- Contextual effects and social policy (with Eva Andersson and Karen Haandrikman)
- Segregation measurement using individualized neighbourhoods (with Karen Haandrikman and Eva Andersson)
Overview of my research
My 30 years of research cover four different subfields of Human geography: Economic geography; Population geography; Urban geography, with focus on residential segregation and neighbourhood effects; and, finally GIS and remote sensing.
My PhD research (1985-90) was directed at answering if operational decisions in multi-plant firms are influenced by the location of the corporate headquarter. I addressed this question using time-geographic modelling and micro-level data for Swedish manufacturing firms.
Malmberg, B. (1990). The effects of external ownership : a study of linkages and branch plant location. Uppsala: Kulturgeografiska institutionen Univ. distributör.
Clusters and regional economic development
Malmberg, A., Malmberg, B., & Lundequist, P. (2000). Agglomeration and firm performance: economies of scale, localisation, and urbanisation among Swedish export firms. Environment and Planning A, 32(2), 305-321.
Age structure effects on economic growth
Malmberg, B., Lindh, T., & Halvarsson, M. (2008). Productivity Consequences of Workforce Aging: Stagnation or Horndal Effect? Population and Development Review, 34 (Population Aging, Human Capital Accumulation, and Productivity Growth), 238-256.
Lindh, T., & Malmberg, B. (2007). Demographically based global income forecasts up to the year 2050. International Journal of Forecasting, 23(4), 553-567.
Lindh, T., & Malmberg, B. (1999). Age structure effects and growth in the OECD, 1950-1990. Journal of Population Economics, 12, 431-449.
Malmberg, B. (1994). Age structure effect on economic growth: Swedish evidence. Scandinavian Economic History Review, 42, 279-295.
Malmberg, B., & Sommestad, L. (2000). The hidden pulse of history - Age transition and economic change in Sweden, 1820-2000. Scandinavian Journal of History, 25(1-2), 130-146.
Malmberg, B. (2007). Demography and social development International Journal of Social Welfare, 16(1), 21-34.
Malmberg, B., & Tegenu, T. (2007). Population pressure and dynamics of household livelihoods in an Ethiopian Village: an elaboration of the Boserup-Chayanovian framework. Population and Environment, 29(2), 39-67.
The beginning of my interest in this area was study of the changing geography of the Swedish school system, supported by a grant from the Swedish research council. This project focused on the effects of free school choice on school segregation, and as a part of this project we developed, in 2011, a new approach to segregation measurement based on individualised scalable neighbourhoods with fixed population size. The advantage with this method is that it avoids the modifiable areal unit problem associated with measuring segregation using fixed geographical subdivisions. The effect of this problem is that there is a risk that measured segregation reflects the way the boundaries for the areas have been drawn more than the underlying spatial segregation. Individualised scalable neighbourhoods have proved to be not only a good tool for analysing segregation but also for measuring spatial variation in demographic behaviour and for analysing variation in individual level spatial context.
Strömblad, P., & Malmberg, B. (2015). Ethnic segregation and xenophobic party preference: Exploring the influence of the presence of visible minorities on local electoral support for the Sweden Democrats. Journal of Urban Affairs.
Andersson, E. K., & Malmberg, B. (2014). Contextual effects on educational attainment in individualised, scalable neighbourhoods: Differences across gender and social class. Urban Studies. doi: 10.1177/0042098014542487
Malmberg, B., Andersson, E. K., & Bergsten, Z. (2014). Composite Geographical Context and School Choice Attitudes in Sweden: A Study Based on Individually Defined, Scalable Neighborhoods. Annals of the Association of American Geographers, 194(4), 869-888. doi: 10.1080/00045608.2014.912546
Östh, J., Clark, W. A., & Malmberg, B. (2014). Measuring the Scale of Segregation Using k‐Nearest Neighbor Aggregates. Geographical Analysis.
Malmberg, B., Andersson, E., & Östh, J. (2013). Segregation and urban unrest in Sweden. Urban geography, 34(7), 1031-1046.
Osth, J., Andersson, E., & Malmberg, B. (2013). School Choice and Increasing Performance Difference: A Counterfactual Approach. Urban Studies, 50(2), 407-425. doi: 10.1177/0042098012452322
Andersson, E., Malmberg, B., & Osth, J. (2012). Travel-to-school distances in Sweden 2000-2006: changing school geography with equality implications. Journal of Transport Geography, 23, 35-43.
Anderson, E., Östh, J., & Malmberg, B. (2010). Ethnic segregation and performance inequality in the Swedish school system: a regional perspective. Environment and Planning A, 42, 2674-2686.
GIS and remote sensing
In collaborations with collegaues in Stockholm I have been exploring howremote sensing data can be made useful for social science research. The result is a new method for contextual classification. The development of this approach has been supported by grants from Riksbankens Jubileumsfond and Sida/Sarec. The method has proved to be efficient for detecting landscape objects that are characterised by spectral heterogeneity, for example in urban areas and it has be awarded several patents. It is being commercially exploited by a start-up firm, Choros Cognition AB, and currently the method is implemented in a cloud-based application to which user can upload images for analysis without need for installing advanced software on a local computer.
Nielsen, M. M., Heurich, M., Malmberg, B., & Brun, A. (2014). Automatic mapping of standing dead trees after an insect outbreak using the Window Independent Context Segmentation method. Journal of forestry, 112(6), 564-571.
Wästfelt, A., Tegenu, T., Nielsen, M. M., & Malmberg, B. (2012). Qualitative satellite image analysis: Mapping spatial distribution of farming types in Ethiopia. Applied Geography, 32(2), 465-476.