Profiles

Ari Klængur Jónsson

Ari Klængur Jónsson

Doktorand

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Arbetar vid Sociologiska institutionen
E-post ari.jonsson@sociology.su.se
Besöksadress Universitetsvägen 10 B, plan 8
Rum B 874
Postadress Sociologiska institutionen, Demografiska avdelningen 106 91 Stockholm

Om mig

Ari Klængur Jónsson joined SUDA as a doctoral student in sociological demography in January 2016. He has a master‘s degree in demography from Stockholm University (2015), a master‘s degree in social science research methods from the University of Bristol (2008), and a bachelor‘s degree in political science from the University of Iceland (2005). Ari‘s research is focused on fertility and family dynamics in modern Iceland and he is working with Icelandic register data. Ari has a student affiliation with Stockholm University SIMSAM Node for Demographic Research (SUNDEM) and the Linneaus Center on Social Policy and Family Dynamics in Europe (SPaDE).

Publikationer

I urval från Stockholms universitets publikationsdatabas
  • 2017. Ari Klaengur Jónsson. Demographic Research 37, 147-188

    BACKGROUND Iceland is one of the most gender-equal countries in the world, but one that does not seem to have experienced the same fertility fluctuations as most other countries, following the enhanced role of women in society. OBJECTIVE In this study we examine the childbearing trends in Iceland during 1982-2013 by analysing the progressions to parities one, two, and three. We also investigate whether there is evidence of gender preferences for children among Icelandic parents. METHODS Official individual longitudinal register data is used, covering the total female population born in Iceland between 1941 and 1997. The data is analysed by means of event history analysis. RESULTS We find evidence of tendencies to postpone motherhood during the period, with increases in fertility for women in their 30s and 40s. The propensity to have a second and a third child has not declined; on the contrary, these birth intensities have increased since the mid-1980s. Estimates suggest that Icelandic parents prefer to have daughters. CONCLUSIONS During a period of increased educational attainment and postponed family formation, the resilience of Icelandic fertility is intriguing. CONTRIBUTION The study provides the first comprehensive overview of fertility trends in Iceland.

  • 2018. Ari Klængur Jónsson. Demographic Research 39, 561-592

    Background: In the early 2000s, Iceland implemented one of the most gender-equal parental leave systems in the world, and at the same time increased the volume of public childcare. A few years later, in 2008, Iceland experienced a major economic crises that, among other things, lead to cutbacks in governmental spending and decreased support to families with children.

    Objective: The objective of this study is to provide insight into recent childbearing dynamics in Iceland and how they may be linked to recent social-policy reforms and the intervention of the economic crisis in 2008.

    Methods: We use official individual longitudinal register data covering the total female population born in Iceland between 1953 and 1997. We analyse the data by means of event history techniques.

    Results: We find that changes in the standardized birth rates coincide with the emergence of the reformed family-policy package: A declining trend in the age-standardized first-birth rate came to a halt, and the propensity to have a second and a third child increased. After the onset of the crisis, a trend of decreasing first-birth intensities reemerged and, in 2011, a turnaround to declining second- and third-birth rates.

    Conclusions: The development in the post-2008 period indicates that even in the most gender-equal settings, the gender balance in family care is still vulnerable, and that family policies cannot compensate in full for the impact of economic crisis on fertility.

    Contribution: The study highlights the interdependency of factors related to both social policy and the business cycle in relation to childbearing developments.

Visa alla publikationer av Ari Klængur Jónsson vid Stockholms universitet

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Senast uppdaterad: 8 november 2018

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