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Philosophy of Science II

The course builds on the introductory course Philosophy of Science I. It offers a closer look at some selected topics that play an important role in contemporary philosophy of science.

One focus of the course is Bayesian confirmation theory. The probabilistic framework is introduced, some problems and limitations of the approach are addressed and a number of applications of Bayesian confirmation are presented. A second topic is abductive reasoning. Various perspectives on abductive inference are discussed and the relation between abductive reasoning and Bayesian confirmion is analyzed.