Stockholm university
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The course aim is on the interaction between the oceans and the global climate over geological timescales, with a focus on dating and the use of proxy variables for reconstruction of past environmental conditions in the oceans. An overarching goal is to provide insights about the scientific process.

Photo: Jenny Sjöström
Photo: Jenny Sjöström

This course adresses:

  • interactions between the different components of the Earth’s climate system (atmosphere, biosphere, lithosphere, cryosphere, hydrosphere)
  • development of the Earth’s climate system on geological timescales
  • use of paleoenvironmental archives including terrestrial and marine sediment sequences as well as ice cores
  • evaluation and interpretation of paleoclimatic proxy data.

Course period Spring 2023: Period 1 (16 February–20 March)

  • Course structure


    a. Knowledge assessment and examination are in the form of written and oral examinations.

    b. Grades will be set according to a seven-point scale related to the learning objectives of the course: A = ExcellentB = Very goodC = GoodD = SatisfactoryE = AdequateFx = Fail, some additional work requiredF = Fail, much additional work required

    c. The grading criteria will be distributed at the beginning of the course.

    d. In order to pass the course, students must receive the minimum passing grade E on all course units andparticipate in all mandatory instruction.

    e. Students who receive a failing grade on a regular examination are allowed to retake the examination as longas the course is still provided. The number of examination opportunities is not limited. Other mandatorycourse elements are equated with examinations. A student who has received a passing grade on anexamination may not retake the examination to attain a higher grade. A student who has failed the sameexamination twice is entitled to have another examiner appointed, unless there are special reasons to thecontrary. Such requests should be made to the department board.

    f. There is no facility to improve the grade Fx to a pass grade in this course.

  • Schedule

    The schedule will be available no later than one month before the start of the course. We do not recommend print-outs as changes can occur. At the start of the course, your department will advise where you can find your schedule during the course.
  • Course literature

    Note that the course literature can be changed up to two months before the start of the course.

    The course literature consists of current scientific articles on the subject.

  • Course reports

    Course evaluations allow the possibility to affect and take responsibility for your own learning and gives important information for our work with pedagogical development.

    It's important that all students complete the course evaluations after each course, it gives the Department the opportunity to improve the courses' quality.

    The course evaluation is composed of a number of questions and specific questions for each course. If you, as a student, want to contribute with more course specific questions you may send them to

    If you haven't received the course evaluation for your finished course, or if you have other questions regarding course evaluations at IGV please contact

    Course evaluation = student's review of the course
    Course report = course leader's reflections about the review

  • Contact