Eleonora Mussino. Photo: Leila Zoubir/Stockholm University

Eleonora Mussino

Researcher, Docent

Visa sidan på svenska
Works at Department of Sociology
Telephone 08-16 20 04
Visiting address Universitetsvägen 10 B, plan 8
Room B 838
Postal address Sociologiska institutionen, Demografiska avdelningen 106 91 Stockholm

About me

Eleonora Mussino is a researcher at the Stockholm University Demography Unit (SUDA) she studies the interrelation between the demographic behaviors and the determinants of integration among migrants in Italy and Sweden.

Project leader

Influences of origin and destination on migrant fertility, read more here.

Most recent working papers:

SRRD 2019:17 Alderotti, Giammarco, Eleonora Mussino, Chiara Ludovica Comolli. Natives and Migrants’ Childbearing during the Great Recession. A Comparison between Italy and Sweden

SRRD 2019:15 Tønnesen, Marianne and Eleonora Mussino. Adaptation from below? Migrants from low-fertility countries in a high-fertility setting

SRRD 2018:24 Monti, Andrea, Sven Drefahl, Eleonora Mussino and Juho Härkönen, Over-coverage in Swedish Population Registers Leads to Bias in Demographic Estimates

SRRD 2018:03 Ambrosetti, Elena, Andrea Monti and Eleonora Mussino, Who Does It and Where? Economic integration of refugees in France and Sweden




A selection from Stockholm University publication database
  • 2019. Eleonora Mussino, Vitor Miranda, Li Ma. Journal of Population Research 36 (2), 81-109

    In this study, we investigate whether immigrant parents hold sex preferences for children in Sweden, a country that promotes gender equality and where parental preference for having a girl prevails. By applying event-history models to Swedish register data, we investigate the transition to third birth by the sex composition of children born among immigrants. In particular, we examine whether women who come from countries with strong son-preference cultures accelerate their process of having a third child if their prior children are both girls. We pay particular attention to immigrants from China, Korea, India and the former Yugoslavia, where son preference culture has been well documented in the literature. Our results show that women from China, Korea, India and the former Yugoslavia are more likely to have a third child if they have two girls than if they have two boys or a boy and a girl. Interestingly, mothers from China, Korea and India tends to accelerate their process to get a son, whereas mothers from the former Yugoslavia do not hasten. Furthermore, the 1.5 generation and the immigrant mothers with a Swedish partner from China, Korea and India demonstrate a girl preference, as the native Swedes do, whereas the 1.5 generation immigrant mothers from the former Yugoslavia do not show any sign of adaptation.

  • 2019. Eleonora Mussino, Jussi Tervola, Ann-Zofie Duvander. Journal of European Social Policy 29 (2), 197-212

    The use of parental leave by fathers varies notably between countries. However, the underlying reasons for cross-country differences have not been explicitly studied. We use migration between Finland and Sweden as an instrument to decompose the roles of policy design and social norms in the differences in take-up rates between these two countries. First, we inferred the role of policy by looking at fathers from the same country of origin in various policy contexts. Second, we deduced the role of norms by examining fathers who migrated at different ages and fathers with spouses of different origins. We find that the large cross-country differences in fathers' use of parental leave between Finland and Sweden mainly stem from differences in policy design. Norms seem to play a smaller but still significant role.

  • 2019. Anna Oksuzyan, Eleonora Mussino, Sven Drefahl. International Journal of Public Health 64 (3), 377-386

    ObjectivesIn the present study, we examine whether the relationships between country of origin or reason for migration and mortality differ between men and women.MethodsWe apply hazard regression models on high-quality Swedish register data with nationwide coverage.ResultsRelative to their Swedish counterparts, migrants from Nordic and East European (EU) countries and former Yugoslavia have higher mortality. This excess mortality among migrants relative to Swedes is more pronounced in men than in women. Migrants from Western and Southern European countries; Iran, Iraq, and Turkey; Central and South America; and Asia, have lower mortality than Swedes, and the size of the mortality reduction is similar in both sexes. The predictive effects of the reason for migration for mortality are also similar in migrant men and women.ConclusionsThis study provides little support for the hypothesis of a double survival advantage among immigrant women in Sweden. However, it does show that the excess mortality in migrants from Nordic and EU countries and former Yugoslavia relative to the Swedish-born population is more pronounced in men than in women.

