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Sandra Stålhandske

Sandra Stålhandske

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Arbetar vid Zoologiska institutionen
Telefon 08-16 40 58
E-post sandra.stalhandske@zoologi.su.se
Besöksadress Svante Arrheniusväg 18 B
Rum D 525
Postadress Zoologiska institutionen: Etologi 106 91 Stockholm

Publikationer

I urval från Stockholms universitets publikationsdatabas
  • Sandra Stålhandske, Karl Gotthard, Olof Leimar.
  • 2017. Sandra Stålhandske, Karl Gotthard, Olof Leimar. Journal of Animal Ecology 86 (4), 718-729

    1. Understanding and predicting phenology has become more important with ongoing cli- mate change and has brought about great research efforts in the recent decades. The majority of studies examining spring phenology of insects have focussed on the effects of spring temperatures alone.

    2. Here we use citizen-collected observation data to show that winter cold duration, in addi- tion to spring temperature, can affect the spring emergence of butterflies. Using spatial mixed models, we disentangle the effects of climate variables and reveal impacts of both spring and winter conditions for five butterfly species that overwinter as pupae across the UK, with data from 1976 to 2013 and one butterfly species in Sweden, with data from 2001 to 2013.

    3. Warmer springs lead to earlier emergence in all species and milder winters lead to statisti- cally significant delays in three of the five investigated species. We also find that the delaying effect of winter warmth has become more pronounced in the last decade, during which time winter durations have become shorter.

    4. For one of the studied species, Anthocharis cardamines (orange tip butterfly), we also make use of parameters determined from previous experiments on pupal development to model the spring phenology. Using daily temperatures in the UK and Sweden, we show that recent vari- ation in spring temperature corresponds to 10–15 day changes in emergence time over UK and Sweden, whereas variation in winter duration corresponds to 20 days variation in the south of the UK versus only 3 days in the south of Sweden.

    5. In summary, we show that short winters delay phenology. The effect is most prominent in areas with particularly mild winters, emphasising the importance of winter for the response of ectothermic animals to climate change. With climate change, these effects may become even stronger and apply also at higher latitudes. 

  • 2016. Sandra Stålhandske (et al.). Biological Journal of the Linnean Society 119 (4), 1060-1067

    An insect species that shows variation in host species association across its geographical range may do so either because of local adaptation in host plant preference of the insect, or through environmentally or genetically induced differences in the plants, causing variation in host plant suitability between regions. Here we experimentally investigate host plant preference of Anthocharis cardamines (orange tip butterfly) of two populations from UK and two from Sweden. Previous reports indicate that A. cardamines larvae are found on different host plant species in different regions of the United Kingdom, and some variation has been reported in Sweden. Host plant choice trials showed that females prefer to oviposit on plants in an earlier phenological stage, as well as on larger plants. When controlling for plant phenological stage and size, the host species had no statistically significant effect on the choice of the females. Moreover, there were no differences in host plant species preference among the four butterfly populations. Based on our experiment, the oviposition choice by A. cardamines mainly depends on the phenological stage and the size of the host plant. This finding supports the idea that the geographical patterns of host-plant association of A. cardamines in the UK and Sweden are consequences of the phenology and availability of local hosts, rather than regional genetic differences in host species preference of the butterfly.

Visa alla publikationer av Sandra Stålhandske vid Stockholms universitet

Senast uppdaterad: 3 september 2018

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