Responsible unit: Property Management Office

Contact: Viktor Lundborg

Foreword

The climate issue is the key issue of our time. We face enormous challenges, in Sweden and the world, in connection with tackling greenhouse gas emissions. Both nationally and internationally, new agreements and laws are taking shape to bring carbon dioxide emissions down to acceptable levels. At the same time, new technologies are being developed to reduce emissions and to handle the carbon dioxide that is already present in the atmosphere. However, legislation and technology shifts are not enough – changes in behaviour patterns are also required, right down to the individual level. Research shows that the overall international efforts to date are still not sufficient to achieve the objectives set out in the Paris Agreement.

Universities have a special role in addressing society's climate challenges, primarily through their core mission to generate new knowledge through research and to convey knowledge through education. However for the sake of our credibility, it is also important for universities themselves to reduce their carbon dioxide emissions in line with what research shows is necessary. This entails significant challenges and affects all parts of our operations. Swedish universities and colleges have shown a strong commitment to contribute, as a key player in society through both internal and external work, to the climate goal set by the Riksdag to achieve carbon neutrality by 2045.  
In June last year, to further highlight the unique nature of the climate issue, Stockholm University signed the UN Agreement on Global Sustainability Goals for Higher Education (Climate Emergency Letter), and the university has thus committed to be carbon neutral as early as 2040. The present climate roadmap for the period 2020-2040 is based on these sustainability goals, but also has a broader societal perspective that also encompasses wordings and goal formulations from, for example, the Swedish climate policy framework and the European green deal.

The transition of Stockholm University and society at large has been going on for a long time. My hope is that the climate roadmap will create both a compass and clear support for the level of ambition and the pace of work, which is contingent on the great commitment of the entire university, but also reflects the university's strong profile in these issues.

Last but not least, I would like to extend a special thank you to the Environmental Council under the leadership of Magnus Breitholtz, who has been responsible for the development of the climate roadmap, with the support of a reference group that has assisted in the work – Lennart Bergström, Karin Bäckstrand, Line Gordon, Johan Kuylenstierna, Alasdair Skelton and Cynthia de Wit – as well as Team Environment at the Property Department: Viktor Lundborg and Ilari Ohring. It is my wish and hope that all managers, employees and students will contribute jointly to Stockholm University’s leading role in the necessary development of the future climate work, towards a more sustainable and resource-efficient society.

Astrid Söderbergh Widding

Introduction

In September 2015, Heads of State and Government worldwide adopted a new development agenda and global sustainable development goals. The 2030 Agenda consists of 17 Global Sustainable Development Goals aimed, among other things, at eradicating poverty, halting climate change, promoting education and creating peaceful and safe societies. In December of that year, the countries of the world signed the Paris Agreement, which is an international treaty under the United Nations with the aim of limiting global warming to 2 degrees, but preferably to 1.5 degrees. Sweden ratified the Paris Agreement in October, and the agreement entered into force in November 2016. In 2020, all countries will report new enhanced commitments for national emission reductions under the Paris Agreement for review every 5 years.

Sweden has a long tradition of setting and working towards ambitious environmental goals as an international pioneer in the field of the environment, and the Swedish environmental goal system today consists of a generation goal, 16 environmental quality goals and a number of milestones in the areas of waste, biodiversity, hazardous substances, sustainable urban development, air pollution and climate. In 2017, Sweden also adopted a climate policy framework that came into force on 1 January 2018, consisting of a climate law, climate targets and a climate policy council. The overall long-term goal entails that Sweden will have zero net greenhouse gas emissions by 2045. In addition, emissions in the transport sector will be reduced by 70% by 2030 compared to 2010. Sweden also works with review and governance of Agenda 2030 and the global sustainability goals through the Agenda 2030 Committee appointed by the government. Achieving the 2045 carbon neutrality target requires a transformation of society as a whole and many technological leaps need to be implemented in a short space of time. In addition,various behavioural changes are also required, from the individual level up to the societal level. A large part of the work to achieve this goal lies with the business community. Through the government's initiative Fossil-free Sweden, various industries have developed their own roadmaps for how to become fossil-free. Knowledge in relation to the climate, environment and sustainability is important to achieve the overall goal of climate neutrality in all industries, and universities play a central role in knowledge supply and development. In addition to important contributions to climate work through research and education, many Swedish universities and colleges that have joined the so-called Climate Framework are committed to implementing measures by 2030 to align with the 1.5-degree target.