  • 2018. Eleonora Mussino, Livia Elisa Ortensi. Comparative Population Studies 43, 243-274

    The role of the personal ideal family size for international migrants has rarely been studied in the current debate on fertility and migration in the European context. It is not known to which extent the reduction of fertility observed among immigrants who settle in a country where fertility is lower than in their country of origin is the result of a change in fertility norms among those immigrants. The study of migrants' ideals family size has the potential to shed light on fertility norms without the interference of economic conditions and migration-related disruptive phenomena. Due to the complexity of its migration context, Italy is an interesting destination country for studying changes in migrants' ideal family sizes. This paper uses data from the survey of the Italian National Institute of Statistics (ISTAT) on immigrant families conducted in 2011-12. We compare the personal ideal family size of women of reproductive age with the prevalent norm in their country of origin, applying a multinomial logistic regression analysis. Results show that the country of origin has an important role in the determination of immigrants' ideal family sizes. Women from countries where large families are the ideal are more likely to show a lower personal ideal family size compared to their non-migrant co-nationals, while women from countries where two children are considered ideal mostly share the same norm. The occurrence of fertility preferences expressed in a non-numeric form (e.g. Up to God) changes between women with different countries of origin. This study confirms that conformity with the ideal of the country of origin is more likely among women who migrated as adults. At the same time, the number of years spent in the destination country is not significantly associated with a shift away from the norms prevalent in the country of origin. Finally, female empowerment and gender equity show their effects mainly on the reduction of non-numeric responses.

  • 2018. Eleonora Mussino, Ann-Zofie Duvander, Li Ma. Population 73 (2), 381-400

    Does Time Count? Immigrant Fathers’ Use of Parental Leave for a First Child in Sweden

    This study aims to investigate immigrant fathers' use of parental leave for a first child in Sweden from 1995 to 2010. The issue of immigrant fathers' uptake of parental leave is particularly well suited to assess the integrative aspects of family policies and for studying immigrants' integration because it reflects labour market participation and acceptance of gender-equal parental norms. Using data from Swedish population registers, we find that immigrant fathers do take parental leave but not to the same extent as Swedish-born fathers do, and they do not respond equally to policy changes. Our most important finding is that immigrant fathers increase their leave use with time spent in Sweden, indicating an adaptation to the leave-use pattern of Swedish-born fathers. We also find that individual income, as well as the mothers' characteristics, are strong determinants of parental leave use.

  • 2018. Sol Juárez, Eleonora Mussino, Anders Hjern. Scandinavian Journal of Public Health

    Aims: to evaluate whether the information on refugee status based on the residence permit is a useful source of information for perinatal health surveillance. Methods: using the Swedish population registers (1997-2012), we use multinomial regression models to assess the associations between migration status (refugee and non-refugee) and birth outcomes derived from birthweight and gestational age: low birthweight (lBW) (<2500 g), macrosomia (≥4000 g); preterm: (<37 w) and post-term (≥42 w). The Swedish-born population was used as a reference group. Results: Compared to the Swedish-born population, an increased OR (odds ratio) of lBW and post-term was found among migrants with and without refugee status (respectively: OR for refugees: 1.47 [95% CI: 1.33-1.63] and non-refugees:1.27 [95% CI: 1.18-1.38], for refugees: 1.41 [95% CI: 1.35-1.49] and non-refugees:1.04 [95% CI: 1.00-1.08]) with statistically significant differences between these two migrant categories. However, when looking at specific regions of origin, few regions show differences by refugee status. Compared to Swedes, lower or equal ORs of preterm and macrosomia are observed regardless of migratory status. Conclusions: Small or no differences were observed in birth outcomes among offspring of women coming from the same origin with different migratory status, compared to their Swedish counterparts. This suggests that information on migration status is not a relevant piece of information to identify immigrant women at higher risk of experiencing adverse reproductive outcomes. Our results however might be explained by the large proportion of women coming to Sweden for family reunification who are classified as non-refugee migrants.

  • 2017. Jussi Tervola, Ann-Zofie Duvander, Eleonora Mussino. Social Politics 24 (3), 269-297

    The gender differences in labor force participation and take-up of parental leave are accentuated in immigrant populations. This study examines whether certain policy features of parental leave are effective in leveling out the gendered differences among immigrants. We compare two distinct policy contexts, Finland and Sweden, and analyze the impacts of three policy reforms. Our results imply that policy features such as the earmarking of days and flexibility are the reason why immigrant fathers' take-up of leave is higher in Sweden. However, analysis of policy reforms suggests that other contextual factors also play a role.

