Profiles

Katharina Pawlowski

Katharina Pawlowski

Professor

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Arbetar vid Institutionen för ekologi miljö och botanik
Telefon 08-16 37 72
E-post katharina.pawlowski@su.se
Besöksadress Svante Arrhenius väg 20 A
Rum N424
Postadress Institutionen för ekologi miljö och botanik 106 91 Stockholm

Publikationer

I urval från Stockholms universitets publikationsdatabas
  • 2015. Tomas Persson (et al.). PLoS ONE 10 (5)

    Frankia strains are nitrogen-fixing soil actinobacteria that can form root symbioses with actinorhizal plants. Phylogenetically, symbiotic frankiae can be divided into three clusters, and this division also corresponds to host specificity groups. The strains of cluster II which form symbioses with actinorhizal Rosales and Cucurbitales, thus displaying a broad host range, show suprisingly low genetic diversity and to date can not be cultured. The genome of the first representative of this cluster, Candidatus Frankia datiscae Dg1 (Dg1), a microsymbiont of Datisca glomerata, was recently sequenced. A phylogenetic analysis of 50 different housekeeping genes of Dg1 and three published Frankia genomes showed that cluster II is basal among the symbiotic Frankia clusters. Detailed analysis showed that nodules of Datisca glomerata, independent of the origin of the inoculum, contain several closely related cluster II Frankia operational taxonomic units. Actinorhizal plants and legumes both belong to the nitrogen-fixing plant clade, and bacterial signaling in both groups involves the common symbiotic pathway also used by arbuscular mycorrhizal fungi. However, so far, no molecules resembling rhizobial Nod factors could be isolated from Frankia cultures. Alone among Frankia genomes available to date, the genome of Dg1 contains the canonical nod genes nodA, nodB and nodC known from rhizobia, and these genes are arranged in two operons which are expressed in Datisca glomerata nodules. Furthermore, Frankia Dg1 nodC was able to partially complement a Rhizobium leguminosarum A34 nodC::Tn5 mutant. Phylogenetic analysis showed that Dg1 Nod proteins are positioned at the root of both alpha- and beta-rhizobial NodABC proteins. NodA-like acyl transferases were found across the phylum Actinobacteria, but among Proteobacteria only in nodulators. Taken together, our evidence indicates an Actinobacterial origin of rhizobial Nod factors.

  • 2007. Anke Sirrenberg (et al.). Physiologia Plantarum 131, 581–589

    Piriformospora indica has been shown to improve the growth of many plant species including Arabidopsis thaliana, but the mechanism by which this is achieved is still unclear. Arabidopsis root colonization by P. indica was examined in sterile culture on the medium of Murashige and Skoog. P. indica formed intracellular structures in Arabidopsis root epidermal cells and caused changes in root growth, leading to stunted and highly branched root systems. This effect was because of a diffusible factor and could be mimicked by IAA. In addition, P. indica was shown to produce IAA in liquid culture. We suggest that auxin production affecting root growth is responsible for, or at least contributes to, the beneficial effect of P. indica on its host plants.

  • 2012. Katharina Pawlowski, Kirill N. Demchenko. Protoplasma 249 (4), 967-979

    Filamentous aerobic soil actinobacteria of the genus Frankia can induce the formation of nitrogen-fixing nodules on the roots of a diverse group of plants from eight dicotyledonous families, collectively called actinorhizal plants. Within nodules, Frankia can fix nitrogen while being hosted inside plant cells. Like in legume/rhizobia symbioses, bacteria can enter the plant root either intracellularly through an infection thread formed in a curled root hair, or intercellularly without root hair involvement, and the entry mechanism is determined by the host plant species. Nodule primordium formation is induced in the root pericycle as for lateral root primordia. Mature actinorhizal nodules are coralloid structures consisting of multiple lobes, each of which represents a modified lateral root without a root cap, a superficial periderm and with infected cells in the expanded cortex. In this review, an overview of nodule induction mechanisms and nodule structure is presented including comparisons with the corresponding mechanisms in legume symbioses.

  • 2011. Katharina Pawlowski (et al.). New Phytologist 189 (2), 568-579

    • Jasmonic acid (JA) is a plant signalling compound that has been implicated in theregulation of mutualistic symbioses. In order to understand the spatial distributionof JA biosynthetic capacity in nodules of two actinorhizal species, Casaurina glauca and Datisca glomerata, and one legume, Medicago truncatula, we determined thelocalization of allene oxide cyclase (AOC) which catalyses a committed step inJA biosynthesis. In all nodule types analysed, AOC was detected exclusively inuninfected cells.

    • The levels of JA were compared in the roots and nodules of the three plantspecies. The nodules and noninoculated roots of the two actinorhizal species, andthe root systems of M. truncatula, noninoculated or nodulated with wild-type Sinorhizobium meliloti or with mutants unable to fix nitrogen, did not showsignificant differences in JA levels. However, JA levels in all plant organs examined increased significantly on mechanical disturbance.

    • To study whether JA played a regulatory role in the nodules of M. truncatula, composite plants containing roots expressing an MtAOC1-sense or MtAOC1-RNAi construct were inoculated with S. meliloti. Neither an increase nor reductionin AOC levels resulted in altered nodule formation.

    • These data suggest that jasmonates are not involved in the development andfunction of root nodules.

Visa alla publikationer av Katharina Pawlowski vid Stockholms universitet

Senast uppdaterad: 5 oktober 2018

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