At EU level, at the end of 2019, the Commission presented the Green Deal, a roadmap for climate neutrality and a new growth strategy to transition the EU into a fair and prosperous society with improved quality of life for current and future generations, with a modern, resource-efficient and competitive economy where, by 2050, there will be zero net greenhouse gas emissions and where economic growth has been decoupled from resource consumption. The Green Deal confirms the Commission's ambition for Europe to become the first climate-neutral continent by 2050. Furthermore, the Commission has presented a proposed new EU climate law, which complements the existing policy framework by setting a long-term roadmap and anchoring the 2050 climate neutrality target in EU legislation. There is also a clear objective of raising emissions reduction ambitions, increasing the proportion of renewable energy and strengthening energy efficiency by 2030. The 2030 goals regarding a 50-55% reduction in greenhouse gases will become a part of the EU's joint commitment to be reported to the UN. The EU and Sweden have stood by the Green Deal and the climate law despite the COVID-19 pandemic. In an optimistic perspective, the pandemic is an opportunity for green recovery and to live up to the promises of the European Green Deal on climate neutrality, green industrialisation, the transition to renewable energy and a competitive circular economy.  
In June 2019, as the first Swedish university, Stockholm University signed the UN Agreement on Global Sustainability Goals for Higher Education (Climate Emergency Letter), which means that Stockholm University is committed to:

  1. Being carbon neutral by 2040,
  2. Mobilising more resources for action-oriented climate research and skills creation,
  3. Developing environmental and sustainability courses across disciplinary boundaries.

Although the above sustainability goals represent an overall objective and create a clear structure for the university's climate work in both core activities and operational support over the next 20 years, the current climate roadmap has a broader allocation and also takes into account the wording and goal formulations in, for example, the Swedish climate policy framework, the EU climate law and the European Green Deal. The purpose is to clarify the university's important role for positive social development and for the work to achieve long-term sustainable development. 

The university's strategies, established by the University Board, provide that the university must work to continuously reduce its negative environmental impact. The Vice chancellor and the university’s management have the overall responsibility for achieving carbon neutrality by 2040 and ensuring that the university contributes to a climate-smart and resource-efficient society. However, to achieve these goals, efforts are required in all parts of the university. In accordance with the Regulation (2009:907) regarding environmental management within governmental authorities (and in accordance with ISO standard 14001:2015), the university already has an environmental management system in relation to its environmental work both at the local and central level, offering a structured approach to planning, implementing and following up environmental issues, including the climate work proposed in this roadmap. Climate work is continuously monitored, among other things, within the framework of the university's action plans. Both the Faculties and the administrative departments are required to report implemented and ongoing measures in accordance with the plan.

Section two outlines the overall purpose of the current climate roadmap and how it relates to Stockholm University's environmental management system and other policy documents that are central to climate work. Section three addresses the need for comprehensive measures and proposals for more short-term (two to five years) targets in the areas affected by the sustainability objective of achieving carbon neutrality by 2040. Section four deals with the university's contribution to a sustainable and resource-efficient society through research, education and interaction with the surrounding society. Section five deals with the contribution of management and operational support to climate action and finally, section six deals with the sharing of responsibilities and follow-up of the climate roadmap.

