Annika Härenstam Foto: Psykologiska institutionen/HD

Annika Härenstam


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Arbetar vid Psykologiska institutionen
Telefon 08-16 38 81
Besöksadress Frescati hagväg 14
Rum 350
Postadress Psykologiska institutionen 106 91 Stockholm


I urval från Stockholms universitets publikationsdatabas
  • 2019. Sara Cerdas (et al.). BMC Public Health 19


    This study aims to explore the development of job demands, decision authority and social support within and between industries with different gender composition in Sweden between 1991 and 2013.


    Cross-sectional data from 12 waves of the Swedish Work Environment Surveys (1991 to 2013), comprising in total 109,698 respondents, were used. Industries were classified in 7 categories according to its gender composition and main activity, comprising two female-dominated, three gender-mixed and two male-dominated industries. Proportions of workers reporting high job demands, low decision authority and poor social support between 1991 and 2013 were calculated. Logistic regression analyses were performed to estimate variation across time, using 1991 as the reference category, and between industries, using knowledge intensive services as the reference category. Estimates for high job demands, low decision authority and poor social support were presented as average marginal effects (AMEs).


    The probabilities of reporting low decision authority were higher in education and health and social care during the whole study period, for both genders, compared with the reference category of knowledge intensive services. The probability of having high job demands were higher for men and women in education, and women in health and social care, compared with the reference category. Men in the male dominated industries had increased job demands over time, compared to the beginning of the study period (1991). The probability of reporting poor social support was higher in the later than in the earliest time period for women in the female-dominated industry health and social care as well as in the gender-mixed labour intensive services industry.


    There has been a negative development of job demands and decision authority in the female-dominated industries education and health and social care in Sweden, whereas social support has developed more negatively for women in health and social care and in labour intensive services.

  • 2019. Annika Härenstam, Anders Pousette, Erik Berntson. Economic and Industrial Democracy

    The demands on managers seem to have increased as a consequence of management reforms. This study evaluates interventions aimed at improving working conditions and performance of managers in the Swedish public sector by changing organizational conditions. Six intervention organizations were compared to 34 reference organizations. Organizational conditions relevant for managerial work were surveyed and the results presented to the management teams who decided on the action plans and implemented changes. Fidelity to the intentions and contextual circumstances were documented. A psychometrically tested questionnaire was used for pre- and post-measurements of effects among a sample of 303 managers. The results showed that the interventions were associated with changes in managers' quality of work and performance. The evaluation design made it possible to show that organizational conditions can be changed in order to improve the operations managers' situation if there is fidelity to the intentions and support from the strategic level management.

  • 2017. Urmi Nanda Biswas (et al.).

    This book discusses organizational values and their implications for perceived attractiveness and effectiveness of the workplace through cross-cultural research in India and Sweden. The authors provide information on how organizational values are conceptualized, presented and perceived by manager-level employees through cases from manufacturing, information technology (IT), healthcare, and education sectors in a developing and fast-growing economy like India versus a developed and stabilized economy like Sweden. Comparative results from these two very different countries provide knowledge that can be applied to make the workplace attractive in the context of globalized business processes. The authors present corporate social responsibility (CSR) and equal opportunities for men and women in the organization (EO) as important values in making the workplace attractive, where attractiveness is conceived in terms of organizational commitment and employees' intention to leave. The two selected values are particularly important as India is the first country in the world to come up with a mandatory CSR law, whereas Sweden has a long history of CSR and EO. The book demonstrates how work organizations in both countries are promoting these values to meet the challenges of attraction and retention of employees. The findings in this book are based on data gathered from various sources and sample groups in India and Sweden. The book generates insight and valuable information for researchers of organizational psychology, human resource management, cross-cultural management, as well as for work managers and HR professionals.

  • 2017. Annika Härenstam. Society, health and vulnerability 8

    Polarisation, segregation, exclusion, inequality, and vulnerability are real threats to our societies. What kind of research can identify and explain the mechanisms involved in creating what we need to strive for integration, inclusion, equality, and social sustainability? What kind of questions shall we raise? How can we decrease the gap between research and practice? In fact, striving to keep to the standards of excellent science might result in missing important aspects and new perspectives. There is a risk that within disciplines, science is too abstract and narrow-minded.

    My intention here is to share some reflections on how we can learn from earlier experiences of research on inequalities and to discuss some alternative ideas on approaches that might contribute applicable knowledge.

  • 2016. Linda Corin, Erik Berntson, Annika Härenstam. International Journal of Public Administration 39 (10), 790-802

    An important challenge for public organizations is to attract and retain skilled managers. The present study explores how profiles of psychosocial working conditions, assessed by the combination of managerial-specific job demands and job resources, longitudinally predict managers’ turnover intentions and actual turnover in Swedish municipalities. Considerable effects of managers’ psychosocial working conditions on turnover intentions but not on actual turnover were found. Thus, poor working conditions may result in psychologically detached managers in public organizations, which may have considerable and costly effects on both the organizations and the managers, in terms of decreased commitment, performance, and impaired health.

