Research project Risk and resilience (RISE)
Risk and resilience: Pathways to (ill)health among men and women with experiences of childhood adversity (RISE)
The living conditions of the family are of fundamental importance for children’s health. Growing up under adverse circumstances in the home may lead to vulnerability that increases the risks for poor mental and physical health.
These risks tend to persist and accumulate throughout the life course, thereby contributing to the maintenance and reinforcement of health inequalities. A large number of children experiencing adversity nevertheless fare relatively well in late life. What makes these children resilient remains overlooked, despite the potential of such knowledge to inform intervention models.
The newly updated Stockholm Birth Cohort Multigenerational Study (SBC Multigen), which prospectively follows a cohort of 14,608 men and women from birth until retirement age (1953-2018), offers a unique opportunity to expand our understanding of the ways in which processes of risk and resilience may link childhood adversity to health outcomes throughout the life course.
As a starting point, we will investigate how childhood adversity is associated with the risk of morbidity and mortality across adulthood, in terms of reproductive health problems, outpatient care, inpatient care, sick leave, early retirement, and premature death.
Thanks to recent advances in statistical models for life course data, we are able to account for more complex patterns of health outcomes. Furthermore, we will explore a set of potentially protective factors present in contexts outside of the family, such as the school.
The development of methods for decomposing statistical effects makes it possible to determine the extent to which these factors mediate (explain) and/or moderate (influence) the association between childhood adversity and health in adulthood. In addition, the gendered nature of the life course will be addressed throughout the project. Taken together, the studies comprising this project may contribute to the development of policy measures aiming to reduce health inequalities.
Ylva Brännström Almquist
Study Director/Associate Professor
Senior Lecturer, Associate Professor
Association of Child Placement in Out-of-Home Care With Trajectories of Hospitalization Because of..
Almquist, Y. B. et al. (2020) Association of Child Placement in Out-of-Home Care With Trajectories of Hospitalization Because of Suicide Attempts From Early to Late Adulthood 2020. JAMA Network Open 3 (6)
Intergenerational transmission of alcohol misuse
Almquist, Y. B. et al. (2020) Intergenerational transmission of alcohol misuse. Journal of Epidemiology and Community Health 74 (7), 598-604
Rocks, Dandelions or Steel Springs: Understanding Resilience from a Public Health Perspective
Gauffin, K., Jackisch, J., & Almquist, Y. B. (2021) Rocks, Dandelions or Steel Springs: Understanding Resilience from a Public Health Perspective. International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health, ISSN 1661-7827, E-ISSN 1660-4601, Vol. 18, nr 15, article-id 8189
A decade lost: does educational success mitigate the increased risks of premature death among ...
Almquist, Y.B. et al. (2018) A decade lost: does educational success mitigate the increased risks of premature death among children with experience of out-of-home care? Journal of Epidemiology and Community Health, ISSN 0143-005X, E-ISSN 1470-2738, Vol. 72, nr 11, pp. 997-1002