The purpose and structure of the climate roadmap

Climate work at Stockholm University is ultimately guided by the policies pursued both nationally, at EU level and globally, but is also influenced by the university management's own ambition level and by the knowledge generated by climate-related research conducted at the university. The overall aim of the current climate roadmap is to chart the way for Stockholm University's climate work over the next 20 years. Two decades is a long time, however, and at the same time climate work is a moving goal with constantly changing conditions. Everything from potential technological advances in transport and energy production, for example, to changing social norms, behaviours and consumer habits. Furthermore, systematic work to achieve carbon neutrality requires the university to develop concrete and measurable goals and to put in place relevant measures to achieve the goals. At present, however, there is no holistic comprehensive view of the emissions of operations, and the university's climate work over the next few years must therefore focus on developing relevant tools for mapping, measuring and monitoring emissions from the operations. The climate roadmap will therefore need to be revised at regular intervals (see section 6). In practical terms, the activities towards achieving, among other things, the Global Sustainable Development Goals by 2030 and climate neutrality by 2040 will be managed through rules, policies, measures and action plans with shorter time horizons (see section 6).

The current climate roadmap focuses primarily on how the university will achieve carbon neutrality by 2040, but also proposes measures for how the university, through research, education and collaboration, can contribute to the development of a more sustainable and resource-efficient society. Figure 1 below highlights the underlying global agreements, laws and requirements that have been taken into account when developing the climate roadmap. Furthermore, its integration into the university's environmental management system is also highlighted.

Figure 1. The climate roadmap aims to chart the way for the university's climate work over the next 20 years. 1) This work is largely guided by the policies pursued at national and global level. 2) Proposals for measures presented in the climate roadmap are managed within the framework of the structure and governance of the existing environmental management system. 3) Efforts to achieve carbon neutrality are managed through the university's two-year action plans. 4) Set targets are then followed up based on direct and indirect greenhouse gas emissions from, among others, business travel, energy use and goods and services. 5) Both the environmental management system and the climate roadmap will be continuously revised based on results from the review of set goals but also based on changing circumstances, such as new technologies and behavioural changes.

A carbon neutral university by 2040

Historical emissions and current situation

Carbon neutrality does not mean that Stockholm University will be free of emissions by 2040, but rather that the positive (i.e. increased greenhouse gas content in the atmosphere) and negative (i.e. reduced greenhouse gas content in the atmosphere) greenhouse gas emissions are in balance (+/- = 0 kg CO2e). The climate roadmap thus includes not only planning for limiting current emissions, but also for negative emissions (see section 3.4 below).

Previously collected data on historical emissions are linked to the Regulation (2009:907) on environmental management in government agencies. The regulation includes a reporting annex where data from business travel, energy consumption and environmental requirements in procurements are to be reported annually to the Swedish Environmental Protection Agency. The quality of data sources varies from year to year as suppliers are replaced and are person-dependent. For business travel, emission data is collected directly from the travel agency provider but also from specific companies, such as car rental companies and SJ.

Achieving carbon neutrality requires a broader review of the emissions generated by the university's activities than described in the Regulation (2009:907) on environmental management in government agencies. In addition to business travel and energy consumption, an estimate of emissions generated from goods and services purchased, properties leased and waste generated by the operations is required. In the process of developing the climate roadmap, the availability of data has been limited, which will be complemented by the next revision as well as in other supporting documents. This is very likely to mean that additional emission sources will be identified during the implementation of the climate roadmap.

