Stockholms universitet

Ingvild Almås beviljas ERC Consolidator Grant

Nationalekonomen Ingvild Almås är en av de forskare som nu beviljas det prestigefyllda ERC Consolidator Grant. Detta för forskning om ekonomisk ojämlikhet, såväl inom hushåll som på global nivå.

Ingvild Almås
Professor Ingvild Almås.
Foto: Hanna Weitz

ERC Consolidator Grant är ett av de mest prestigefyllda anslagen till enskilda forskare från European Research Council (ERC). Det ingår i EU:s ramprogram Horisont Europa och tilldelas forskare som kommit en bit i karriären för att hjälpa dem att konsolidera sina forskargrupper och bedriva banbrytande forskning. I denna omgång beviljas 313 forskare från 42 länder anslag. I hela Europa var beviljandegraden 11,8 procent.

Ingvild Almås, professor vid Institutet för internationell ekonomi, Stockholms universitet, är en av 15 svenska forskare som beviljas anslag. Hon tilldelas två miljoner euro under fem år för projektet ”From Household Allocations to Global Inequality: New Methods, Facts and Policy Implications”.

Läs mer om Ingvild Almås 

Sammanfattning av Ingvild Almås projekt (från ansökan)
To understand and mitigate economic inequalities, both locally and globally, we need to acknowledge inequalities within households. Yet, in most empirical studies, such intra-household inequalities are disregarded mainly because we lack appropriate measurement tools and data. Not only is this problematic for inequality measurement, this lack of understanding hampers the design of cost-effective poverty reduction and child development policies. This project has five general objectives.

First, I will update the facts about inequalities through direct measurement of intra-household consumption allocations, and relate these to spousal income contributions.

Second, I will develop and validate novel measures of parental resource-allocation preferences and use these to study whether children are likely to benefit more if mothers, rather than fathers, receive cash transfers.

Third, I will develop and validate novel measures of household decision-making and use these to investigate how targeted transfers shape women’s empowerment.

Fourth, I will study whether cash transfers or an educational parenting program is most cost-efficient for child development.

Fifth, I will use an integrated framework and the new tools and data, to refine our understanding of the mechanisms behind inequalities among adults and child development.

Concretely, the project will contribute to our knowledge in the following specific ways. I will carry out an extensive data collection on intra-household allocations, parental-allocation preferences and women’s empowerment, in ten very diverse countries, one from each decile of the world income distribution. I will engage in a local RCT in Tanzania on cash transfers and parenting, which also involves extensive data collection on household consumption, time use, preferences and decision-making. Finally, I will conduct lab experiments in Chile, India and Tanzania so as to validate the parental-allocation preference and decision-making measures.