Mats Löfdahl


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Works at Department of Astronomy
Telephone 08-553 785 03
Visiting address AlbaNova, Roslagstullsbacken 21 C, plan 6
Room D6:3048
Postal address Institutionen för astronomi 10691 Stockholm


A selection from Stockholm University publication database
  • 2016. Mats G. Löfdahl. Astronomy and Astrophysics 585

    Context. Accurate photometry with ground-based solar telescopes requires characterization of straylight. Scattering in Earth's atmosphere and in the telescope optics are potentially significant sources of straylight, for which the point spread function (PSF) has wings that reach very far. This kind of straylight produces an aureola, extending several solar radii o ff the solar disk. Aims. We want to measure such straylight using the ordinary science instrumentation. Methods. We scanned the intensity on and far o ff the solar disk by use of the science cameras in several di ff erent wavelength bands on a day with low-dust conditions. We characterized the far wing straylight by fitting a model to the recorded intensities involving a multicomponent straylight PSF and the limb darkening of the disk. Results. The measured scattered light adds an approximately constant fraction of the local granulation intensity to science images at any position on the disk. The fraction varied over the day but never exceeded a few percent. The PSFs have weak tails that extend to several solar radii, but most of the scattered light originates within similar to 1'. Conclusions. Far-wing scattered light contributes only a small amount of straylight in SST data. Other sources of straylight are primarily responsible for the reduced contrast in SST images.

  • 2011. Mats G. Löfdahl, Vasco M. J. Henriques, Dan Kiselman. Astronomy and Astrophysics 533

    Context. Narrow-band interference filters can be tuned toward shorter wavelengths by tilting them from the perpendicular to the optical axis. This can be used as a cheap alternative to real tunable filters, such as Fabry-Perot interferometers and Lyot filters. At the Swedish 1-meter Solar Telescope, such a setup is used to scan through the blue wing of the Ca II H line. Because the filter is mounted in a converging beam, the incident angle varies over the pupil, which causes a variation of the transmission over the pupil, different for each wavelength within the passband. This causes broadening of the filter transmission profile and degradation of the image quality. Aims. We want to characterize the properties of our filter, at normal incidence as well as at different tilt angles. Knowing the broadened profile is important for the interpretation of the solar images. Compensating the images for the degrading effects will improve the resolution and remove one source of image contrast degradation. In particular, we need to solve the latter problem for images that are also compensated for blurring caused by atmospheric turbulence. Methods. We simulate the process of image formation through a tilted interference filter in order to understand the effects. We test the hypothesis that they are separable from the effects of wavefront aberrations for the purpose of image deconvolution. We measure the filter transmission profile and the degrading PSF from calibration data. Results. We find that the filter transmission profile differs significantly from the specifications. We demonstrate how to compensate for the image-degrading effects. Because the filter tilt effects indeed appear to be separable from wavefront aberrations in a useful way, this can be done in a final deconvolution, after standard image restoration with Multi-Frame Blind Deconvolution/Phase Diversity based methods. We illustrate the technique with real data.

  • 2010. Mats Löfdahl. Astronomy and Astrophysics 524, A90

    Context. Solar Shack-Hartmann wavefront sensors measure differential wavefront tilts as the relative shift between images from different subapertures. There are several methods in use for measuring these shifts. Aims: We evaluate the inherent accuracy of the methods and the effects of various sources of error, such as noise, bias mismatch, and blurring. We investigate whether Z-tilts or G-tilts are measured. Methods: We test the algorithms on two kinds of artificial data sets, one corresponding to images with known shifts and one corresponding to seeing with different r0. Results: Our results show that the best methods for shift measurements are based on the square difference function and the absolute difference function squared, with subpixel accuracy accomplished by use of two-dimensional quadratic interpolation. These methods measure Z-tilts rather than G-tilts.

  • 2007. Mats Löfdahl. Applied Optics 46 (21), 4686-4693
  • 2007. Mats Löfdahl, Michiel van Noort, Carsten Denker. Modern Solar Facilities - Advanced Solar Science, 119-126
  • Article CRISPRED
    2015. Jaime de la Cruz Rodriguez (et al.). Astronomy and Astrophysics 573

    The production of science-ready data from major solar telescopes requires expertise beyond that of the typical observer. This is a consequence of the increasing complexity of instruments and observing sequences, which require calibrations and corrections for instrumental and seeing effects that are not only difficult to measure, but are also coupled in ways that require careful analysis in the design of the correction procedures. Modern space-based telescopes have data-processing pipelines capable of routinely producing well-characterized data products. High resolution imaging spectropolarimeters at ground-based telescopes need similar data pipelines. We present new methods for flat-fielding spectropolarimetric data acquired with telecentric Fabry-Perot instruments and a new approach for accurate camera co-alignment for image restoration. We document a procedure that forms the basis of current state-of- the-art processing of data from the CRISP imaging spectropolarimeter at the Swedish 1 m Solar Telescope (SST). By collecting, implementing, and testing a suite of computer programs, we have defined a data reduction pipeline for this instrument. This pipeline, CRISPRED, streamlines the process of making science-ready data. It is implemented and operated in IDL, with time-consuming steps delegated to C. CRISPRED will also be the basis for the data pipeline of the forthcoming CHROMIS instrument.

Show all publications by Mats Löfdahl at Stockholm University

Last updated: April 24, 2018

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