Mia Åkestam

Maria Ahlbäck Åkestam


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Arbetar vid Institutionen för kultur och estetik
Besöksadress Frescativägen 22B-26
Rum B 339
Postadress Institutionen för kultur och estetik 106 91 Stockholm

Om mig

Forskare i konstvetenskap, med forskningsprojektet The Vadstena Palace - Place, Space and Presence, finasierat av Berit wallenbergs stiftelse. Jag är också samordnande studierektor och forskningssekreterare för forskarutbildningen vid Institutionen för kultur och estetik.


Palatset i Vadstena - plats, rum och närvaro

Med plats, byggnader och bildbruk i fokus studerar projektet orten Vadstena som ett religiöst och politiskt centrum under vad som ibland har kallats ”den långa medeltiden”. Syftet med projektet är att studera visuella manifestationer av världslig och religiös karaktär i Vadstena från 1200-talets mitt till 1400-talets slut, en period som täcker transformeringen av plats och byggnad från kungligt palats till Birgittinskt konvent. Närvaro på platsen innebär här främst synliga tecken av både permanent och temporär karaktär. Tyngdpunkten i undersökningen ligger således på materiell och visuell kultur där måleri, skulptur, textil, sigill, byggnader och monument är några exempel.  Projektets centrala frågeställningar gäller platsens betydelse och närvaron i Vadstena. Hur använde man platsen? Hur manifesterade man sig där under olika tider? Vilka var där och vilka var inte där? Med estetiska artefakter i vid mening i fokus kan Vadstena betraktas som en scen för framträdanden. Det inkluderar också riter och ritualer som kräver både aktörer och publik. Vem var betraktare vid olika tillfällen? Kungligheters besök i klostret är exempel på känsliga gränsöverskridanden mellan världslig och kyrklig sfär som samtidigt var viktigt för att upprätthålla en etablerad ordning. Avsikten är att ge en helhetsbild av Vadstena som maktcentrum under en längre period för att ge en annan och vidare förståelse för Birgittinorden och Vasaättens arkitektoniskt storslagna etableringar på orten.


I urval från Stockholms universitets publikationsdatabas
  • 2017. Mia Åkestam. Tears, Sighs and Laughter, 215-239

    Within a hundred years The Bjälbo- or the Folkungar-palace in Vadstena by the Lake Vättern, was built (c. 1250) and transformed from king Valdemars royal palace to the nuns´s convent in the Birgittine monastery (1360s). This paper deals with an era in Swedish history when a powerful nobility wanted to establish a courtly culture and connected to a broader European context in politics as well as in religious life. Birgitta Birgersdotter (1303–1373) was a part of, and a strong force in, this milieu. New attitudes towards smile and laughter ought to be an important factor in such a transformation. Sweden was peripheral  in relation to central cultural areas, but the ambitions to establish the aristocracy after a german/french model was taken very seriously in  13th century Sweden. This is also true for architecture and sculpture. The grand cathedrals of France, Germany and England were models and “the gothic smile” was an ideal outside the courts. By stressing the importance public spaces the paper shows how a visual culture, profane and religious, could be adopted in remote areas. The meeting with medieval faces is a challence not only for us contemporary wievers, but was also during the middle ages.

  • 2017. Per Förnegård (et al.).

    In the 1990s a new interest for research on emotions and affectivity in the humanities and the social sciences began to develop. This movement, later referred to as “the affective turn”, has been a most productive and vigorous field of research in the past decades, as it opens up for new interpretations of historical source materials and enables studies of the relationship between states of mind and materiality. In addition, it prompts questions of, for example, gender, power and religiosity, thus being conducive to a fuller understanding of historical events, places and persons. This anthology is the result of the Marcus Wallenberg symposium at the Royal Swedish Academy of Letters, History and Antiquities in early spring 2014. All studies included concern the interpretation of emotional expression in medieval art and literature written by scholars representing a wide variety of disciplines.

