Robert Daniels

Robert Daniels


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Arbetar vid Institutionen för biokemi och biofysik
Telefon 08-16 24 60
Besöksadress Svante Arrhenius väg 16
Rum A 423
Postadress Institutionen för biokemi och biofysik 106 91 Stockholm


I urval från Stockholms universitets publikationsdatabas
  • 2018. Dan Dou (et al.). Frontiers in Immunology 9

    Influenza viruses replicate within the nucleus of the host cell. This uncommon RNA virus trait provides influenza with the advantage of access to the nuclear machinery during replication. However, it also increases the complexity of the intracellular trafficking that is required for the viral components to establish a productive infection. The segmentation of the influenza genome makes these additional trafficking requirements especially challenging, as each viral RNA (vRNA) gene segment must navigate the network of cellular membrane barriers during the processes of entry and assembly. To accomplish this goal, influenza A viruses (IAVs) utilize a combination of viral and cellular mechanisms to coordinate the transport of their proteins and the eight vRNA gene segments in and out of the cell. The aim of this review is to present the current mechanistic understanding for how IAVs facilitate cell entry, replication, virion assembly, and intercellular movement, in an effort to highlight some of the unanswered questions regarding the coordination of the IAV infection process.

  • 2018. Shady Younis (et al.). Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America 115 (16), e3808-E3816

    The zinc finger CCCH-type containing 11A (ZC3H11A) gene encodes a well-conserved zinc finger protein that may function in mRNA export as it has been shown to associate with the transcription export (TREX) complex in proteomic screens. Here, we report that ZC3H11A is a stress-induced nuclear protein with RNA-binding capacity that localizes to nuclear splicing speckles. During an adenovirus infection, the ZC3H11A protein and splicing factor SRSF2 relocalize to nuclear regions where viral DNA replication and transcription take place. Knockout (KO) of ZC3H11A in HeLa cells demonstrated that several nuclear-replicating viruses are dependent on ZC3H11A for efficient growth (HIV, influenza virus, herpes simplex virus, and adenovirus), whereas cytoplasmic replicating viruses are not (vaccinia virus and Semliki Forest virus). High-throughput sequencing of ZC3H11A-cross-linked RNA showed that ZC3H11A binds to short purine-rich ribonucleotide stretches in cellular and adenoviral transcripts. We show that the RNA-binding property of ZC3H11A is crucial for its function and localization. In ZC3H11A KO cells, the adenovirus fiber mRNA accumulates in the cell nucleus. Our results suggest that ZC3H11A is important for maintaining nuclear export of mRNAs during stress and that several nuclear-replicating viruses take advantage of this mechanism to facilitate their replication.

  • Johan Nordholm (et al.). Journal of Cell Biology

    A primary function of 5’ regions in many secretory protein mRNAs is to encode an endoplasmic reticulum (ER) targeting sequence. Here we show the regions coding for the ER-targeting sequences of the influenza proteins NA and HA also function as translational regulatory elements, which are controlled by the viral RNA-binding protein NS1. The translational increase depends on the nucleotide composition of the NA and HA ER-targeting sequences, their 5’ positioning, and is facilitated by the NS1 RNA-binding domain, which can associate with ER membranes. Inserting the ER-targeting sequence coding region of NA into different 5’UTRs confirmed that NS1 can promote the translation of secretory protein mRNAs based on the nucleotides within this region rather than the resulting amino acids. By analysing human protein mRNA sequences we found evidence that this mechanism of using 5’ coding regions and particular RNA-binding proteins to achieve gene-specific regulation may extend to human secreted proteins.

  • 2017. Dan Dou (et al.). Cell reports 20 (1), 251-263

    Genome delivery to the proper cellular compartment for transcription and replication is a primary goal of viruses. However, methods for analyzing viral genome localization and differentiating genomes with high identity are lacking, making it difficult to investigate entry-related processes and co-examine heterogeneous RNA viral populations. Here, we present an RNA labeling approach for single-cell analysis of RNA viral replication and co-infection dynamics in situ, which uses the versatility of padlock probes. We applied this method to identify influenza A virus (IAV) infections in cells and lung tissue with single-nucleotide specificity and to classify entry and replication stages by gene segment localization. Extending the classification strategy to co-infections of IAVs with single-nucleotide variations, we found that the dependence on intracellular trafficking places a time restriction on secondary co-infections necessary for genome reassortment. Altogether, these data demonstrate how RNA viral genome labeling can help dissect entry and co-infections.

