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Baltic History, Culture and Society - Lithuania

The course is directed towards those who are interested in Baltic history, culture and society, e.g. social scientists, journalists, teachers, librarians, cultural workers and researchers within other subject areas.

The course consists of an introduction to the history, culture, and society of the Baltic states. The course provides insights into the historical processes that have formed the Baltic states. It also looks at major historial events and relevant social issues — transformation processes, language debates, emigration, and more.

Please note: Web-based instruction during the fall term due to Covid-19

Due to Covid-19, all instruction at the Section for Baltic Studies during the Fall Term 2020 will be web-based. If you will be taking our courses then you should have access to a computer with a camera and microphone, and a good internet connection. If applicable, you should also be prepared for the possibility that final exams may take place on the Frescati campus. For more information please contact director of studies Lilita Zalkalns:

  • Course structure

    The course consists of an general obligatory part and an elective part, where the student, together with the examiner, chooses a specific subject within Lithuanian history, culture and society.

    Teaching format

    Instruction is in the form of lectures and seminars.

    Instruction is in English.

    Instruction is either as distance learning or on campus, according to how the course event is defined.


    Examination takes place through submitted assignments and participation in discussions and seminars. Continual examination takes place through written assignments submitted in connection with each respective seminar.

    The principles for weighting togetgher the examination assignments are explained in the grading criteria.


    Lilita Zalkalns

  • Schedule

    The schedule will be available no later than one month before the start of the course. We do not recommend print-outs as changes can occur. At the start of the course, your department will advise where you can find your schedule during the course.
  • Course literature

    Note that the course literature can be changed up to two months before the start of the course.

    Any recently published general history of the Baltic States, for example:

    1. Kasekamp, Andres: A History of the Baltic States. 2010.
    2. Plakans, Andrejs: A concise history of the Baltic States, 2011.
    3. Purs, Aldis: Baltic facades: Estonia, Latvia and Lithuania since 1945

    For recent business and political updates:

    1. Country report: Lithuania, Economist Intelligence Unit, available on-line
    2. Auers, Dainis: Comparative politics and government of the Baltic States. Estonia, Latvia and Lithuania in the 21st century, 2015.
    3. Additional material handed out in class.
    4. Articles and works determined in cooperation between the examinator and the student.
  • Contact

    If you have any questions concerning the course, please contact Lilita Zalkalns (