  • 2013. Maria (Mia) Ahlbäck Åkestam. Pangs of Love and longing, 235-252

    Lady Birgitta Birgersdotter (ca 1303–1373), Saint Birgitta of Sweden, was born and lived in an environment with noble ideals and with extensive international contacts. She was a wife and mother of eight, and a lady at the court of king Magnus Eriksson and Magistra to Queen Blanche of Sweden. Lady Birgitta was a traveller and a pilgrim. As a widow, she chosed the spiritual life not by retreat to a nunnery, but by leaving the country with the aim of founding a new monastic order. Birgitta and her large entourage began the journey to Rome in 1349.

    Her background in the highest nobility, and a courtly culture that she highly esteemed, is reflected in her revelations. I will argue that this courtliness is also communicated in the use of imagery in Vadstena monastery the years around 1400. But pictures were not without its problems, as will become apparent in another example in the very same context.

    The Revelations were written down in Latin and in Old Swedish from the 1340s in Sweden to her death in Rome in July1373. Saint Birgitta had reason to reflect on issues like desire not only from her own private perspective, but also because her Revelations in the end formed the basis for an international monastic order. On the one hand there were bodily desires that should be mastered, on the other there was a religious desire for God.

    The revelations were widely spread. During the canonization to en elite among the clergy, kings and noblemen and later they were used in the Birgittine convents, and quoted in innumerable sermons and spread to cathedrals and the parish churces. Therefore, they can be used when the aim is to highlight the use of imagery and devotional life in the Middle Ages. These texts reached far beyond the scholarly and monastic environment.

    This paper focuses on expressions of the ambivalent relationship as indicated above. My intention is to highlight the often complex relation between text and image, and to include adopting of form between secular and spiritual imagery in the discussion. As desires involves feelings, I will pay attention to expressions of the senses. The question is if and how the presumed ambivalence between worldly and spiritual, is evident in the Revelations and imagery in Vadstena? What visual codes were used? How was imagery used, and what attitudes towards imagery can we trace through text and images?

  • 2009. Mia Åkestam, Erika Kihlman. Regards sur la France du Moyen Âge, 111-153
  • Kapitel Creating Space
    2017. Maria (Mia) Ahlbäck Åkestam. Continuity and Change, 41-60
  • Avhandling (Dok) Bebådelsebilder
    2010. Mia Åkestam (et al.).

    This thesis investigates the Annunciation motif and the use of images in a medieval socio-cultural context. There are almost 400 medieval images of the Annunciation from the period 1150–1550 in Sweden today. It is found in murals, baptismal fonts, paintings, wooden sculpture, stone reliefs, liturgical vessels, textile works and altarpieces. The aim of the thesis is to present this rich and varied material, and also to relate the images to the milieus where they were used and viewed as objects of cult, and to elucidate the historical situation in which they were used for communicative purposes.  It is argued that an “image-culture” perspective and a long-term investigation can reveal other aspects than a specific study, and that it is fruitful to equally emphasize the rhetoric of the image, the beholders part and the historical context. Hence the picture analysis is based on semiotics and rhetoric analysis of pictures and reception theory. With this point of departure the thesis addresses iconographic problems and shows that text as a source and explanation of historical image can be insufficient.

    The study shows that the figures’ gestures and body language, their contenace, is crucial for our understanding, and remains the most important mark of identification. The motif can be identified even with an angel without wings. The meaning of this universal picture could then be enlarged with specific attributes and symbols with a purpose to emphasize specific ideas. In context this elucidates bishopric, monastic as well as worldly use of imagery. The image context includes motifs from classical antiquity, references to the pious Christian worshiper, as well as symbolic staging of the Gospels and Christian faith. More expected is the biblical history. The motif can also be displayed alone, and thus it can be regarded as a sign. An important outcome is that the Annunciation not is used in legendary suites or in narratives of the Virgin Mary. Hence, the relationship between image and text is not uncomplicated. The thesis shows that people in the Middle Ages were fully aware of the use of pictures and skilfully used the rhetoric of the image.

Visa alla publikationer av Maria Ahlbäck Åkestam vid Stockholms universitet

Senast uppdaterad: 29 september 2020

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