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Ghazaleh Vafaeian

Postdoktor

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Arbetar vid Institutionen för lingvistik
E-post ghazaleh@ling.su.se
Besöksadress Universitetsvägen 10 C, plan 2-3
Rum C228
Postadress Institutionen för lingvistik 106 91 Stockholm

Om mig

Postdoc

Institutionen för lingvistik

I am interested in the grammaticalization of progressive patterns to imperfective ones from a typological perspective. In my post-doc project I am working with the Parallel Bible Corpus where I detect and analyze the uses of progressives with extended uses, e.g. patterns that are used for marking ongoing events but also occur with stative predicates and/or in habitual contexts. The Parallel Bible Corpus includes more than 1100 languages and is automatically annotated for part of speech categories. This enables a comparison of the distribution of patterns among those languages that have the patterns targeted by the study. 

My previous work includes the typology of progressives using the Parallel Bible Corpus, progressives in contact among a number of Caspian languages, the uses and origin of the dāštan-progressive in Persian as well as the typology of suppletion in nouns and adjectives.

Publikationer

I urval från Stockholms universitets publikationsdatabas
  • 2013. Ghazaleh Vafaeian. Sprachtypologie und Universalienforschung 66 (2), 112-140

    This article presents a sample-based typological account of suppletion in nouns and adjectives. The distribution of the grammatical categories involved in the suppletive forms is presented along with the lexical meanings most commonly found to be suppletive. It is demonstrated that nominal suppletion is not a rare phenomenon and most commonly involves the feature number followed by possession. The noun ‘child’ is the most common suppletive noun. In general, nouns referring to humans are more likely to be suppletive than others. The investigation shows that adjectival suppletion is less common than nominal suppletion and affects frequent adjectives with general meanings of the types value and size.

  • 2018. Ghazaleh Vafaeian (et al.).

    Progressives are grammatical patterns primarily used to refer to events that are ongoing at a specific time. This thesis investigates uses of such patterns in a number of languages as well as the interaction of a number of progressives in contact. The dissertation includes a typological study of the uses of 89 progressive patterns in two parallel corpora, an investigation of the uses and origin of the Persian dāštan progressive and an areal linguistic investigation of 50 Iranian varieties spoken around the Caspian Sea.

    The dissertation presents features that increase the likelihood that a progressive is used. Such features are 1) a focalized (punctual) reference point, 2) the engagement or ‘busyness’ of the agentive subject on the event, 3) an emotive component and 4) the desire to turn the attention of the addressee towards an ongoing event. The significance of these features is expected to weaken as progressives grammaticalize.

    There is a cross-linguistic tendency for progressives to occur more often with present time reference than with past time reference. In some cases, they are even restricted to the former. Among the varieties of the Iranian language Taleshi, on the other hand, we find asymmetric temporal paradigms as a consequence of former progressive patterns having expanded and lost their progressive character in the present but not in the past.

    The study also shows that progressives are used differently in the present and the past: while events with present time reference often have the features mentioned above in 1-4, events with past time reference are often, although not exclusively, background contexts to other events pushing the narration forward.

    The thesis also discusses various peripheral uses of progressives, such as uses in habitual and performative-like contexts, proximative, iterative and futurate uses, uses with stative verbs and temporary and subjective uses. Some of these tend to be found in patterns with higher frequencies and can be regarded as expansions towards the imperfective. Other uses are linked to the type of event to which the progressive applies: the proximative reading is shown to arise with achievements and the iterative use with repeated punctual events.  

    The data from the varieties of the Iranian languages Mazandarani, Gilaki, Taleshi and Tati, as well as from varieties under the influence of Persian, suggests that the progressive in these varieties is highly borrowable. Among the varieties discussed in Chapter 5, an areal cline is noted where constructional schemas used for ongoing events shift towards the imperfective. In the borrowing process, on occasion, a shift from progressive to proximative is also noted. As expected, the data from Caspian varieties shows that there are more progressive patterns than imperfective patterns.

Visa alla publikationer av Ghazaleh Vafaeian vid Stockholms universitet

Senast uppdaterad: 16 september 2020

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