Integrating climate work into the environmental management system

The structure and organisation of Stockholm University's environmental management system facilitates effective work with the climate roadmap. Emission control is currently the most cost-effective measure to achieve carbon neutrality. In order for this measure to be successful, emission reductions must be implemented in different parts of the university. As mentioned above, the university management has an overall responsibility for achieving the goal of carbon neutrality within the next 20-year period. At local level, however, each department (or equivalent) must review its activities and identify where reductions can have the greatest possible impact. The local environmental action plans should be used to set operational emission reduction targets and related measures in the short term. For all universities, Team Environment at the Real Estate Department together with the Environmental Council will be able to contribute with action proposals in collaboration with the relevant departments or administrative units (or equivalent) as well as follow-up of the categories included in the climate roadmap in both the long and short term. The structure of the environmental management system permits an annual university-wide follow-up, which may include a follow-up of the climate roadmap. A decision support system will make it possible to plan and monitor emissions at different levels within the university.  Horizontal measures that individual departments/units cannot handle alone are required at the central university level. For example, procurment agreements must be concluded on recycling and travel agency services aimed at reducing greenhouse gas emissions but also covering negative emissions through, for example, climate investments (see section 3.4 below). There is an interdependence between different parts of the university that should be harnessed when working on the climate roadmap. As an initial step in this work, the respective environmental representatives should be given sufficient resources (including skills development) to explore the possibilities of setting targets and propose measures to reduce emissions at the local level. This work will be presented to the management of each department (or equivalent), but is also part of the follow-up at the central university level to the university management.

The way forward

For Stockholm University to achieve carbon neutrality by 2040, greenhouse gas emissions must be reduced, theoretically, by an average of five percent per year for 20 years, excluding negative emissions. In order to determine whether emissions decrease over time, tools will be implemented to quantify and monitor emissions from the university.

The Green House Gas Protocol (GHGP) is a framework used to identify and track where emissions are generated and the potential impact of specific operations. GHGP is primarily designed to be used in, for example, production activities in the private sector, but it is now also possible for other types of operations, such as universities, to use this framework. Stockholm University will initially use GHGP to classify and categorise its emissions but will not follow the reporting principles.
Broadly speaking, GHGP is based on three so-called scopes, and within each scope there are emission categories determined based on the sector in which the business operates (see Figure 2):

  • Scope 1: Combustion of fossil fuels for e.g. manufacturing in proprietary factories or emissions from proprietary or leased vehicles/machines.
  • Scope 2: Consumption of electricity, district heating and cooling.
  • Scope 3: Emissions from the purchase of goods and services, e.g. logistics, digital services, air travel, taxis, hotel nights and material consumption.

Figure 2.  The framework presented in the Green House Gas Protocol (GHGP) is useful for identifying and monitoring where greenhouse gas emissions in an operation are generated and opportunities to impact emissions. Scope 1 concerns direct emissions from combustion of fossil fuels for e.g. manufacturing in proprietary factories or emissions from proprietary or leased vehicles/machines. Scope 2 concerns indirect emissions from the consumption of electricity, district heating and district cooling. Scope 3 concerns emissions from the purchase of goods and services, e.g. logistics, digital services, air travel, taxis, hotel nights and material consumption.

GHGP makes a distinction between direct (scope 1) and indirect (scopes 2-3) greenhouse gas emissions. Stockholm University's emissions are mainly in scopes 2 and 3 (approximately 95%), which are thus the two scopes on which the climate roadmap focuses. Work is also underway to develop a new scope (scope 4) that deals with avoidable emissions. Examples of this may be emission reductions outside the life cycle of a product, e.g. the research and development that makes a specific product de facto more energy efficient than if the product had not been developed. Based on this description, it would also be possible to place the new research findings and knowledge generated by the university's research and education (see next section) within scope 4. These emission categories are significantly more difficult to quantify than other emission categories, but can be absolutely crucial to the transition of society as a whole and can make a significant contribution to increasing resource efficiency and reducing emissions. However, since work is currently underway to develop and define the framework for scope 4, Stockholm University will hold off using this scope and, for the time being, place the new research findings and knowledge generated through the university's research and education within scope 3. However, Stockholm University will, in connection with subsequent revisions of the climate roadmap, follow developments regarding scope 4 and evaluate potential future use of a fully developed framework that better handles avoidable emissions. Regardless of the scope within which these emission categories are placed, they will need to be described qualitatively and based on different scenarios.

