Profiles

Jukka Törrönen

Jukka Törrönen

Professor

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Arbetar vid Institutionen för folkhälsovetenskap
Telefon 08-16 14 69
E-post jukka.torronen@su.se
Besöksadress Sveavägen 160, Sveaplan
Rum 335
Postadress Institutionen för folkhälsovetenskap 106 91 Stockholm

Om mig

Jag leder två projekt som är finansierade av FORTE:

  1. "Alkoholkonsumtion, genusskillnader och social förändring. De svenska dryckessituationernas könsspecifika dynamik i ett komparativt perspektiv "
  2.  " Varför dricker unga människor mindre än tidigare? ". Det förstnämnda projektet täcker en tidsperiod från 1960-talet till 2000-talet och kombinerar kvantitativa och kvalitativa metoder för att studera dryckessituationerna från olika vinklar. Studien undersöker vilka typer av genusskillnader och likheter som finns i de vanliga dryckessituationerna i Sverige, kartlägger hur dessa skillnader och likheter har utvecklat och specificerar särdrag i svenska dryckessituationer i jämförelse med finska och italienska dryckessituationer.

Jag är också projektmedlem i programmet "Möta utmaningar och minska spelproblem" som leds av Jenny Cisneros Örnberg och är finansierat av FORTE

Jag är sociolog. För mig har vanor, praxis och strategier för substansbruk gett en plattform för att studera bredare sociala processer som kontinuitet och förändringar i statliga program, sociokulturella normer och genusfrågor. I min forskning har syftet varit att producera kunskap om hur substansanvändning är relaterad till vardagssituationer och berusning, hälsosamma eller ohälsosamma identiteter och säkra eller skadliga praxis samt hur alkohol och drogpolitik innebär legitima, problematiska eller ojämlika handlingar. Som empiriska data har jag använt folkhälsodokumenten, riksdagssessioner, mediatexter, vetenskapliga skrifter, individuella intervjuer, fokusgruppsdiskussioner, survey data, annonser, online forums, dagböcker och självbiografier.

2000 avslutade jag min doktorandstudier i sociologi vid Helsingfors universitet. I min avhandling undersökte jag de förändrade relationerna mellan medborgaren och staten genom att analysera politikers, journalisters, fackliga aktivisters och affärsmäns syn på alkoholproblem och alkoholpolitik från Finland och Estland. Senare fortsatte jag drog forskning genom att leda forskningsprojekt som handlade om störande offentlig drickande, unga vuxnas dryckeskulturer i ”night time economy”, förändringar i den kulturella positionen av alkohol i Finland och Sverige mellan fyra generationer, genusdynamiken i dryckessituationer de senaste 40 åren och kvinnors substansanvändning och hälsEfter jag avslutade mina doktorandstudier arbetade jag som forskare för Finska Stiftelse för Alkoholstudier tills jag fick en professur i Stockholms universitet på SoRAD där jag började i september 2006. Sedan dess har jag varit glad att jobba på Stockholms universitet.

Forskningsintressen

Alkohol- och drogforskning, genus på substansanvändning, ungdomars dryckeskulturer, addiktion, gambling, folkhälsa, teoretisk sociologi, kvalitativa metoder, visuell analys, komparativ forskning.

 

Publikationer

I urval från Stockholms universitets publikationsdatabas
  • 2019. Janne Autto, Jukka Törrönen. Citizenship Studies 23 (1), 78-95

    In 2015, the newly elected government of Finland introduced austerity measures designed to improve the public economy, which had not recovered from the financial crisis of 2007–2008. The article examines how the government sought to secure acceptance for austerity by appealing to citizens’ emotions. We analyse how the measures were emotionally motivated and how, according to the parties in power, citizens should and should not have felt about them. The article shows how the politics of austerity produces various and contradictory feeling rules. These seek to temper citizens’ negative emotions towards austerity, such as dissatisfaction over unfair sharing of pain and distrust towards political authority. Interestingly, the rules evoke hope that a better future lies ahead if citizens follow the proposed measures, yet prompt fears of what will happen if they do not. The government also emphasised its transparency and honesty to prompt empathy and trust from the population.

  • 2019. Jukka Törrönen (et al.).

    Recent surveys have found a strong decrease in alcohol consumption among young people and this trend has been identified in European countries, Australia and North America. Previous research suggests that the decline in alcohol consumption may be explained by changes in parenting style, increased use of social media, changes in gender identities or a health and fitness trend. We use qualitative interviews with drinking and non-drinking young people from Sweden (N = 49) to explore in what way and in what kinds of contexts these explanations may hold true and how they alone or together may explain declining alcohol consumption among young people. By using the pragmatist approach, we pay attention to what kinds of concerns, habits, practices, situations and meanings our interviewees relate to adolescents' low alcohol consumption or decline in drinking. By analyzing these matters, we aim to specify the social mechanisms that have reduced adolescents' drinking. Our paper discovers social mechanisms similar to previous studies but also a few that have previously been overlooked. We propose that the cultural position of drinking may have changed among young people so that drinking has lost its unquestioned symbolic power as a rite of passage into adulthood. There is less peer pressure to drink and more room for competing activities. This opening of a homogeneous drinking culture to the acceptance of differences may function as a social mechanism that increases the success of other social mechanisms to reduce adolescents' drinking. Furthermore, the results of the paper suggest a hypothesis of the early maturation of young people as more individualized, responsible, reflective, and adult-like actors than in earlier generations. Overall, the paper provides hypotheses for future quantitative studies to examine the prevalence and distribution of the identified social mechanisms, as well as recommends directions for developing effective interventions to support young people's healthy lifestyle choices.

  • 2019. Jenni Simonen (et al.). Drugs 26 (1), 88-96

    Aims: This study analyses how Finnish and Norwegian teenagers and parents of teenagers perceive the appropriateness, desirability or harmfulness of different drinking situations. The focus is on whether teenagers and parents perceive the situations similarly or differently.

    Methods: Our data consist of focus group interviews from Finland and Norway with teenagers aged 14–17 years (n = 8 groups, n = 44 participants) and parents (n = 8 groups, n = 38). Three pictures portraying different drinking situations were presented to the participants, who were asked to describe (1) what kind of situation the picture depicts, (2) whether the way of drinking in the picture was acceptable or not and (3) whether they identified with the situation or not.

    Findings: Our analysis showed that teenagers and parents defined the situations similarly and applied rather similar criteria when assessing the appropriateness of drinking. The most important criteria related to the amount and the way of drinking, and whether or not children were present in the situation. Regarding the identification with the situations, teenagers seemed to have somewhat stricter attitudes towards intoxication than adults, which can be perceived as a sign of an ongoing trend of decreasing youth drinking.

    Conclusions: Overall, our analysis suggests that the alcohol worlds of parents and teenagers resembled each other, supporting the notion that the generational gap between parents and teenagers is diminishing.

Visa alla publikationer av Jukka Törrönen vid Stockholms universitet

Senast uppdaterad: 29 mars 2019

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