Profiles

Tove Sohlberg

Tove Sohlberg

Forskare

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Arbetar vid Sociologiska institutionen
E-post tove.sohlberg@sociology.su.se
Besöksadress Universitetsvägen 10 B, plan 9
Rum B 962
Postadress Sociologiska institutionen 106 91 Stockholm

Om mig

Tove Sohlberg är forskare och lärare på Sociologiska institutionen.

Tove arbetar främst med frågor gällande bruk av  tobak, men också av alkohol och narkotika, utifrån ett samhällsvetenskapligt perspektiv. Forskningen inkluderar bland annat konsumtionsutveckling men också de förändringar i samhället som påverkar detta samt olika policybeslut och dess inverkan på individen. 

Nuvarande forskningsprojekt syftar till att undersöka vilka faktorer som bidrar till en långsiktig, stabil, rökfrihet. 

Undervisning

Tove Sohlberg har undervisat på Sociologiska institutionen, främst inom metod, på  kursen Sociologisk Analys och ger nu också kursen Tillämpad Samhällsanalys på kandidatprogrammet för Samhällsanalys, femte terminen. Utöver detta har hon tidigare ansvarat för kursen Samhällsproblem.

 

Forskning

Tove arbetade tidigare på Centrum för socialvetenskaplig alkohol- och drogforskning (SoRAD), Stockholms universitet, med frågor gällande olika typer av substansbruk. Intresset för speciellt tobak ledde till en doktorsavhandling år 2014. Detta avhandlingsprojekt, ”Olika vägar till rökfrihet”, analyserade förändringarna i den svenska tobakskonsumtionen över tid utifrån olika vinklar, som exempelvis förändringar i samhället, och med ett fokus på skillnader mellan olika grupper i befolkningen utifrån klass och genus.  

Det nuvarande forskningsprojektet, ”Långtidsuppföljning av före detta rökare”, som bedrivs på Sociologiska institutionen, syftar till att se vilka faktorer som bidrar, eller hindrar, en långsiktig och stabil rökfrihet genom att följa upp de individer som deltog i enkät- och intervjuundersökningen i avhandlingsprojektet.

Publikationer

I urval från Stockholms universitets publikationsdatabas
  • 2014. Tove Sohlberg, Jan Blomqvist, Pekka Hakkarainen.

    Research on smoking has to a great deal been conducted within a public health or a medical context, or focused on policy making. Fewer studies have taken their point of departure in a social sciences context, and still fewer have analysed why individuals start and cease to smoke, and how and why smoking patterns on an aggregate level change over time and vary between different population groups.

    The aim of this dissertation is to analyse changes in the Swedish tobacco consumption with special emphasis at elucidating the decrease in smoking during the past half-century from different angels. Thus, the first paper explore if and how changes in smoking patterns can be understood and explained with reference to Sweden’s development as a welfare state, and in relation to socio-demographic and socio-economic circumstances. The second paper focuses on the long-term pathways to smoking cessation, by discerning several distinct trajectories from smoker to non-smoker. The third paper analyses gender differences with regard to reasons to smoke, experiences of smoking, and central elements in the cessation process. Finally, in the fourth paper, the issue of to what extent smoking cessation can be described as a process of identity change is explored.  

    Smoking initiation and cessation vary by socio-demographic and socio-economic factors, and the rapid decrease in smoking has resulted in a rather vulnerable group of smokers in these aspects. The results also indicate that the cessation process is complex, with personal and structural factors interacting in the long-term process, leading to multiple pathways to a smoke-free life. Moreover, they point to gender differences in reasons to smoke and to quit, and in strategies to quit smoking. In addition, identity change seems to be important in remaining smoke-free. The stated inequality in gender and class points in the direction that structural changes and social policies might be of need to decrease smoking even further.