Table 1 lists each emission category within each scope (1-3; scenario-based emission reductions linked to research and education, but also cooperation and innovation are addressed in the next section). Since the climate roadmap extends over two decades, most measures and activities will need to be developed as the climate roadmap is revised based on new knowledge. Table 1 addresses a number of proposals for more concrete measures, which can be initiated in two to five years to begin limiting the climate impact of the operations to achieve carbon neutrality by 2040.

Table 1. Categories and suggested measures divided within each scope.

SCOPE 1

 
Emission category within Scope Measures
SU-owned or leased vehicles Replace fossil-powered vehicles with electricity or gas.
Fugitive emissions (leakage or discharge from cooling systems or server halls)  

SCOPE 2

 
Energy purchased (electricity, heating, cooling and gases) Continuous energy efficiency measures according to energy mapping.
  Investigate the possibility of investing in district heating with negative emissions via property owners (see section 3.4 below).
  Invest in solar cells via property owners.

SCOPE 3

 
Business travel Implement new meeting and travel policy and communicate this to all employees.
  Harness the climate positive effects that arose in the management of Covid-19. Participation in digital meetings, seminars and thesis defences can be further developed. 
  Additional requirements for future procurement of travel agents, such as facilitation of international train travel booking.
  Engage in dialogue with research financiers on digital meetings and for travel in the framework of the grants to be made by means of transport with as low emissions as possible.
  Explore the possibility of introducing an internal charge to a climate pot in connection with air travel. The climate pot can then be used to finance measures within the climate roadmap.
Purchase of goods and services Investigate the direct and indirect climate impact of goods and services purchased by the university in order to compare the climate impact of goods and services.
  Require that catering and meals at Stockholm University have low emissions for the transport and food choices purchased.
  Develop climate and statistical requirements for procurement and purchase of goods and services.
  Investigate consumer patterns at SU to reduce and streamline purchases of goods and services.
  Introduce additional services to reduce emissions for major product areas (see, for example, the Inrego service  used to extend the life of IT products).
  Create opportunities for internal recycling of furniture and goods.
Upstream transport and distribution of goods Develop a procurement and purchasing policy with a focus on reducing emissions in logistics and production of goods and products.
Assets under management and investments Review of invested capital.
  Continue to divest (free from fossil fuel investments).
Leased property portfolio and new and converted buildings Investigate the possibility of emission calculations for the design of new and converted buildings and emission calculation for existing buildings.
  Investigate how the emission quota of new and converted buildings should be distributed between landlord and tenant.
  Develop documentation to calculate emissions for new and converted buildings and existing surfaces.
  Investigate the possibility of improving the efficiency of premises through e.g. densification, common premises, longer utilization times and higher occupancy requirements.
  When negotiating leases, so-called green agreements should be considered.
Waste management Reduce the total amount of waste but, above all, the volume of incineration waste.
  Recycling and renovation of furniture instead of disposal.
External services on campuses Develop an action plan for a climate-neutral campus.
  The university must strive to ensure that students and employees can travel to campus sustainably, e.g. by bicycle and public transport.
  Impose requirements in relation to services on campus. For example, kiosks, restaurants and grocery stores on campus must work to reduce their emissions by reducing waste and disposables. Also require at least one vegetarian dish and that emissions per meal be reported.

 

Negative emissions

Stockholm University will mainly work with mitigation of its emissions. However, the university's research, teaching and collaboration activities will in all likelihood still involve some greenhouse gas emissions by 2040. For example, there is no indication that aviation will be completely carbon neutral by 2040. This means that negative emissions (i.e. reducing the concentration of greenhouse gases in the atmosphere) must be identified and offset against the positive emissions that are still being generated.

