Felix Neumann


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Arbetar vid Institutionen för biokemi och biofysik
Besöksadress Tomtebodavägen 23a, 171 65 Solna
Postadress Institutionen för biokemi och biofysik 106 91 Stockholm


I urval från Stockholms universitets publikationsdatabas
  • 2019. Iván Hernández-Neuta (et al.). Journal of Internal Medicine 285 (1), 19-39

    Recent advancements in bioanalytical techniques have led to the development of novel and robust diagnostic approaches that hold promise for providing optimal patient treatment, guiding prevention programs and widening the scope of personalized medicine. However, these advanced diagnostic techniques are still complex, expensive and limited to centralized healthcare facilities or research laboratories. This significantly hinders the use of evidence-based diagnostics for resource-limited settings and the primary care, thus creating a gap between healthcare providers and patients, leaving these populations without access to precision and quality medicine. Smartphone-based imaging and sensing platforms are emerging as promising alternatives for bridging this gap and decentralizing diagnostic tests offering practical features such as portability, cost-effectiveness and connectivity. Moreover, towards simplifying and automating bioanalytical techniques, biosensors and lab-on-a-chip technologies have become essential to interface and integrate these assays, bringing together the high precision and sensitivity of diagnostic techniques with the connectivity and computational power of smartphones. Here, we provide an overview of the emerging field of clinical smartphone diagnostics and its contributing technologies, as well as their wide range of areas of application, which span from haematology to digital pathology and rapid infectious disease diagnostics.

  • 2019. Ruben R. G. Soares (et al.). Biosensors & bioelectronics 128, 68-75

    The rapid and sensitive detection of specific nucleic acid sequences at the point-of-care (PoC) is becoming increasingly in demand for a variety of emergent biomedical applications ranging from infectious disease diagnostics to the screening of antimicrobial resistance. To meet such demand, considerable efforts have been invested towards the development of portable and integrated analytical devices combining microfluidics with miniaturized signal transducers. Here, we demonstrate the combination of rolling circle amplification (RCA)-based nucleic acid amplification with an on-chip size-selective trapping of amplicons on silica beads (similar to 8 nL capture chamber) coupled with a thin-film photodiode (200 x 200 mu m area) fluorescence readout. Parameters such as the flow rate of the amplicon solution and trapping time were optimized as well as the photodiode measurement settings, providing minimum detection limits below 0.5 fM of targeted nucleic acids and requiring only 5 mu L of pre-amplified sample. Finally, we evaluated the analytical performance of our approach by benchmarking it against a commercial instrument for RCA product (RCP) quantification and further investigated the effect of the number of RCA cycles and elongation times (ranging from 10 to 120 min). Moreover, we provide a demonstration of the application for diagnostic purposes by detecting RNA from influenza and Ebola viruses, thus highlighting its suitability for integrated PoC systems.

  • 2019. Sibel Ciftci (et al.). Scientific Reports 9

    The establishment of a robust detection platform for RNA viruses still remains a challenge in molecular diagnostics due to their high mutation rates. Newcastle disease virus (NDV) is one such RNA avian virus with a hypervariable genome and multiple genotypes. Classical approaches like virus isolation, serology, immunoassays and RT-PCR are cumbersome, and limited in terms of specificity and sensitivity. Padlock probes (PLPs) are known for allowing the detection of multiple nucleic acid targets with high specificity, and in combination with Rolling circle amplification (RCA) have permitted the development of versatile pathogen detection assays. In this work, we aimed to detect hypervariable viruses by developing a novel PLP design strategy capable of tolerating mutations while preserving high specificity by targeting several moderately conserved regions and using degenerate bases. For this, we designed nine padlock probes based on the alignment of 335 sequences covering both Class I and II NDV. Our PLP design showed high coverage and specificity for the detection of eight out of ten reported genotypes of Class II NDV field isolated strains, yielding a detection limit of less than ten copies of viral RNA. Further taking advantage of the multiplex capability of PLPs, we successfully extended the assay for the simultaneous detection of three poultry RNA viruses (NDV, IBV and AIV) and combined it with a paper based microfluidic enrichment read-out for digital quantification. In summary, our novel PLP design addresses the current issue of tolerating mutations of highly emerging virus strains with high sensitivity and specificity.

  • 2018. Felix Neumann (et al.). Clinical Chemistry 64 (12), 1704-1712

    BACKGROUND: Influenza remains a constant threat worldwide, and WHO estimates that it affects 5% to 15% of the global population each season, with an associated 3 to 5 million severe cases and up to 500000 deaths. To limit the morbidity and the economic burden of influenza, improved diagnostic assays are needed. METHODS: We developed a multiplexed assay for the detection and subtyping of seasonal influenza based on padlock probes and rolling circle amplification. The assay simultaneously targets all 8 genome segments of the 4 circulating influenza variants-A(H1N1), A(H3N2), B/Yamagata, and B/Victoria-and was combined with a prototype cartridge for inexpensive digital quantification. Characterized virus isolates and patient nasopharyngeal swabs were used for assay design and analytical validation. The diagnostic performance was assessed by blinded testing of 50 clinical samples analyzed in parallel with a commercial influenza assay, Simplexa (TM) Flu A/B & RSV Direct. RESULTS: The assay had a detection limit of 18 viral RNA copies and achieved 100% analytical and clinical specificity for differential detection and subtyping of seasonal circulating influenza variants. The diagnostic sensitivity on the 50 clinical samples was 77.5% for detecting influenza and up to 73% for subtyping seasonal variants. CONCLUSIONS: We have presented a proof-of-concept padlock probe assay combined with an inexpensive digital read-out for the detection and subtyping of seasonal influenza strains A and B. The demonstrated high specificity and multiplexing capability, together with the digital quantification, established the assay as a promising diagnostic tool for seasonal influenza.

  • 2018. Felix Neumann (et al.). Sensors and actuators. B, Chemical 273, 742-750

    The development of piezoelectric mass-sensitive devices is based on the shift in resonance frequency that is proportional to the deposited mass. However, this holds true only for small, rigid masses, while it can result in mass underestimation for heavy, non-rigid masses. In this work, we demonstrate this 'missing mass' phenomenon by measurement of high molecular weight biomolecules on a Quartz Crystal Microbalance (QCM) platform. For this, we present a model bioassay consisting of a sandwich-type proximity ligation assay for the detection of norovirus-like particles, and its real-time build-up on QCM as an experimental evidence. Upon combination with a localized QCM platform, we explain the pronounced slipping effect in multilayer biological systems resulting in energy dissipation and subsequent mass underestimation. This helps in pointing out the limitations of mega-gravity field sensors for molecular diagnostics where absolute quantification of pathogen load becomes indispensable towards biosensing applications.

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Senast uppdaterad: 29 augusti 2019

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