  • 2014. Tove Sohlberg, Peter Wennberg. Drugs and alcohol today 14 (2), 96-106

    Purpose – To a great extent research about smoking cessation has focussed on effects from different support programs and means, in spite of that several studies have shown that over 90 percent quit smoking without such help. Factors that are important for the individual in the process from being a smoker to becoming smoke-free is less examined and also how these factors interact. The purpose of this paper is to describe typical careers or pathways that end up with a successful smoking cessation.

    Design/methodology/approach – Respondents were recruited during Oct 2009-May 2010 via screening-questions in the so-called Monitor – project. By the turn of each month 1,500 individuals, aged 16-84, from a representative sample in the Swedish population, were interviewed via telephone. Respondents who stated being previous daily smokers, but smoke-free for at least 12 months, and agreed to participate were asked to answer a postal survey (n=¼1,683) concerning their process to a smoke-free life. The analyses of data included the linking of individuals between different states in the stages toward becoming smoke-free.

    Findings – Several typical pathways were described and respondents with more severe smoking habits followed different pathways than individuals with milder problems. Nicotine replacement therapys or Swedish smoke-free tobacco was not found to be a component in any of the typical pathways.

    Originality/value – Smoking cessation is a heterogeneous phenomenon and individuals can follow several pathways to become smoke-free, therefore this study adds to a more nuanced picture of smoking cessation and also expands the knowledge concerning smoking cessation in individual long-term processes.

  • 2015. Tove Sohlberg. Nordisk Alkohol- og narkotikatidsskrift (NAT) 32 (3), 259-276

    Aim: Previous research has concluded that the prevalence of smoking, as well as reasons to quit and strategies to become smoke-free, varies markedly by gender.  However, we lack a more comprehensive understanding of the process that leads to a quit attempt and a positive long-term outcome, and also the gender specific mechanism behind a successful cessation. The aim is therefore to investigate motives for, mechanism in, and factors behind smoking cessation, with special regard to gender differences.

    Data/Method: During Oct 2009- May 2010 respondents were recruited via the so-called Monitor-project. By the turn of each month 1,500 individuals, aged 16-80, from a representative sample in the Swedish population (n=12 000) were interviewed via telephone. Via a screening process those who stated being previous daily smokers, but smoke-free for at last 12 months, were asked to answer a postal survey (n=1 683) concerning their process to a smoke-free life. The analyses consist of both descriptive statistics and factor analyses.

    Results: The results indicate that women’s smoking filled several functions in life, that they often quit for the sake of others, and that the cessation process was quite complex. Men tended to experience smoking as quite unproblematic and often quit out of more self-oriented reasons. Moreover, even though a majority quit smoking without any professional help or other means the use among those who did was clearly gendered.

    Conclusions: Gender differences were found in reasons to smoke, reasons to quit, and strategies to quit smoking why cessation strategies should be gender sensitive, taking special needs into account.

  • 2012. Jenny Cisneros Örnberg, Tove Sohlberg. A welfare policy patchwork, 65-82

    This chapter analyses the development of Swedish tobacco policy and tobacco regulation since the early 1990s. In addition, it looks at how this policy has been influenced by the World Health Organization, the European Union, the Nordic countries and various others stakeholders, and examines the effect of policy changes on smoking cessation in the Swedish population. The chapter is based on both primary and secondary sources such as policy documents, previous research and survey data. It is concluded that both the political and research focus has shifted from the provision of information to rational individuals to highlighting the effects of smoking to others. Swedish tobacco regulation has been influenced by policies in other Nordic countries, but it is largely a product of WHO and EU recommendations and directives. In an international perspective, Swedish tobacco policy seems to have been rather more reactive than proactive. It is also shown that policy decisions on pricing and availability, for instance, have a somewhat greater impact on smoking cessation than information. However, women tend to be more responsive than men to information campaigns and health warnings.

Visa alla publikationer av Tove Sohlberg vid Stockholms universitet

Senast uppdaterad: 27 juni 2018

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