The possibilities for creating negative emissions to the same extent as the remaining emissions are currently unclear. In future revisions of the climate roadmap, there will be a greater focus on negative emissions, but already in 2020, measures will need to be planned and investigated. A number of concrete proposals regarding measures are therefore presented below through which Stockholm University could contribute to negative emissions over the next five years:

  • Explore opportunities to generate negative emissions in the longer term
  • Explore the possibility of generating biochar at local test facility
  • Explore the possibility of exploiting the university's green areas for increased carbon storage
  • Explore opportunities to use funding for climate investment through a dialogue with the Ministry of Education
  • Develop scenarios for how Stockholm University will contribute and could contribute to increased resource efficiency and emission reductions in society as a whole through research and education

The University's contribution to a sustainable and resource-efficient society

In addition to the goal of achieving carbon neutrality by 2040, which mainly relates to scopes 2 and 3 (and to some extent scope 1), the university has a very important role in both developing new research findings to better understand the causes and effects of a changing climate and to supply society with skills to meet today's and tomorrow's climate challenges in general while contributing to sustainable social development (related to scope 3). Unlike the measures that Stockholm University must implement to achieve carbon neutrality within the framework of its day-to-day operations, the emission reductions within scope 3 linked to research and education, as well as collaboration and innovation, are not as easy to measure and follow up. Meanwhile, it is highly likely that the university's research and education efforts will have a significantly greater positive effect on emission reductions than the direct efforts being made to achieve carbon neutrality in day-to-day operations and that they will contribute, at the same time and in a more comprehensive way, to a more sustainable development of society.

Stockholm University is characterized by a strong basic research tradition with education that is strongly linked to research. Meanwhile, major efforts are being made to ensure that the results of research are directly or indirectly applicable in society and contribute to innovation and positive social development. Some research and education is conducted with a stated objective of contributing to society's ambitions to achieve, for example, the 17 Global Goals of the 2030 Agenda, but often this is unspoken. However, research and education can be relevant and important in a transition to a more sustainable and resource-efficient society even though there is no such stated objective. Often, effective and systematic climate work highlights how the university's ongoing research and education on climate, the environment and sustainability can contribute to a sustainable society and a transition to resource efficiency and climate neutrality.

Over the past two decades, Stockholm University has also invested in research environments to manage interdisciplinary research issues, including basic research as well as applied research and communication. This includes, for example, the Bolin Centre for Climate Research, Baltic Sea Centre and Stockholm Resilience Centre. Through these initiatives, Stockholm University is now at the international cutting edge of research on climate, environmental and sustainability issues. Within these centres there is already solid knowledge about management of interdisciplinary processes.

As with the goal of achieving carbon neutrality by 2040, 20 years is a very long perspective, and it can be difficult, if not impossible, to identify specific research and education efforts required in, for example, 10 years to achieve a more sustainable and resource-efficient society. External circumstances, in particular, may be quite different. Therefore, structures and activities must be established to further strengthen the university's ability to contribute to the transition and social development necessary to achieve the climate goals and other sustainability goals. Below we propose, in bullet point form, a number of activities within the framework of both the university's research and education, but also activities relating to collaboration, which, where relevant, may be implemented in two to five years' time. The basic idea is to apply a broad approach, to start from the overall positive impact of the measures on the development and provision of skills in society. The ambition is not to measure the effects in the same way as the more direct measures proposed to reduce emissions from the university's own activities, but instead to consider these as special initiatives where the university contributes to the transition and positive development of society as a whole.   

