Profiles

Östen Dahl

Professor emeritus

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Arbetar vid Institutionen för lingvistik
Telefon 08-16 23 45
E-post oesten@ling.su.se
Besöksadress Universitetsvägen 10 C, plan 2-3
Rum C 228
Postadress Institutionen för lingvistik 106 91 Stockholm

Om mig

Forskningsintressen

Språktypologi, i synnerhet tempus och aspekt, negation, bestämdhet; grammatikaliseringsprocesser; språklig komplexitet.

Publikationer

I urval från Stockholms universitets publikationsdatabas
  • Kapitel The perfect map
    2014. Östen Dahl. Aggregating Dialectology, Typology, and Register Analysis, 268-289

    The work presented in this paper can be seen as a continuation of my earlier attempts at using quantitative methods to compare tense-aspect categories across languages using translation questionnaire data using a different kind of data - a parallel corpus of Bible translations. Here I report on a comparison of the distribution of grams labeled perfect in traditional descriptions. The results confirm earlier claims that these grams do share a core of prototypical uses and also an anti-prototype, that is, a set of uses that are left untouched until the final end of the grammaticalization process by which perfects expand into general pasts. In the grey zone between the prototype and the anti-prototype, versions in one and the same language tend to show great variation. But it is also possible to identify specific areas of cross-linguistic variation even among the more conservative perfect grams.

  • 2014. Östen Dahl. En samtidig världshistoria, 111-123
  • 2016. Östen Dahl, Bernhard Wälchli. Letras de Hoje 51 (3), 325-348

    This paper investigates the grammatical space of the two gram types – perfects and iamitives. Iamitives (from Latin iam ‘already’) overlap in their use with perfects but differ in that they can combine with stative predicates to express a state that holds at reference time. Iamitives differ from ‘already’ in having a higher frequency and showing a strong tendency to be grammaticalized with natural development predicates. We argue that iamitives can grammaticalize from expressions for ‘already’. In this study, we extract perfect grams and iamitive grams iteratively starting with two groups of seed grams from a parallel text corpus (the New Testament) in 1107 languages. We then construct a grammatical space of the union of 370 extracted grams by means of Multidimensional Scaling. This grammatical space of perfects and iamitives turns out to be a continuum without sharp boundaries anywhere.

Visa alla publikationer av Östen Dahl vid Stockholms universitet

Senast uppdaterad: 17 maj 2017

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