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Alexander MiethingForskare/universitetslektor

Om mig

Jag är sociolog och forskare vid Institutionen för folkhälsovetenskap, Stockholms universitet.

Mitt primära forskningsområde handlar om sociala bestämmandefaktorer för hälsa, särskilt med individuella och samhälleliga aspekter på sociala ojämlikheter, och hur de kan kopplas till hälsa. Ett särskilt intresse är på socialt kapital, sociala relationer och nätverk, och hur dessa domäner relaterar till välbefinnande och hälsobeteenden.

Forskningsprojekt

Publikationer

I urval från Stockholms universitets publikationsdatabas

  • Social network characteristics and alcohol use by ethnic origin

    2021. Nina-Katri Gustafsson (et al.). PLOS ONE 16 (4)

    Artikel

    The study explores how social network determinants relate to the prevalence and frequency of alcohol use among peer dyads. It is studied how similar alcohol habits co-exist amongpersons (egos) and their peers (alters) when socio-demographic similarity (e.g., in ethnicorigin), network composition and other socio-cultural aspects were considered. Data was ego-based responses derived from a Swedish national survey with a cohort of 23-year olds.The analytical sample included 7987 ego-alter pairs, which corresponds to 2071 individuals(egos). A so-called dyadic design was applied i.e., all components of the analysis refer to ego-alter pairs (dyads). Multilevel multinomial-models were used to analyse similarity in alcohol habits in relation to ego-alter similarity in ethnic background, religious beliefs, age, sex, risk-taking, educational level, closure in network, duration, and type of relationship, as well as interactions between ethnicity and central network characteristics. Ego-alter similarity in terms of ethnic origin, age and sex was associated with ego-alter similarity in alcohol use. That both ego and alters were non-religious and were members of closed networks also had an impact on similarity in alcohol habits. It was concluded that network similarity might be an explanation for the co-existence of alcohol use among members of peer networks.

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  • Decline of depressive symptoms in Europe

    2021. Johannes Beller (et al.). Social Psychiatry and Psychiatric Epidemiology 56, 1249-1262

    Artikel

    Purpose: We examined changes in the burden of depressive symptoms between 2006 and 2014 in 18 European countries across different age groups.

    Methods: We used population-based data drawn from the European Social Survey (N = 64.683, 54% female, age 14–90 years) covering 18 countries (Austria, Belgium, Denmark, Estonia, Finland, France, Germany, Great Britain, Hungary, Ireland, The Netherlands, Norway, Poland, Portugal, Slovenia, Spain, Sweden, Switzerland) from 2006 to 2014. Depressive symptoms were measured via the CES-D 8. Generalized additive models, multilevel regression, and linear regression analyses were conducted.

    Results: We found a general decline in CES-D 8 scale scores in 2014 as compared with 2006, with only few exceptions in some countries. This decline was most strongly pronounced in older adults, less strongly in middle-aged adults, and least in young adults. Including education, health and income partially explained the decline in older but not younger or middle-aged adults.

    Conclusions: Burden of depressive symptoms decreased in most European countries between 2006 and 2014. However, the decline in depressive symptoms differed across age groups and was most strongly pronounced in older adults and least in younger adults. Future studies should investigate the mechanisms that contribute to these overall and differential changes over time in depressive symptoms.

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