Research

  • Centres: use existing centres of relevance to climate work (e.g. Bolin Centre for Climate Research, Baltic Sea Centre, Stockholm University Centre for Circular and Sustainable Systems (SUCCeSS), Stockholm Resilience Centre (SRC), Navarino Environmental Observatory (NEO) and Stockholm Centre for Environmental Law) for various targeted actions and measures in both research and education. Build on faculty-wide initiatives such as the Initiative for Human Sciences Environmental Research.
  • Industry- or government-funded doctoral students; make use of the university's unique position as both an international player contributing to international processes (e.g. IPCC, IPBES, various meetings such as UN COP's and UN Climate Action Summit) and capital university, close to politics and public administration (e.g. the Swedish Environmental Protection Agency but also Region Stockholm and the City of Stockholm, where collaboration already exists) and a very large number of actors in the business sector, both companies and professional associations, and let doctoral students and their supervisors work in close cooperation with climate-relevant projects and issues that contribute to the climate transition in the 2-8 years term. Can also be developed as part of the collaboration within Stockholm Trio.
  • -Graduate school; announce a large number of PhD positions across faculty and subject boundaries within the framework of an interdisciplinary graduate school for society's development towards increased sustainability, resource efficiency and carbon neutrality. Use the unique breadth of the university's teaching staff and with their partners internationally and with the surrounding community, and develop courses aimed at solving society's climate and environmental challenges from different angles of attack. Require doctoral students and supervisors in the graduate school to interact with relevant social partners, such as companies, industry associations and authorities. Can also be developed as part of the collaboration within Stockholm Trio.
  • Teachers' competence in climate and sustainability issues; develop the competence of teachers and researchers at the university who are interested in being able to address interdisciplinary environmental and climate issues in their or their doctoral students' work.
  • Co-opted  professors; invite key members of society as co-opted  professors to generate new research questions and stimulate new collaborations with the surrounding society to solve current climate challenges.   
  • Sustainability forum; develop the forum to be a natural arena where researchers and other social actors meet to exchange knowledge and ideas across faculty and subject boundaries. Sustainability forum will focus on issues related to the transition of society as a whole, the important role of universities as a social actor (research, education, lifelong learning and collaboration) and how climate change and climate transition affect and interact with other important development and sustainability dimensions. Can also be developed as part of the collaboration within Stockholm Trio.
  • International academic collaborations; take advantage of the unique opportunities offered by, for example, the European Civic University Alliance (Civis) in terms of facilitating the mobility of students, teachers and other staff across national borders. Civis focuses on five global challenges, where Climate, Environment and Energy as well as Digital and Technological Transformations are two challenges that are highly relevant to climate work. Civis offers, in particular in the wake of the ongoing COVID-19 pandemic, an excellent platform to further promote international cooperation and mobility in a sustainable and resource-efficient way using digital technologies and can thus actively contribute to European cooperation, for example within the framework of the EU's Green Deal.

Education

  • Courses and programmes with climate and/or sustainability focus; identify courses and programmes with a climate and/or sustainability focus on the university's education portal (www.su.se/utbildning/alla-amnen) by creating its own area of interest called for example "Environment, Climate and Sustainability".
  • Courses and programmes with indirect links to climate work; identify how university courses and programmes can help address today's and tomorrow's climate challenges or, even more broadly, how they contribute to achieving the Global Goals of the 2030 Agenda. Although many courses and programmes do not aim primarily to contribute knowledge to deal with climate and other sustainability challenges, they sometimes contain elements that are absolutely crucial for society's ability to adapt. Making every student at the university aware of the potential importance of their efforts in professional life in relation to climate work can ultimately have significant positive effects in society as a whole.  
  • New courses and programmes in the field of climate and sustainability; develop - if necessary - new courses and programmes in the field of climate change. "Climate Change Solutions" is a good example of a climate course with a large impact among students with very different educational backgrounds, and is based on a broad collaboration across the university's faculty- and subject boundaries. "The Echo of the World" is an evening course with a high number of applicants that brings together students and actors outside the university who want to learn about sustainable development. Stockholm University has also developed the so-called MOOC ("Planetary Boundaries and Human Opportunities and Transforming Development: The Science and Practice of Resilience Thinking"), which reached nearly 10,000 students. Review the possibility of making courses such as these or similar courses available to an even broader student base. In order to develop relevant courses and programmes in the field of climate change, it is also important that the university continuously finds out what skills the labour market needs.
  • Teachers' competence in climate and sustainability issues; strengthen the competence of teachers and other teaching staff and programme managers who have an interest in integrating climate and sustainability issues into the education.
  • Sustainability forum; develop, as described for research, the forum as a natural arena where researchers and other social actors meet to exchange knowledge and ideas across faculty- and subject boundaries. Review the need and opportunities for developing courses and programmes that better contribute to addressing the issues of the transition of society as a whole, the important role of universities as actors in society (research, education, lifelong learning) and how climate change and climate transition affect and interact with other important development and sustainability dimensions. This may concern, for example, the need for more inter- and transdisciplinary training programmes. Can also be developed as part of the collaboration within Stockholm Trio.  
  • International academic collaborations; use, as described for research above, international collaborations such as Civis to further develop and strengthen the university's courses with the goal of meeting both today's and tomorrow's climate challenges. As with the sustainability forum, the focus can be on reviewing the need for more inter- and transdisciplinary training programmes within the university.
  • External training - lifelong learning; develop contract education in the field of climate for people in careers, with a clear academic profile (research-based), to offer opportunities for analysis and in-depth learning, but also to broaden the individual's competence (interdisciplinary focus).
  • Student influence; develop cooperation with Stockholm University's student union to take care of good ideas from students and support them in their work to monitor issues related to sustainability and climate in education and more generally issues related to life on campus. The Student Union already has a representative in the Environmental Council, but there is likely to be a need to further strengthen cooperation and dialogue between students and university management.

