In addition to the positive effects of having high grades in itself, being top of the class increases the probability that a student finishes a longer education or gets a higher income later in life. For students at the lower end of the grade distribution, being a bit more highly ranked compared to other students in the school increases the probability of finishing upper secondary school. These are the results of a new dissertation in economics from the Swedish Institute for Social Research (SOFI) at Stockholm University.
Men with foreign-sounding names applying for a job receive significantly fewer responses to their applications than female applicants with a foreign-sounding name. Both male and female recruiters appear to discriminate against them, although in different occupational groups.