academy 198, 197-213.

Glykou, A. 2013. Seal hunting at the Baltic Sea coast – a case study from the late Mesolithic and earliest Neolithic Neustadt in Holstein, Germany. In: O. Grimm and U. Schmölcke (eds.), Hunting in Northern Europe until 1500 AD – Old Traditions and Regional Developments, Continental Sources and Continental Influences. Schriften des Archäologischen Landesmuseums, Ergänzungsreihe, Bd. 7. Neumünster: Wachholtz Verlag, pp. 101-111.


Non Peer-Reviewed Conference Proceedings

Philippsen, B., Glykou, A. and H. Paulsen 2012. Kochversuche mit spitzbodigen Gefäßen der Ertebøllekultur und der Hartwassereffekt. Experimentelle Archäologie in Europa Bilanz 2012, 33-48.

Glykou, A. 2011. Neustadt LA 156: A submarine site from the Late Mesolithic-Ertebølle and earliest Neolithic-Funnel Beaker in Northern Germany – first results of the typological and technological analysis of the ceramics. Bericht der Römisch-Germanischen Kommission, Band 89 (2008), 277-286.

Glykou, A. 2010. Technological and typological analysis of Ertebølle and early Funnel Beaker pottery from Neustadt LA 156 and contemporary sites in northern Germany. In: B. Vanmontfort, L. Louwe Koojimans, L. Amkreutz and L. Verhart (eds.), Pots, Farmers and Foragers: Pottery traditions and social interaction in the earliest Neolithic of the lower Rhine Area. Archaeological Studies Leiden University 20, 177-188.


Non Peer-Reviewed Scientific Articles

Glykou, A. 2012. Pointed-based pottery: An experimental approach to the manufacturing of the pottery of the late Mesolithic in Northern Germany. The Old Potter´s Almanac vol. 17.

Schmölcke, U. and A. Glykou 2007. Pelikane, Schildkröten, Störe und Sattelrobben in Schleswig-Holstein. Exotik an der steinzeitlichen Ostsee. Schriften des Naturwissenschaftlichen Vereins für Schleswig-Holstein 69, 41-52.


Popular Scientific Articles

Piezonka, H., Glykou, A., Meadows, J. and B. Philippsen 2016. Krusten im Kochtopf- was die angebrannte Suppe erzählt. Archäologie in Deutschland 4, 31-35.

Hartz, S. and A. Glykou 2008. Neues aus Neustadt: Ausgrabungen zur Ertebølle- und frühen Trichterbecher-Kultur in Schleswig-Holstein. Archäologische Nachrichten aus Schleswig-Holstein, 17-19.

Schmölcke, U. and A. Glykou 2008. Die steinzeitliche Tierwelt in Norddeutschland – Ein Forschungsschwerpunkt der Schleswig-Kieler Archäozoologie, Archäologische Nachrichten Schleswig-Holstein, 20-21.


Book/chapter reviews

Glykou, A. 2018. Bjerck, H. B., Breivik, H. M., Fretheim, S. E.,  Piana, E. L., Skarr, B., Tivoli, A. M. and A. F. J. Zangrando (eds.) 2016. Marine Ventures: Archaeological Perspectives on Human-Sea Relations. Eqinox publishing, Sheffield. Primitider Tider 2018, 115-119.

Glykou, A., Mackowiak, E. and D. Wehner 2014. Recension: M. Lityńska-Zając/D. Makowicz-Poliszot/B. Sz. Szmoniewski/A. Tyniec/M. Wołoszyn, Stradów. Wczesnośredniowieczny zespół osadniczy. 2 Materiały archeobotaniczne i archeozoologiczne z badań na stanowisku 1 w latach 1956–1963. Polskie Badania Arch. 37 (Kraków 2010). Offa 67/68 (2010/11).


Unpublished reports

Glykou, A. 2015. Report on the ceramic inventories MLF00906-I, MLF00906-II and MLF00939, Lolland, Denmark.

Glykou, A. 2013a. Bericht über archäozoologische Untersuchungen an Knochen von den Suchschnitten Eddelak LA 15, SH2012-259. (Report on the faunal analysis of the test pits Eddelak LA 15, SH2012-259.

Glykou, A. 2013b. Ein Pferdeskellett von Meldorf Fnr. 1 SH2012-245 (A horse skeleton from the Meldorf Fnr. 1 SH2012-245).

Glykou, A. 2011a. Auswertung des Knocheninventars aus dem Fundort Tinnum, Sylt-Ost. (Report on the faunal assemblage of the site Fundort Tinnum, Sylt-Ost, Germany).

Glykou, A. 2011b. Auswertung des Knocheninventars aus dem Fundort ALT-List, Sylt. (Report on the faunal assemblage of the site ALT-List on the island Sylt, Germany).

Glykou, A. 2010. Die Tierknochen aus den neolithichen Fundinventar Zauschwitz (PEG-10). (The animal bones from the neolithic assemblage Zauschwitz (PEG-10).)

Glykou, A. 2009. Gutachten zur Fischknochen aus verschiedenen Fundinventaren in Stralsund. (Report on the faunal remains from diverse archaeological assemblages in Stralsund, Germany).

Glykou, A. 2008. Osteological report: Zominthos - the faunal remains from the excavations campaign.

Glykou, A. 2007. Keramik aus dem Mesolithischen Fundplatz Kayhude, Kr.Segeberg, Station LA 008. (Pottery from the Mesolithic site Kayhude, Kr.Segeberg, Station LA 008).