Profiles

Bitte Modin

Bitte Modin

Professor, Studierektor forskarnivå

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Arbetar vid Institutionen för folkhälsovetenskap
Telefon 08-16 44 66
E-post bitte.modin@su.se
Besöksadress Sveavägen 160, Sveaplan
Rum 532
Postadress Institutionen för folkhälsovetenskap 106 91 Stockholm

Om mig

Jag är professor i medicinsk sociologi och studierektor för utbildningen på forskarnivå. Den gemensamma nämnaren för min forskning är inriktningen på sociala förhållanden och exponeringar under barndomen och de sätt på vilka dessa skapar systematiska skillnader i hälsa och överlevnad på kort och lång sikt. Ett av mina forskningsområden rör hur förhållanden i skolmiljön är kopplade till barn och ungdomars psykiska hälsa. Här har jag dels tittat på skolan som en social arena (dvs. hur elevens relationer till andra individer på skolan ser ut) och dels på skolan som arbetsmiljö (dvs. hur själva skolarbetet är upplagt och organiserat) samt hur förhållanden inom dessa områden avspeglar sig i barns och ungdomars självskattade hälsa. I ett av mina pågående projekt undersöker vi även om lärarskattade mått på exempelvis skolans ledarskap, kollegialt samarbete, lärarstress och skolans etos kan knytas till elevernas självskattade hälsa.

Inom annan gren av min forskning har jag intresserat mig för livsförloppsstudier, dvs. hur barndomsförhållanden i samverkan med förhållanden senare i livet kan knytas till sjukdom och dödlighet under olika skeden av livet. En vidareutveckling av det här forskningsintresset rör huruvida ogynnsamma förhållanden under uppväxttiden även kan ge upphov till sociala och hälsomässiga nackdelar i nästkommande generationer. Här har jag bland annat följt upp barn och barnbarn till individer som föddes utanför äktenskapet i början av 1900-talet med avseende på deras sociala karriär och hälsa. Inom forskningsprogrammet RELINK bedriver vi just nu forskning om hur social, ekonomisk och hälsomässig ojämlikhet i föräldragenerationen återuppstår i barngenerationen, samt i vilken utsträckning som syskon och vänner kan förstärka eller bryta dessa processer.

Publikationer

I urval från Stockholms universitets publikationsdatabas
  • 2017. Ylva Almquist B, Robin Högnäs, Bitte Modin. European Journal of Public Health 27 (Suppl. 3)

    Background

    In childhood, relations with siblings and friends lie at the core of social interaction. Lacking either type of relationship may reflect lower levels of social support. While social support is known to be negatively associated with premature death, there are still no long-term follow-ups of mortality risks among children without siblings (‘only-children’) and children without friends (‘lonely-children’). The aim of the present study was therefore to examine and compare all-cause mortality in these two groups.

    Methods

    Cox regression analysis was based on a Stockholm cohort born in 1953 (n = 15,117). Individuals were identified as only-children if there were no records of siblings before age 18. Derived from sociometric data collected at age 13, lonely-children were defined as not being nominated by classmates as one of three best friends. The follow-up of all-cause mortality covered ages 20-56.

    Results

    Both only-children and lonely-children had increased risks of premature mortality. When adjusted for a wide range of family-related and individual factors, the risk ratio for only-children increased in strength whereas the risk ratio for lonely-children was reduced. The former finding may be explained by suppressor effects: for example, both only-children and those whose parents had alcohol problems had higher mortality risks but only-children were less likely to have parents with alcohol problems. The latter finding was primarily due to adjustment for scholastic ability.

    Conclusions

    It is concluded that while only-children and lonely-children have similar risks of all-cause mortality, the processes leading up to premature death appear to be rather different. Yet, interventions targeted at improving social learning experiences may be beneficial for both groups.

  • 2017. Sara Brolin Låftman (et al.). Acta Paediatrica 106 (12), 2048-2054

    Aim

    The aim of this study was to assess whether sociodemographic household characteristics were associated with which Swedish adolescents were more likely to be bullied.

    Methods

    The data were derived from the Swedish Living Conditions Survey and its child supplements from the survey years 2008-2011. The analyses included information on 3,951 adolescents aged 10-18 years. Exposure to bullying was reported by adolescents and information on sociodemographic household characteristics was reported by parents and obtained from official registers. Binary logistic regression was used to analyse the data.

    Results

    Adolescents were more likely to be bullied if they lived in households with no cash margin, defined as the ability to pay an unexpected bill of 8,000 Swedish Kronor or about 800 Euros, and if they lived with just one custodial parent. In the unadjusted analyses, elevated risks were identified if adolescents lived in working class households and had unemployed and foreign-born parents. However, these associations were at least partly accounted for by other sociodemographic household characteristics, in particular the lack of a cash margin.

    Conclusion

    This study showed that Swedish adolescents living in households with more limited financial resources had an increased risk of being bullied, supporting results from previous international research.

  • 2017. Sara Brolin Låftman, Viveca Östberg, Bitte Modin. International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health 14 (10)

    Cyberbullying is a relatively new form of bullying, with both similarities and differences to traditional bullying. While earlier research has examined associations between school-contextual characteristics and traditional bullying, fewer studies have focused on the links to students’ involvement in cyberbullying behavior. The aim of the present study is to assess whether school-contextual conditions in terms of teachers’ ratings of the school leadership are associated with the occurrence of cyberbullying victimization and perpetration among students. The data are derived from two separate data collections performed in 2016: The Stockholm School Survey conducted among students in the second grade of upper secondary school (ages 17–18 years) in Stockholm municipality, and the Stockholm Teacher Survey which was carried out among teachers in the same schools. The data include information from 6067 students distributed across 58 schools, linked with school-contextual information based on reports from 1251 teachers. Cyberbullying victimization and perpetration are measured by students’ self-reports. Teachers’ ratings of the school leadership are captured by an index based on 10 items; the mean value of this index was aggregated to the school level. Results from binary logistic multilevel regression models show that high teacher ratings of the school leadership are associated with less cyberbullying victimization and perpetration. We conclude that a strong school leadership potentially prevents cyberbullying behavior among students.

  • 2015. Bitte Modin, Sara Brolin Låftman, Viveca Östberg. Journal of School Violence 14 (4), 382-404

    Using multilevel modeling, this study examined how different types of bullying, involving both peers and teachers, relate to psychosomatic health complaints. Data were obtained via the Stockholm School Survey from 41,032 ninth- and eleventh-grade students in the years 2004, 2006, 2008, and 2010. Results showed that students involved in bullying as either a bully, a victim, or both a bully and a victim displayed poorer psychosomatic health than those not involved in bullying. Victims of peer-bullying also reported significantly poorer health than perpetrators. Two class-aggregated measures of bullying remained positively associated with ninth-grade student health complaints even when their individual-level analogues were taken into account. Thus, both the proportion of victims of teacher-bullying and peer-bullying in the school class appeared to generate health problems that go beyond the directly exposed students. However, an interaction revealed that the latter association was confined to female students only.

Visa alla publikationer av Bitte Modin vid Stockholms universitet

Senast uppdaterad: 27 mars 2018

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