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Rosa Weber

Researcher

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Works at Department of Sociology
Email rosa.weber@sociology.su.se
Visiting address Universitetsvägen 10 B, plan 9
Room B820
Postal address Sociologiska institutionen 106 91 Stockholm

About me

Rosa Weber is a newly appointed PhD in Sociology. Her research focuses on migration outcomes in the Nordic context and the Mexico-U.S. setting. Specifically, she studies circular migration in a setting of free mobility between Finland and Sweden and migrants' labour market integration in Sweden. Her studies on the Mexico-U.S. context focus on the increasingly militarized border between Mexico and the U.S. and its impact on migrants' remittance and savings behaviour as well as Hispanic students' educational outcomes. In order to study these two contexts she analyzes a number of different data sets: linked Finnish and Swedish register data, Swedish and U.S. survey data and administrative data from the U.S. In connection with her research on the U.S. context, she did a research stay at Princeton University last year. She is a member of Register-based Research in Nordic Demography and the Stockholm University SIMSAM Node for Demographic Research, as well as, the SIMSAM graduate school (SINGS). She is also a member of Stockholm University Linnaeus Center on Social Policy and family Dynamics in Europe (SPaDE), Tackling Inequalities in Time of Economic Austerity (TITA) and the Migrant Trajectories project. 

Teaching

Rosa Weber has held seminars and exercises for the courses "Ethnicity and Migration", "Basic Sociology", "Introduction to Quantitative Data Management and Statistics", and  "Quantitative Sociology" at the Department.

Research

Rosa's research focuses on migration in the Nordic countries and between Mexico and US. She continues her collaboration with Jan Saarela (Åbo Akademi, Finland) in their project using linked Finnish and Swedish register data to study circular migration between the two countries. She is also working on a single authored paper studying gender differences in the relationship between migrants' social contacts and labour market integration in Sweden. Additionally, in Princeton she started a collaboration with Doulgas Massey (Princeton University) to write a paper titled "Increased border enforcement and deportations: Assessing Effects on Remittance Flows to Mexico from migrants in the United States”​.

Publications

A selection from Stockholm University publication database
  • Thesis (Doc) Borders and Barriers
    2020. Rosa Weber (et al.).

    International migration engages large numbers of people. Men, women and children break up from their homes and move to another country temporarily or permanently. Depending on the country of origin and the destination, this comes with varying degrees of uncertainties about where to settle, how much to invest in building a new life abroad and how to retain ties to the country of origin. In recent years, policies have become increasingly salient for migrants’ experiences. They impact entry possibilities and the ease of travelling back home. Increased policing of migrants can interfere in the building of a new life abroad and contribute to stress and apprehension felt among both migrants and their children. To some extent counteracting this, family and friends may provide newly arrived migrants with information on job opportunities and facilitate the transition into the new country.

    This dissertation analyses the links between migration and integration patterns and migrants’ ties to the home and destination country. It does this in two ultimately distinct settings when it comes to the borders and barriers that migrants face: the Nordic and Mexico-U.S. settings. Until recently, Swedish migration policy was among the most welcoming to migrants from different parts of the world. Migration within the Nordic countries, in particular, is characterised by open borders. By contrast, Mexico and the U.S. are separated by an increasingly militarised border and internal policing of migrants has risen dramatically. Consequently, these settings provide contrasting and interesting examples of the relationship between the policy context and migrants’ experiences.

    Study 1 shows that many moves are temporary and short term in the Nordic setting of free mobility. Still, the threshold to the first move is notably higher than for subsequent moves. Study 2 reveals that rising deportations of Mexican migrants in the U.S. are associated with a shift from savings brought home to the sending of remittances. Afraid of a sudden arrest or deportation, migrants maintain transnational ties by sending remittances back to Mexico rather than carrying savings across the border. Study 3 investigates the different roles that social contacts play for male and female migrants’ integration into the Swedish labour market. Whereas friends provide men with benefits in the labour market, women’s job search is often constrained by factors linked to having family in Sweden. Study 4 shows that the implementation of local level immigration enforcement in the U.S. has a negative impact on district level average educational achievement among Hispanic students. This indicates that integration and resulting ethnic achievement gaps are shaped by increased policing and surveillance of migrants.

    This dissertation reveals a series of complex relationships between migration, integration and policies. Family and kin influence migration decisions also when barriers to movement are low. In the new country, kin can assist migrants’ job search or slow it down when newly arrived migrants are expected to care for them. Policing of migrants makes it more difficult to return and may affect migrants’ abilities to invest in building a new life, as indicated by negative effects for educational outcomes among groups targeted by immigration enforcement. Taken together, these factors shape the experiences and life chances of both migrants and their children in the new country.

  • 2017. Jan Saarela, Rosa Weber. Scandinavian Journal of Public Health 45, 20-24

    Aim: In population registers, information on completed schooling is either missing or misclassified for a large proportion of newly arrived immigrants. It is unclear how quickly the information is updated and whether misclassification, i.e., that the wrong level of education is recorded, biases empirical estimates. Methods: We use unique linked Swedish and Finnish register data to determine the extent of such mismeasurement. By running logistic regressions on zero earnings, we also illustrate how mismeasurement might influence the estimated effects of education on health or labour market outcomes. Results: We find a considerable bias in estimates based on Swedish records of educational attainment during immigrants' first few years in the country. Misclassification is additionally very common, even when information on educational attainment exists. Conclusions: These findings suggest that research and policies using recently arrived immigrants' completed schooling as a determinant of socioeconomic integration need to be interpreted with care.

Show all publications by Rosa Weber at Stockholm University

Last updated: February 11, 2020

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