  • 2016. Eleonora Mussino, Ann-Zofie Duvander. European Journal of Population 32 (2), 189-210

    Sweden is a welfare state with a family policy that strongly emphasizes equality without distinction by place of birth or gender. In this study, we investigate the differences in uptake of parental leave between native and immigrant mothers, and the connection to labour-market attachment. Sweden represents a unique case study, not only because of the strong effort to combine work and family for all women and men, the high level of fertility and the large presence of immigrants in the country; it also enables a detailed and sophisticated analysis based on the high-quality data derived from its population registers. We find that immigrant mothers use more parental leave benefit the first year after their child's birth, but then fewer in the second year compared with native mothers. The differences diminish when labour-market activity is controlled for. Additionally, after a time in Sweden, immigrant mothers use leave more similarly to how native mothers do.

  • 2016. Ann-Zofie Duvander, Eleonora Mussino. Socialvetenskaplig tidskrift 23 (3-4), 259-282
  • 2015. Eleonora Mussino (et al.). Demographic Research 33, 653-664

    BACKGROUND The international literature highlights the strong impact of the high risk of childbearing shortly after migration on period fertility, thus establishing a link between reproductive behaviors and migratory transitions. OBJECTIVE The present study aims to analyze how migration affects motherhood and the role played by country of citizenship. Although most of the literature has focused on analyzing post-immigration fertility behaviors, in the present work we follow the women for their entire fertility period. METHODS The data were collected in the 2010 ORIM survey, conducted by the Region of Lombardy and the Ismu Foundation. The survey covered about 8,000 immigrants in Lombardy, of whom 3,848 were women aged 14 years and over from less developed countries or Central/Eastern Europe. Using Event History Analysis, we applied discrete-time logit models to study the transition into motherhood. RESULTS Moroccans are characterized by a strong interrelation effect between fertility and migration. Moroccans and Albanians are the national groups with the highest risk of having a first child during the years shortly after migration. Migration does not seem to have any effect on the fertility behavior of Romanians, who have a lower risk of having a child regardless of their migration status. CONCLUSIONS The study confirms the importance of the interrelationship between migratory and reproductive behaviors. It also highlights the different effects by country of citizenship, where different citizenships are often associated with different migration patterns and distinct gender roles.

  • 2014. Stefano Rigattieri (et al.). The Journal of invasive cardiology 26 (9), 469-474

    Background. Although transradial access (TRA) is being increasingly used in interventional cardiology, there are concerns about a possible increase in radiation exposure (RE) as compared to transfemoral access (TFA). Methods. In this retrospective study, we aimed to compare RE during coronary angiography and percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI) according to the vascular access route (TRA vs TFA). We included all procedures performed in our laboratory, in which RE data (dose area product, were available, from May 2009 to May 2013. Both multiple linear regression analysis and propensity score matching were performed in order to compare RE between TRA and TFA after adjusting for clinical and procedural confounders. Results. DAP values were available for 1396 procedures; TRA rate was 82.6%. TRA patients were younger, less frequently female, and had higher body mass index as compared to TFA patients; the rates of PCI, ad hoc PCI, bypass angiography, thrombus aspiration, and primary angioplasty, as well as the number of stents implanted, fluoroscopy time, and contrast dose were significantly higher in TFA. Median DAP value was significantly higher in TFA than in TRA (9670 vs 7635; P<.01). After adjusting for clinical and procedural confounders, vascular access was not found to be an independent predictor of RE at multiple regression analysis; this was also confirmed by stratified comparison of DAP values by quintiles of propensity score. Conclusion. After adjusting for clinical and procedural confounders, TRA was not found to be associated with increased RE as compared to TFA in an experienced TRA center.

  • 2014. Eleonora Mussino, Salvatore Strozza, Laura Terzera. ), Uno come te. Europei e nuovi europei nei percorsi di integrazione
  • 2013. Francesca Lariccia (et al.). Genus 69 (2), 35-51

    The number of foreigners inItalyhas been steadily growing over the last decades. This trend is accompanied by a parallel increase of the number of new-borns who have foreign parents. The aim of the present study is to compare the access and the adequacy of antenatal care for both Italian and foreign women, by controlling for demographic and socio-economic characteristics. Our source is the Certificates of Healthcare at Delivery (2003). Three appropriate indicators of frequency and adequacy of antenatal care have been constructed: 1) time of first visit; 2) number of visits and 3) number of scans. The factors which influence Italian and foreign womens’ access to antenatal care have been identified by using multinomial logistic regression models, in which time of the first visit is the dependent variable. Regarding healthcare received during the pregnancy, we show that strong inequalities in terms of both promptness and level of care persist between Italian and foreign women. Foreign women, particularly those without residency,- experience a delay in their first interaction with antenatal care services. The results of the present study prompt us to question the effectiveness of the policies for providing information to foreign women.

Show all publications by Eleonora Mussino at Stockholm University


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Last updated: December 17, 2019

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