I am a PhD candidate in sociology at the Swedish Institute for Social Research (SOFI), Stockholm University. My research interests primarily concern poverty, inequality of opportunities and processes of social exclusion, with a particular focus on youth. My PhD project investigates issues of youth-to adulthood transitions and stressful life events. Previous to my doctoral studies I have obtained a Master´s Degree in social work and have several years of experience as a social worker, practicing mostly with young adults with substance abuse and precarious housing conditions.
Quantitative methods at bachelor level.
Thesis supervision at bachelor level.
A selection from Stockholm University publication database
Housing Evictions and Economic Hardship. A Prospective Study
2018. Anna Kahlmeter, Olof Bäckman, Lars Brännström. European Sociological Review 34 (1), 106-119Article
Research has demonstrated that evictions primarily affect vulnerable populations. However, relatively little is known about the consequences eviction has, particularly regarding economic outcomes. Using comprehensive Swedish national register data on evictions in 2009, this study tests two competing hypotheses regarding to what extent an eviction affects subsequent economic hardship for an already disadvantaged group. The degree to which individuals rely on means-tested social assistance is used as an indicator of economic hardship. The cumulative disadvantage perspective predicts that additional strain will compound the economic hardship experienced by the group. In contrast, the disadvantage saturation perspective suggests that additional adversities may not add to economic hardship for disadvantaged individuals. Results from propensity score matching analyses show that, the year immediately after eviction, the degree of social assistance receipt was around 8 percentage points higher for the evicted group than for the matched comparison group. In the following 3 years, the degree of social assistance receipt continued to be significantly higher for those evicted compared to peers. The results lend support to the cumulative disadvantage perspective and suggest that—in the context of preventing evictions—policy measures such as assistance to repay rent arrears would be adequate to prevent further economic hardship.
Does housing instability matter for youths’ educational attainment? Findings from Swedish longitudinal register data
2020. Anna Kahlmeter. Acta SociologicaArticle
There is an ample body of research demonstrating the link between housing instability and adverse outcomes. The bulk of this research, however, largely relies on broad operationalizations, generally not considering different types of housing instability. This study extends previous research by focusing on adolescents facing a variety of residential events, including moves, imminent threats of eviction and forced relocations, while also considering the significance of distance. Adopting a counterfactual approach, and drawing on unique data on evictions in Sweden alongside a link to longitudinal registers, this study examines the association between housing instability and educational attainment, operationalized as graduation from upper secondary school. Theoretically, the study draws on the family stress model and theory on social capital, the findings providing support for both approaches. Single relocation was found to have a small impact on educational attainment, but forced relocations, repeated relocations and long-distance relocations are of particular significance for understanding the link between housing instability and educational outcomes. The study contributes to an understanding of the roles that different types of residential events play in youths’ educational attainment, and policy implications are discussed.
Economic Hardship in Young Adulthood
2020. Anna Kahlmeter. Social Policy Review 32Chapter