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Baltic History of Literature and Cultural History

The course consists of a detailed review of Baltic history of literature, cultural history and ancient Baltic religions, and an advanced analysis of significant cultural manifestations and major contemporary authors.

The course aims at providing in-depth knowledge of Baltic literary history and cultural history, as well as an advanced analysis of the development and context of Baltic literature and culture.

  • Course structure

    The course consists of a general obligatory part and an elective part, where the student chooses a specific topic within the field of Baltic history of literature and cultural history in cooperation with the examiner.

    Teaching format

    Instruction is in the form of teacher-led classroom lessons, lectures and seminars.

    Learning outcomes

    Having completed the course the student has demonstrated an ability to:

    • acquire advanced knowledge about Baltic history of literature and cultural history
    • formulate a theoretical discussion on the development and conditions pertaining to Baltic history of literature and cultural history.


    The following methods of examination are used: written test and oral examination in connection with classroom instruction.


    Senior lecturer Lilita Zalkalns (

  • Schedule

    The schedule will be available no later than one month before the start of the course. We do not recommend print-outs as changes can occur. At the start of the course, your department will advise where you can find your schedule during the course.
  • Course literature

    Note that the course literature can be changed up to two months before the start of the course.
    • Kasekamp, Andres: A History of the Baltic States, 2010.
    • Misiunas, R.J. & Taagepera, R. - The Baltic States: Years of Dependence, 1940-1990. (Expanded and updated ed.) London: Hurst. 1993
    • Forgotten Pages in Baltic History: Diversity and Inclusion. On the Boundary of Two Worlds: Identity, Freedom, & Moral Imagination in the Baltics. Editions Rodopi. 2011 [Electronic resource]
    • Purs, A., Baltic Facades: Estonia, Latvia and Lithuania since 1945. Reaktion: London, 2012
    • Pettai, E., (ed.): Memory and pluralism in the Baltic States. Oxon: Routledge 2011
    • Samalavicius, Stasys: An Outline of Lithuanian History, Diemedis, 1995


    • Sabaliauskas, Algirdas: We the Balts, Vilnius, 2005.
    • Bojtar, Endre: Forward to the Past. A Cultural History of the Baltic People. 1999
    • Gimbutas, Marija: The Balts, London, 1963
    • O'Connor, Kevin: Culture and customs of the Baltic states. Greenwood Press, 2006.
    • Kuiziniene, D., et al (eds.): History of Lithuanian Culture, Versus Aureus, 2014 [Available on Athena]
    • Vaicekauskas, Arunas: Ancient Lithuanian Calendar Festivals, Versus Aureus, 2014 [Available on Athena]
    • "Latvian cultural canon" at
    • should-know/


    • Daija, Pauls: Literary History and Popular Enlightenment in Latvian Culture. Cambridge Scholars Publishing, 2017. [Electronic Source]
    • Kuiziniene, D., et al (eds.): A Brief History of Lithuanian Literature, Versus Aureus, 2014 [Electronic Source]
    • Rubulis, Aleksis: Baltic Literature, London, 1970.
    • Silbajoris, Rimvydas: A Short History of Lithuanian Literature, Baltos Lankos, 2002.
    • Latvian Literature Centre:
    • Latvian Literature:
    • About Lithuanian literature:
    • Estonian Literature Centre:
  • Contact

    If you have any questions concerning the course, please contact senior lecturer Lilita Zalkalns (