Profiles

Ari Klængur Jónsson

Ari Klængur Jónsson

Forskare

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Arbetar vid Sociologiska institutionen
E-post ari.jonsson@sociology.su.se
Besöksadress Universitetsvägen 10 B, plan 8
Rum B 874
Postadress Sociologiska institutionen, Demografiska avdelningen 106 91 Stockholm

Om mig

Ari Klængur Jónsson joined SUDA as a doctoral student in sociological demography in January 2016. He has a master‘s degree in demography from Stockholm University (2015), a master‘s degree in social science research methods from the University of Bristol (2008), and a bachelor‘s degree in political science from the University of Iceland (2005). Ari‘s research is focused on fertility and family dynamics in modern Iceland and he is working with Icelandic register data. Ari has a student affiliation with Stockholm University SIMSAM Node for Demographic Research (SUNDEM) and the Linneaus Center on Social Policy and Family Dynamics in Europe (SPaDE).

Publikationer

I urval från Stockholms universitets publikationsdatabas
  • 2017. Ari Klaengur Jónsson. Demographic Research 37, 147-188

    BACKGROUND Iceland is one of the most gender-equal countries in the world, but one that does not seem to have experienced the same fertility fluctuations as most other countries, following the enhanced role of women in society. OBJECTIVE In this study we examine the childbearing trends in Iceland during 1982-2013 by analysing the progressions to parities one, two, and three. We also investigate whether there is evidence of gender preferences for children among Icelandic parents. METHODS Official individual longitudinal register data is used, covering the total female population born in Iceland between 1941 and 1997. The data is analysed by means of event history analysis. RESULTS We find evidence of tendencies to postpone motherhood during the period, with increases in fertility for women in their 30s and 40s. The propensity to have a second and a third child has not declined; on the contrary, these birth intensities have increased since the mid-1980s. Estimates suggest that Icelandic parents prefer to have daughters. CONCLUSIONS During a period of increased educational attainment and postponed family formation, the resilience of Icelandic fertility is intriguing. CONTRIBUTION The study provides the first comprehensive overview of fertility trends in Iceland.

  • 2018. Ari Klængur Jónsson. Demographic Research 39, 561-592

    Background: In the early 2000s, Iceland implemented one of the most gender-equal parental leave systems in the world, and at the same time increased the volume of public childcare. A few years later, in 2008, Iceland experienced a major economic crises that, among other things, lead to cutbacks in governmental spending and decreased support to families with children.

    Objective: The objective of this study is to provide insight into recent childbearing dynamics in Iceland and how they may be linked to recent social-policy reforms and the intervention of the economic crisis in 2008.

    Methods: We use official individual longitudinal register data covering the total female population born in Iceland between 1953 and 1997. We analyse the data by means of event history techniques.

    Results: We find that changes in the standardized birth rates coincide with the emergence of the reformed family-policy package: A declining trend in the age-standardized first-birth rate came to a halt, and the propensity to have a second and a third child increased. After the onset of the crisis, a trend of decreasing first-birth intensities reemerged and, in 2011, a turnaround to declining second- and third-birth rates.

    Conclusions: The development in the post-2008 period indicates that even in the most gender-equal settings, the gender balance in family care is still vulnerable, and that family policies cannot compensate in full for the impact of economic crisis on fertility.

    Contribution: The study highlights the interdependency of factors related to both social policy and the business cycle in relation to childbearing developments.

  • 2020. Ari Klængur Jónsson. European Journal of Population
  • 2019. Chiara Ludovica Comolli (et al.).

    This study investigates fertility responses to the business cycle in the Nordic countries by comparing period variation in women’s childbearing propensity. We harmonize register data from Denmark, Finland, Iceland, Norway and Sweden to compare childbearing in the aftermath of the two most recent crises that hit those economies: the 1990s and 2010s. We use event-history techniques to present parity-specific fertility, by calendar year, relative to a defined pre-recession year. We further examine any possible impact of the two recessions by women’s age and education. Results show a large heterogeneity across the five Nordic countries in the childbearing developments after 1990. This variation largely disappears after 2008 when period trends in birth hazards become more similar across countries. Likewise, the educational differences that characterized the variation in childbearing relative risk after 1990 considerably diminish in the years after 2010, especially for first and second births. Economic theories do not suffice to explain this reversal from the heterogeneity of the 1990s to the homogeneity of the 2010s in the childbearing response to recession episodes across countries and socioeconomic groups. Our findings suggest the need to expand the theoretical framework explaining the cyclicality of fertility towards the perception of economic and welfare uncertainty.

  • Artikel Friends or foes
    Ari Klængur Jónsson.

    Research findings usually suggest that premarital cohabitation is associated with increased risk of marital dissolution. In Iceland, cohabitation has been semi-formalized and if people register cohabitation they acquire certain rights and undertake some obligations. Using data on register cohabitation thus enables us to investigate the proposed association from a somewhat different perspective. The data allow us to focus on couples that intend to live together while weeding out couples that merely “drift” into coresidential unions. We use administrative population register data in our calculations covering all women born in Iceland during 1962–2013, their childbearing and union histories. We analyse the data by means of event history techniques and present the results as relative risks of union dissolution. Our estimates indicate that premarital registered cohabitation in Iceland is associated with lower risk of marital break-ups, and that this finding is quite robust. We do not detect any changes in the relationship during the study period (1995–2013). We interpret the Icelandic-specific findings in support of a trial marriage hypothesis, suggesting that semi-formalized cohabitation results in lower risks of divorce.

Visa alla publikationer av Ari Klængur Jónsson vid Stockholms universitet

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Senast uppdaterad: 25 maj 2020

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