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Language Situation and Language Policy in the Baltic Countries

  • 7.5 credits

The course consists of a review of the language situation and the language policies in the Baltic countries.  The course illuminates language use and language policies from a general perspective, against a background of the historical preconditions for multilingualism in the Baltic Sea area. The course investigates the situation and status of the local, national and international languages that are spoken in the Baltic countries.

  • Course structure

    Teaching format

    Instruction is in the form of lectures and seminars. The course is given in English.

    Learning outcomes

    Having completed the course the student has shown an ability to:

    • demonstrate profound, theoretical and specific knowledge about the language situtation and language policies in the Baltic countries
    • demonstrate profound, theoretical and specific knowledge about the historical preconditions for multilingualism in the Baltic Sea area
    • formulate a theoretical discussion on language situation, language policies and multilingualism in the Baltic countries.

    Assessment

    The following methods of examination are used:

    1. a written essay (10-15 pages)
    2. an oral presentation of the essay in connection with a seminar

    The principles for weighting together the examination assignments are explained in the grading criteria.

    Examiner

    Peteris Vanags

  • Course literature

    Note that the course literature can be changed up to two months before the start of the course.

    All of the course literature is available on Athena or digitally via the university library.

    • Spolsky, Bernard (2004). Language Policy [Digital resource]. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.
    • Loeber, D. A. (1993). Language rights in independent Estonia, Latvia and Lithuania, 1918-1940. In S. Vilfan (ed.) Ethnic Groups and Language Rights. Aldershot: Dartmouth.
    • Hogan-Brun, Gabrielle, Meilutė Ramonienė, Laima Grumadienė (2005). The language situation in Lithuania, Journal of Baltic Studies, 36:3, 345-370.
    • Metuzāle-Kangere, Baiba, Uldis Ozolins (2005). The language situation in Latvia 1850–2004, Journal of Baltic Studies, 36:3, 317-344.
    • Verschik, Anna (2005), The language situation in Estonia, Journal of Baltic Studies, 36:3, 283-316.
    • Hogan-Brun, Gabrielle, Uldis Ozolins, Meilutė Ramonienė, Mart Rannut (2008). Language Politics and Practices in the Baltic States. Current Issues in Language Planning, 8:4, 469-631.
    • Lazdiņa, Sanita (2013). A transition from spontaneity to planning? Economic values and educational policies in the process of revitalizing the regional language of Latgalian (Latvia), Current Issues in Language Planning.
    • Iva, Sulev (2010). Diverse Minorities with One Language: the Case of South Estonian. Via Latgalica, 116−123.
    • Additional articles handed out in class.
  • Contact

    If you have any questions concerning the course, please contact Lilita Zalkalns (lilita.zalkalns@balt.su.se).