Susanne Kratzer

Susanne Kratzer

Forskare, Docent

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Works at Department of Ecology, Environment and Plant Sciences
Telephone 08-16 10 59
Visiting address Svante Arrhenius väg 20 A
Room N 254
Postal address Institutionen för ekologi miljö och botanik 106 91 Stockholm


I have been involved in university teaching since 1989. I have taught in a large variety of subjects spanning from plant physiology over marine biology, ecology of macroalgae and phytoplankton, physical oceanography as well as marine remote sensing.

Recently, I have mostly taught Bio-optical Oceanography and Marine Remote Sensing on basic, Masters and PhD level at Stockholm University (DEEP and Department of Physical Geography), and at KTH. 

I have also been invited lecturer for the ERASMUS Mundus Masters course on Water and Coastal Managment. I taught at Plymouth University, UK and at the University of the Algarve, Faro (2005-2010).

During 2008-2016 I was main coordinator for the Nordic Network for Baltic Sea Remote Sensing and coordinated the PhD training and scientific workshops for the network: Nordic Network Events.

My total teaching hours amount to 30 ECTS (13 ECTS on basic level, 9 ECTS on Master level and 8 ECTS on PhD level). 

I have done more than 10 ECTS in formal university pedagogics training and I have published four book chapters on bio-optics and ocean colour remote sensing. I have also contributed to making a film section on 'The colour of the Baltic Sea' in the film: The Science of Ocean Colour, directed by Roland Doerffer (46 min).

Masters project on chromatic adaptation currently available in the group.


My research focus is on large-scale process studies of aquatic ecosystems, using bio-optical and remote sensing methods. My PhD thesis included a comparative study of the Irish Sea and the Baltic Sea in terms of bio-optical properties and is relevant both for ecological considerations as well as for marine remote sensing.

The strength of ocean colour research is that one uses a range of methods and scales of observations that provide us with a synoptic ‘window’ for the analysis of pelagic ecosystems, and therefore may lead to new understanding of these systems. Remote sensing data provide us with information on physical drivers and productivity in the sea (e.g. attenuation of light, wind, and sea surface temperature) and can help to monitor phytoplankton blooms. It also provides important information to evaluate the on-set of phytoplankton blooms in spring and the development of cyanobacteria blooms in summer, and to assess changes in phenology.

A strong focus in my research is to define the inherent optical properties of the Baltic Sea and to develop regional remote sensing algorithms (fundamental research). I have 20 years of experience in validating satellite data and I am active member of ESA's MERIS and Sentinel-3 validation teams. I am also PI of the NASA AERONET-OC station Pålgrunden. My research has also contibuted towards implementation of marine remote sensing methods in coastal and Baltic Sea management (applied research).

Currently, I am guest editor for a Special Issue in Remote Sensing.

I have experience on all levels of project management and have led both national as well as international research projects. My research has been funded by Mistra, the Wallenberg Foundation, the Swedish National Space Board, The European Space Agency, The Swedish Research Council (VR), Formas, as well as a number of EU FP5, FP6 & FP7 projects.

In my group, there is currently a PhD student, Dmytro Kyryliuk, who will defend his thesis on Friday, 27 September 2019, and my  Master student, Mattew Plowey has recently completed his training. My previouse PhD student, Elina Kari, defended her thesis  ‘Light conditions in seasonally ice-covered waters’ on 7 September 2018.  Besides this, Jose Beltrán-Abaunza defended his PhD thesis ‘Remote sensing in optically complex waters - water quality assessment using MERIS data’ in Jan 2016, and Therese Harvey defended her PhD thesis ‘Bio-optics, satellite remote sensing and Baltic Sea ecosystems - Applications for monitoring and management’ in Oct 2015 with me as main supervisor.

I also have close collaborations with Professor Agneta Andersson (Umeå University)  and Professor Emeritus Matti Leppäranta (University of Helsinki), Jenni Attila (Senior Researcher in Remote Sensing Group, SYKE, Helsinki), Dr Anu Reinhart and Dr. Krista Alikas (Tartu Observatory, University of Tartu), Gerald Moore (Bio-Optika, UK), Dr. Carsten Brockmann (Brockmann Consult GmbH, Germany), Dr. Niklas Strömbeck (Strömbeck Consulting) and Dr. Petra Philipson (Vice MD, Brockmann Geomatics Sweden AB).


Selected publications

Kratzer, S. and Moore, G., 2018. Inherent Optical Properties of the Baltic Sea in Comparison to Other Seas and Oceans. Remote Sensing, 10(3), p.418. Link to the article

Alikas, K. and Kratzer, S., 2017. Improved retrieval of Secchi depth for optically-complex waters using remote sensing data. Ecological Indicators, 77: 218-227.

Kari, E, Kratzer, S., Beltrán-Abaunza, J, Harvey, ET and Vaičiūtė, D, 2016. Retrieval of suspended particulate matter from turbidity– model development, validation, and application to MERIS data over the Baltic Sea; International Journal of Remote Sensing, 1-21.  Link to the article.

Harvey T., Kratzer S., Andersson, A., 2015, Relationships between Coloured Dissolved Organic Matter (CDOM) and Dissolved Organic Carbon (DOC) in different coastal gradients of the Baltic Sea, Ambio 44 (3), 392-401.

Kratzer, S., Harvey, T. and Philipson, P., 2014, The use of ocean colour remote sensing in integrated coastal zone management- a case study from Himmerfjärden, Sweden. Marine Policy 43, 29–39.

Kratzer, K. and Vinterhav, C., 2010, Improvement of MERIS data in Baltic Sea coastal areas by applying the Improved Contrast between Ocean and Land processor (ICOL), Oceanologia, 51(4): 1-26.

Kratzer, S. and Tett, P., 2009, Using bio-optics to investigate the extent of coastal waters a Swedish case study, Hydrobiologia, 629:169-186.

Kratzer, S., Brockmann, C. and Moore G., 2008, Using MERIS full resolution data (300 m spatial resolution) to monitor coastal waters– a case study from Himmerfjärden, a fjord-like bay in the north-western Baltic Sea, Remote Sensing of Environment, 112(5), 2284-2300.

Kratzer, S., Håkansson, B., and Sahlin, C., 2003, Assessing Secchi and photic zone depth in the Baltic Sea from Space, Ambio, 32:8, 577-585.

Kratzer, S., Bowers, D. and Tett, P., 2000, Seasonal changes in colour ratios and optically active constituents in the optical Case-2 waters of the Menai Strait, North Wales, International Journal of Remote Sensing, 21 (11): 2225-2246.

Last updated: July 7, 2019

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