Management and operational support

The climate roadmap is based on a commitment within large parts of the university. The goal of achieving carbon neutrality by 2040 requires, in particular, contributions from management and operational support at various levels. This section brings together proposals aimed at management and operational support throughout the university.

  • Management's responsibility and competence; ensure that senior management has sufficient competence in the field of climate change. If necessary, lectures and short courses can be tailored.  
  • Competent council functions; ensure that strategic decision-making at the university can be supported by competent Council functions.
  • Qualified operational support; ensure that there are human resources within the operational support that can provide qualified support in the implementation of the necessary activities.
  • Competence development for managers; create space within the framework of, for example, existing management program to increase competence regarding climate and sustainability of all managers in both management and academia.
  • Competence development for technical/administrative staff; contribute to the relevant technical/administrative staff having updated knowledge and competence in areas that have a major impact in the climate field.
  • Clear missions; clarify and set deadlines for the areas of responsibility and tasks of different bodies in relation to the measures required according to the climate roadmap.
  • Custom system support; develop systems and processes so that it is easy to select a climate-smart alternative. It should be easy to do the right thing.
  • Effective communication; improve communication about the university's climate work so that it is clear both internally and externally how Stockholm University contributes to carbon neutrality. Highlight examples of measures or activities by individual employees, departments or units within the administration that have been highly significant for the climate work.
  • Environmental management system; ensure that work on the environmental management system is clearly linked to the climate roadmap and the university's action plans. This will raise awareness about the fact that the climate roadmap is part of the environmental management system and that each department (or equivalent) should work on both parts within the framework of its operations.

Responsibility and follow-up

The climate roadmap extends over a long period, and for this reason the work on and follow-up of the plan must be structured so that it works well in both the short and the long term. The Environmental Council has therefore been put in charge of the climate roadmap and of conducting an overall follow-up every two years to ensure long-term viability. The follow-up includes assessing the progress of work on the climate roadmap and whether revisions or specific efforts are needed to achieve the objectives. Revisions to the university's strategies may also affect the content of the climate roadmap.
The university’s biannual action plans indicate who is responsible for implementing measures. The action plans can highlight priority measures and the division of responsibilities. This can be monitored continuously to ensure that the work progresses as planned with each measure.
In order to achieve carbon neutrality by 2040, as described in section 3.1, a broader review of the emissions of the university's activities is crucial. In the absence of both resources and data for a detailed follow-up at present, initially the establishment of climate calculation systems is prioritised.
In addition, the university's environmental management system needs to be based on the climate roadmap and, at a strategic level, also be linked to the action plans. The concrete measures channelled through the environmental management system contribute to the whole university working actively on implementation.