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  • 7.5 credits

The course aim is on the interaction between the oceans and the global climate over geological timescales, with a focus on dating and the use of proxy variables for reconstruction of past environmental conditions in the oceans. An overarching goal is to provide insights about the scientific process.

This course adresses:

  • interactions between the different components of the Earth’s climate system (atmosphere, biosphere, lithosphere, cryosphere, hydrosphere)
  • development of the Earth’s climate system on geological timescales
  • use of paleoenvironmental archives including terrestrial and marine sediment sequences as well as ice cores
  • evaluation and interpretation of paleoclimatic proxy data.
  • Course structure


    a. Knowledge assessment and examination are in the form of written and oral examinations.

    b. Grades will be set according to a seven-point scale related to the learning objectives of the course: A = ExcellentB = Very goodC = GoodD = SatisfactoryE = AdequateFx = Fail, some additional work requiredF = Fail, much additional work required

    c. The grading criteria will be distributed at the beginning of the course.

    d. In order to pass the course, students must receive the minimum passing grade E on all course units andparticipate in all mandatory instruction.

    e. Students who receive a failing grade on a regular examination are allowed to retake the examination as longas the course is still provided. The number of examination opportunities is not limited. Other mandatorycourse elements are equated with examinations. A student who has received a passing grade on anexamination may not retake the examination to attain a higher grade. A student who has failed the sameexamination twice is entitled to have another examiner appointed, unless there are special reasons to thecontrary. Such requests should be made to the department board.

    f. There is no facility to improve the grade Fx to a pass grade in this course.

  • Schedule

    This is a preliminary schedule and is subject to continuous change. For this reason, we do not recommend print-outs. At the start of the course, your institution will advise where you can find your schedule during the course.
  • Course literature

    Note that the course literature can be changed up to two months before the start of the course.

    The course literature is decided by the department board and published on the Department of Geological Sciences website at least two months before the start of the course.

  • Contact

    Malin KylanderSenior lecturer, docent, Chemical sedimentology
    Malin Kylander
    +46 (0)8 674 78 98 | Room: R217