I am a post doctoral researcher at the Department of Sociology at Stockholm University and Institut National d’Études Démographiques (INED). I am working on my international postdoc project, Social Ties and Immigrant Integration: Bridging and Bonding Ties in France and Sweden. I am also involved in the 3GEN project at INED, The transmission of Social Disadvantage in Immigrant and Native Families Across Three Generations in France (PI Mathieu Ichou). Within these two projects, my research focuses on the socioeconomic outcomes of migrants and their descendants in France and in Sweden, and addresses how these are shaped by neighborhood, school and workplace segregation. I am specialized in quantitative methods and have experience working both with register and survey data. My PhD thesis examined how policy impacts migration and integration in the Nordic and Mexico-U.S. settings. In connection with my research on the U.S. context, I did a research stay at Princeton University in 2017/18. I hold a master's degree in Sociology from the London School of Economics and have a background in humanities from University College London.
I have previously held seminars in the courses Mesosociology, Ethnicity and Migration, Quantitative Sociology, Introduction to Quantitative Data Management and Statistics, and Basic Sociology at the Department of Sociology at Stockholm University. I have also supervised undergraduate theses in Sociology and Demography.
My research is situated within my international postdoc and the 3GEN project at INED:
- Social Ties and Immigrant Integration: Bridging and Bonding Ties in France and Sweden (Funded by the Swedish Research Council for Health, Working Life and Welfare (FORTE); 2021-2023). Increased rates of immigration have led to rising concerns about integration in Europe. Social ties are often argued to promote integration by helping immigrants locate work and housing. However, recent studies highlight the complexity in the relationship between social ties and integration. Bridging ties, such as native contacts, generally promote economic outcomes. They can also strengthen positive attitudes and further integration, as intergroup contact theory argues. However, when immigrant groups are large and unified, this can induce feelings of threat among the native population, as ethnic competition theory expects. Bonding ties or co-ethnic contacts may then act as a safety network. Thus, diversity can promote integration but may also lead to barriers to integration and the role of social ties depends on the context. This project assesses how social ties impact integration in two countries with distinct migration histories. While immigration to France is dominated by immigrants from former colonies such as Algeria and Morocco, refugees and family reunion migrants make up the bulk of immigrants in Sweden. This project exploits the French Trajectories and Origins (TeO) survey and Swedish register data to investigate how immigrants’ tendency to have bridging and bonding ties differs in France and Sweden. It also assesses how social ties shape integration with a focus on the school-to-work transition and NEET (not in education, employment or training) among second-generation immigrants. While immigrants may experience a number of disruptions related to relocation, the decisive test is often thought to be the successful integration of their children. Considering that men and women’s economic activity differs between immigrants and natives in the two countries, gender differences will be addressed throughout. The project’s results will make important empirical and theoretical contributions and will moreover have direct implications for integration policies.
- The transmission of Social Disadvantage in Immigrant and Native Families Across Three Generations in France (3GEN) (PI Mathieu Ichou; Funded by Agence Nationale de la recherche (ANR); 2021-2025). The project describes patterns of social inequality and social reproduction among native and immigrant families across three generations using the Trajectoires et Origines 2 (TeO2) survey and in-depth interviews. In a second step, it aims to explain the mechanisms underlying social reproduction and mobility within immigrant families. My focus lies on studying spatial and socioeconomic outcomes across generations, origin, and gender.
In my PhD thesis, Borders and Barriers, I examined the links between migration and integration patterns and migrants' ties to the home and destination country. I focused on two ultimately distinct settings when it comes to the borders and barriers that migrants face: the Nordic and Mexico-U.S. settings. Until recently, Swedish migration policy was among the most welcoming to migrants from different parts of the world. Migration within the Nordic countries, in particular, is characterized by open borders. By contrast, Mexico and the U.S. are separated by an increasingly militarized border and internal policing of migrants has risen dramatically. Consequently, these two settings provide contrasting and interesting examples of the relationship between the policy context and migrants' experiences.
A selection from Stockholm University publication database
Borders and Barriers
2020. Rosa Weber (et al.).Thesis (Doc)
International migration engages large numbers of people. Men, women and children break up from their homes and move to another country temporarily or permanently. Depending on the country of origin and the destination, this comes with varying degrees of uncertainties about where to settle, how much to invest in building a new life abroad and how to retain ties to the country of origin. In recent years, policies have become increasingly salient for migrants’ experiences. They impact entry possibilities and the ease of travelling back home. Increased policing of migrants can interfere in the building of a new life abroad and contribute to stress and apprehension felt among both migrants and their children. To some extent counteracting this, family and friends may provide newly arrived migrants with information on job opportunities and facilitate the transition into the new country.