  • 2015. Diogo V. da Silva (et al.). Journal of Virology 89 (2), 1094-1104

    Transmembrane domains (TMDs) from single-spanning membrane proteins are commonly viewed as membrane anchors for functional domains. Influenza virus neuraminidase (NA) exemplifies this concept, as it retains enzymatic function upon proteolytic release from the membrane. However, the subtype 1 NA TMDs have become increasingly more polar in human strains since 1918, which suggests that selection pressure exists on this domain. Here, we investigated the N1 TMD-head domain relationship by exchanging a prototypical old TMD (1933) with a recent (2009), more polar TMD and an engineered hydrophobic TMD. Each exchange altered the TMD association, decreased the NA folding efficiency, and significantly reduced viral budding and replication at 37 degrees C compared to at 33 degrees C, at which NA folds more efficiently. Passaging the chimera viruses at 37 degrees C restored the NA folding efficiency, viral budding, and infectivity by selecting for NA TMD mutations that correspond with their polar or hydrophobic assembly properties. These results demonstrate that single-spanning membrane protein TMDs can influence distal domain folding, as well as membrane-related processes, and suggest the NA TMD in H1N1 viruses has become more polar to maintain compatibility with the evolving enzymatic head domain. IMPORTANCE The neuranainidase (NA) protein from influenza A viruses (IAVs) functions to promote viral release and is one of the major surface antigens. The receptor-destroying activity in NA resides in the distal head domain that is linked to the viral membrane by an N-terminal hydrophobic transmembrane domain (TMD). Over the last century, the subtype 1 NA TMDs (N1) in human H1N1 viruses have become increasingly more polar, and the head domains have changed to alter their antigenicity. Here, we provide the first evidence that an old N1 head domain from 1933 is incompatible with a recent (2009), more polar N1 TMD sequence and that, during viral replication, the head domain drives the selection of TMD mutations. These mutations modify the intrinsic TMD assembly to restore the head domain folding compatibility and the resultant budding deficiency. This likely explains why the N1 TMDs have become more polar and suggests the N1 TMD and head domain have coevolved.

  • 2014. Dan Dou (et al.). Molecular Biology of the Cell 25 (21), 3363-3374

    Membrane insertion by the Sec61 translocon in the endoplasmic reticulum (ER) is highly dependent on hydrophobicity. This places stringent hydrophobicity requirements on transmembrane domains (TMDs) from single-spanning membrane proteins. On examining the single-spanning influenza A membrane proteins, we found that the strict hydrophobicity requirement applies to the N-out-C-in HA and M2 TMDs but not the N-in-C-out TMDs from the type II membrane protein neuraminidase (NA). To investigate this discrepancy, we analyzed NA TMDs of varying hydrophobicity, followed by increasing polypeptide lengths, in mammalian cells and ER microsomes. Our results show that the marginally hydrophobic NA TMDs (Delta G(app) > 0 kcal/mol) require the cotranslational insertion process for facilitating their inversion during translocation and a positively charged N-terminal flanking residue and that NA inversion enhances its plasma membrane localization. Overall the cotranslational inversion of marginally hydrophobic NA TMDs initiates once similar to 70 amino acids past the TMD are synthesized, and the efficiency reaches 50% by similar to 100 amino acids, consistent with the positioning of this TMD class in type II human membrane proteins. Inversion of the M2 TMD, achieved by elongating its C-terminus, underscores the contribution of cotranslational synthesis to TMD inversion.

  • 2013. Diogo V. da Silva (et al.). Journal of Biological Chemistry 288 (1), 644-653

    Neuraminidase (NA) is one of the two major influenza surface antigens and the main influenza drug target. Although NA has been well characterized and thought to function as a tetramer, the role of the transmembrane domain (TMD) in promoting proper NA assembly has not been systematically studied. Here, we demonstrate that in the absence of the TMD, NA is synthesized and transported in a predominantly inactive state. Substantial activity was rescued by progressive truncations of the stalk domain, suggesting the TMD contributes to NA maturation by tethering the stalk to the membrane. To analyze how the TMD supports NA assembly, the TMD was examined by itself. The NA TMD formed a homotetramer and efficiently trafficked to the plasma membrane, indicating the TMD and enzymatic head domain drive assembly together through matching oligomeric states. In support of this, an unrelated strong oligomeric TMD rescued almost full NA activity, whereas the weak oligomeric mutant of this TMD restored only half of wild type activity. These data illustrate that a large soluble domain can force assembly with a poorly compatible TMD; however, optimal assembly requires coordinated oligomerization between the TMD and the soluble domain.

  • 2013. Johan Nordholm (et al.). Journal of Biological Chemistry 288 (15), 10652-10660

    Interactions that facilitate transmembrane domain (TMD) dimerization have been identified mainly using synthetic TMDs. Here, we investigated how inherent properties within natural TMDs modulate their interaction strength by exploiting the sequence variation in the nine neuraminidase subtypes (N1-N9) and the prior knowledge that a N1 TMD oligomerizes. Initially, consensus TMDs were created from the influenza A virus database, and their interaction strengths were measured in a biological membrane system. The TMD interactions increased with respect to decreasing hydrophobicity across the subtypes (N1-N9) and within the human N1 subtype where the N1 TMDs from the pandemic H1N1 strain of swine origin were found to be significantly less hydrophobic. The hydrophobicity correlation was attributed to the conserved amphipathicity within the TMDs as the interactions were abolished by mutating residues on the polar faces that are unfavorably positioned in the membrane. Similarly, local changes enhanced the interactions only when a larger polar residue existed on the appropriate face in an unfavorable membrane position. Together, the analysis of this unique natural TMD data set demonstrates how polar-mediated TMD interactions from bitopic proteins depend on which polar residues are involved and their positioning with respect to the helix and the membrane bilayer.

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Senast uppdaterad: 1 oktober 2020

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