  • 2016. Lisa Björk, Annika Härenstam. Scandinavian Journal of Management 32 (4), 209-219

    In contrast to much research concerned with differences in male and female managers’ leadership strategies, this study focuses on how organizational arrangements vary for managers in differently genderized contexts; it explores the opportunities for frontline managers in municipal services to fulfil their assignment. The organisational preconditions for over 400 managers of municipal health and social care, education and technical services are analysed in a cross-level and comparative research design. The results indicate that managers of feminized care services work in an environment with fewer resources, less organisational support and larger spans of control, than managers in masculinized municipal services. These results shed light on meso-level mechanisms involved in the unequal distribution of health risks among men and women in working life.

  • 2015. Tina Forsberg Kankkunen, Annika Härenstam. Sprickor, öppningar & krackeleringar, 125-142

    När arbetsmiljö studeras i ett genusperspektiv talas i allmänhet i termer av kvinnors arbetsmiljö och förklaringar till ohälsa söks hos kvinnorna själva. Det talas sällan i termer av mäns arbetsmiljö. När det handlar om mansdominerade delar av arbetsmarknaden synliggörs istället arbetsvillkoren och ansträngningar görs för att förbättra dem. I detta bokkapitel argumenterar vi för att det är dags att sluta använda begreppet kvinnors arbetsmiljö. Arbetsmiljön är inte utformad efter kön och lösningarna hittas inte om analyser och åtgärder av arbetsmiljön baseras på särskiljande av kvinnor och män. Gör man det riskerar man att förklara arbetsmiljön med kön och riskerar att dölja att könsskillnader som syns i könsuppdelad statistik är konsekvenser av att arbetsmarknaden är segregerad och att det finns systematiska skillnader mellan typiskt kvinnliga och manliga verksamheter. För att synliggöra och förändra sådana könsskillnader i arbetsmiljön behövs ett fokus på de organisatoriska sammanhang som flertalet kvinnor och män finns i. Kapitlet handlar om hur arbetsmiljön kan förstås och studeras med ett genusperspektiv som tar fasta på den horisontella könssegregeringen och på hur de könssegregerade arbetsplatserna är organiserade.

  • 2015. Mia Söderberg (et al.). BMC Public Health 15

    Background: Despite improvements in treatment, acute coronary syndrome remains a substantial cause for prolonged sick absences and premature retirement. Knowledge regarding what benefits return to work is limited, especially the effect of psychological processes and psychosocial work factors. The purposes of this cross-sectional study were two-fold: to examine associations between adverse psychosocial job conditions and fear-avoidance beliefs towards work, and to determine whether such beliefs mediated the relationship between work conditions and expected return to work in acute coronary syndrome survivors.

    Methods: Study inclusion criteria: acute myocardial infarction or unstable angina diagnosis, below 65 years of age, being a resident in the West county of Sweden and currently working. In all, 509 individuals (21.8 % women) accepted study participation and for whom all data of study interest were available for analysis. Psychosocial work variables; job demand-control and effort-reward imbalance, were assessed with standard questionnaire batteries. Linear regression models were used to investigate relationships between psychosocial factors and fear-avoidance, and to evaluate mediator effects for fear-avoidance. Both total sample and gender stratified analyses were calculated.

    Results: Fear-avoidance beliefs about work were associated to psychosocial job environments characterized by high strain (β 1.4; CI 1.2–1.6), active and passive work and high effort-reward imbalance (β 0.6; CI 0.5–0.7). Further, such beliefs also mediated the relationship between adverse work conditions and expected time for return to work. However, these results were only observed in total sample analyses or among or male participants. For women only high strain was linked to fear-avoidance, and these relationships became non-significant when entering chosen confounders.

    Conclusions: This cross-sectional study showed that acute coronary syndrome survivors, who laboured under adverse psychosocial work conditions, held fear-avoidance beliefs towards their workplace. Furthermore, these beliefs mediated the relationships between - high strained or high effort-reward imbalanced work - and expected return to work. However, mentioned results were primarily found among men, which could results from few female study participants or gender differences in return to work mechanisms. Still, an earlier return to work might be promoted by interventions focusing on improved psychosocial work conditions and cognitive behavioural therapy targeting fear-avoidance beliefs.

  • 2015. Urmi Nanda Biswas (et al.). Indian journal of social work 76 (4), 521-536

    The research attempts to demonstrate the effectiveness of cognitive interview (CI) techniques used while finalising the survey instrument for establishing the conceptual equivalence of ethical values practiced by the managers of the selected organisations from Sweden and India. The results provided substantive insight into the cultural differences that influence ethical values in the organisations. The paper highlights the types and applications of CI in the study of the different fields of human behaviour.

Visa alla publikationer av Annika Härenstam vid Stockholms universitet

Senast uppdaterad: 20 januari 2020

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