This dissertation analyses the links between migration and integration patterns and migrants’ ties to the home and destination country. It does this in two ultimately distinct settings when it comes to the borders and barriers that migrants face: the Nordic and Mexico-U.S. settings. Until recently, Swedish migration policy was among the most welcoming to migrants from different parts of the world. Migration within the Nordic countries, in particular, is characterised by open borders. By contrast, Mexico and the U.S. are separated by an increasingly militarised border and internal policing of migrants has risen dramatically. Consequently, these settings provide contrasting and interesting examples of the relationship between the policy context and migrants’ experiences.
Study 1 shows that many moves are temporary and short term in the Nordic setting of free mobility. Still, the threshold to the first move is notably higher than for subsequent moves. Study 2 reveals that rising deportations of Mexican migrants in the U.S. are associated with a shift from savings brought home to the sending of remittances. Afraid of a sudden arrest or deportation, migrants maintain transnational ties by sending remittances back to Mexico rather than carrying savings across the border. Study 3 investigates the different roles that social contacts play for male and female migrants’ integration into the Swedish labour market. Whereas friends provide men with benefits in the labour market, women’s job search is often constrained by factors linked to having family in Sweden. Study 4 shows that the implementation of local level immigration enforcement in the U.S. has a negative impact on district level average educational achievement among Hispanic students. This indicates that integration and resulting ethnic achievement gaps are shaped by increased policing and surveillance of migrants.
This dissertation reveals a series of complex relationships between migration, integration and policies. Family and kin influence migration decisions also when barriers to movement are low. In the new country, kin can assist migrants’ job search or slow it down when newly arrived migrants are expected to care for them. Policing of migrants makes it more difficult to return and may affect migrants’ abilities to invest in building a new life, as indicated by negative effects for educational outcomes among groups targeted by immigration enforcement. Taken together, these factors shape the experiences and life chances of both migrants and their children in the new country.
Circular migration in a context of free mobility
2019. Rosa Weber, Jan Saarela. Population, Space and Place 25 (4)Article
Circular migration in settings of free mobility has received increasing policy attention. However, due to data constraints, little is known about the mechanisms underlying it. Using linked Finnish and Swedish register data that allow us to follow Finnish migrants across national borders, we analyse whether the determinants of circular migration differ from those of the first and return move. People move freely between Sweden and Finland, as they are in the common Nordic labour market. Event history analysis shows that many moves are temporary and short term. Moreover, the patterns of circular migration reflect those of the first emigration and first return, respectively. Swedish speakers and individuals who are not married are more prone to emigrate for the first and second time, whereas Finnish speakers and married individuals have a higher risk of return migration. This implies that circular migration may amplify demographic features related to emigration and return migration.
Assessment of educational misclassification in register-based data on Finnish immigrants in Sweden
2017. Jan Saarela, Rosa Weber. Scandinavian Journal of Public Health 45, 20-24Article
Aim: In population registers, information on completed schooling is either missing or misclassified for a large proportion of newly arrived immigrants. It is unclear how quickly the information is updated and whether misclassification, i.e., that the wrong level of education is recorded, biases empirical estimates. Methods: We use unique linked Swedish and Finnish register data to determine the extent of such mismeasurement. By running logistic regressions on zero earnings, we also illustrate how mismeasurement might influence the estimated effects of education on health or labour market outcomes. Results: We find a considerable bias in estimates based on Swedish records of educational attainment during immigrants' first few years in the country. Misclassification is additionally very common, even when information on educational attainment exists. Conclusions: These findings suggest that research and policies using recently arrived immigrants' completed schooling as a determinant of socioeconomic integration need to be interpreted with care.
Financial knowledge, attitude and behavior: evidence from the Austrian Survey of Financial Literacy
2020. Pirmin Fessler, Maria Silgoner, Rosa Weber. Empirica 47 (4), 929-947Article
This paper provides an in-depth analysis of the links between financial knowledge, attitude and behavior, based on the Austrian contribution to the OECD/INFE survey on financial literacy. Our analysis gives evidence of causal effects of financial knowledge on financial behavior, using a new instrument based on respondents' newspaper reading habits. We confirm that the selection bias is likely negative, i.e. we would underestimate the causal effect of knowledge on behavior in a classical regression setting. Furthermore, we provide mediation analyses, showing that about 13% of the causal effect of knowledge on behavior is mediated through financial attitude.