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Gideon Mekonnen Jonathan

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Arbetar vid Institutionen för data- och systemvetenskap
Telefon 08-16 16 74
E-post gideon@dsv.su.se
Besöksadress Nodhuset, Borgarfjordsgatan 12
Postadress Institutionen för data- och systemvetenskap 164 07 Kista

Om mig

Gideon is a PhD candidate and researcher at the Department of Computer and Systems Sciences (DSV), Stockholm University. His study is financed by DSV and the Swedish Research School of Management and Information Technology (MIT). In his doctoral research, Gideon investigates the influence of different forms of organisational structure on IT Alignment within the context of public organisations. He is also interested in exploring how IT Alignment contributes to the successful digital transformation undertaken by today's organisations.  

Publikationer

I urval från Stockholms universitets publikationsdatabas
  • 2020. Gideon Mekonnen Jonathan. International Journal of Innovation in the Digital Economy 11 (2)

    Results-based management (RBM) has become the choice of many governmental and non-governmental organisations, and not-for-profit agencies engaged in development projects. Despite its widespread adoption, tools and methods are still being developed to complement the framework. One of such methods sought by practitioners, according to the extant literature, is a method for project follow-up. Employing design science methodology, the study aimed to develop a new method that can be used to evaluate the gap between design and actual outcome of development projects. The research has resulted in a new method which proposed ten steps to perform project follow-up. The high-level requirements were evaluated using informed arguments. To warranty validity and impartiality of the evaluation of the method, the internal and external properties were evaluated by 37 qualified experts. The research has identified and suggested other methods that can be used to complement the designed method. The contribution of the study and potential future research directions are presented.

  • 2020. Gideon Mekonnen Jonathan, Lazar Rusu, Erik Perjons. Proceedings of the 53rd Hawaii International Conference on System Sciences, 5563-5572

    For the last four decades, the alignment of business and IT strategies also referred to as business-IT alignment (BITA), has been recognised as one of the top concerns for leaders. The current digital transformation journey undertaken by most organisations, however, triggered a new approach to planning and executing business and IT strategies as well as pursuing BITA. A systematic literature review is conducted to capture the paradigmatic shift in research and practice. A total of 94 articles published between 2014 and 2018 were identified searching through databases known to index reputable IS journals and conference proceedings. The analysis of the review revealed the continued conceptual debate on BITA construct as well as new research topics. The significance of digital strategy, enterprise architecture models, as well as intelligent IT systems to enable elicitation, implementation and assessment of activities enabling BITA are garnering the attention of researchers. Potential research directions are presented.

  • 2020. Gideon Mekonnen Jonathan, Lazar Rusu, Erik Perjons. Information Systems, 426-437

    IT alignment, even though extensively researched in the last decades, remains to be challenging. Previous studies are criticised for two reasons. First, the majority of the studies focus on the conceptual debate, while practical issues that have implications on IT alignment are overlooked. One of these issues is the influence of organisational structure on IT alignment. Second, studies in few organisational settings, namely private and commercial organisations, have resulted in findings that are not applicable for organisations in other sectors–public organisations. To address the gap in the literature, this study aims to explore the influence of formal and informal organisational structures on IT alignment in a public organisation. As public organisations are joining the trend of digital transformation, identifying appropriate organisational structure that foster IT alignment is an important and timely issue. The result of the case study, conducted in one Swedish municipality, revealed the influence of centralised organisational structure as well as three types of informal organisational structure—interpersonal relationships, professional networks, and crossdepartmental relationships—on IT alignment. The findings could be used by leaders in public organisations to design an effective organisational structure that can improve IT alignment and its maturity.

  • 2020. Gideon Mekonnen Jonathan, Lazar Rusu, Erik Perjons. UK Academy for Information Systems Conference

    IT alignment in public organisations is considered to be one of the missing pieces in the otherwise rich research area in the IS domain. Researchers also criticise the lack of studies addressing practical issues related to IT alignment, particularly in public organisations. One such area of concern is the contradictory findings of prior studies on the role of formal and informal organisations on IT alignment. A case study was conducted in one public organisation to establish the influence of different forms of organisational structure on IT alignment. A theoretical model was proposed based on a previous study and literature, which is then tested with data collected from a survey among 163 IT and administrative personnel in a Swedish public organisation. The results suggest that centralised organisational structure as well as the two forms of informal organisational structures—interpersonal relationships and cross-departmental relationships influence IT alignment. However, the influence of professional networks on IT alignment is not significant. The findings are important for researchers and practitioners in public organisations.

  • 2019. Leonardo Maxwell, Ezgi Taner, Gideon Mekonnen Jonathan. International Journal of IT - Business Alignment and Governance 10 (2)

    Digitalisation in the public sector has attracted the attention of political and administrative leaders as well as researchers. Empirical studies suggest that most of the digitalisation efforts fail to achieve the intended efficiency, transparency, and responsiveness of the public sector. While digitalisation is a hot research agenda, only a few studies explored the issue in public organisations. This study, therefore, attempts to address the gap in the literature and identify the factors influencing digitalisation in the public sector. A case study is conducted at one of the largest state-owned enterprises in Liberia, the National Social Security and Welfare Corporation (NASSCORP). The data collected through interviews and examination of internal documents were analysed thematically. The study resulted in the identification of 13 factors influencing digitalisation in the public sector, which are related to technology, organisation as well as the environment. The contribution of the study to research and practice is presented along with the potential future research opportunities.

  • 2019. Gideon Mekonnen Jonathan, King Solomon Hailemariam, Workshet Lamenew Debay. MCIS 2019

    Business-IT Alignment (BITA), one of the widely explored topics in the IS research domain, remains to be challenging. The extant literature provides a long list of factors that need to be managed appropriately to achieve and maintain BITA. Among other things, both the intra-organisational as well as external factors, are found to determine whether organisations succeed to achieve BITA or not. However, previous BITA studies have been criticised for focusing on investigating a few industries and contextual factors in developed countries. This case study is aimed at addressing the lack of BITA studies in developing countries. The data was collected at a bank in Ethiopia through interviews with business as well as IT leaders. The study employed thematic analysis, which revealed several barriers to BITA. Business and IT leaders may find the result of the study invaluable to plan activities that might over- come BITA barriers and improve BITA maturity.

  • 2019. Gideon Mekonnen Jonathan, Lazar Rusu. International Journal of Innovation in the Digital Economy 10 (1)

    The lack of adoption of eGovernment by citizens has been cited to be one of the reasons for failures of most eGovernment initiatives. A systematic literature review was conducted to shade light on the current status of the research in this area with a focus on the research goals, research design, research strategies,scientific theories used and research methods. Major databasesindexing reputable journals in information systems and e-government area were searched by using keywords to collect relevant articles for analysis. A total of 19 articles were identified which indicated that empirical studies with survey asresearch strategy and questionnaires as a data collection method dominatesthe publications list while the use of case studies as research strategy was found to be scarce. The review has also highlighted several limitations related to the choice of research methods and its implication on furthering the understanding of the research on this topic.

  • 2018. Gideon Mekonnen Jonathan, Lazar Rusu, Erik Perjons. International Journal of IT - Business Alignment and Governance 9 (2)

    Despite the long list of cumulative research, business-IT alignment remains to be evasive for practitioners and researchers. As organizations continue to spend a significant amount of their resources on IT to improve the variety and quality of services, achieving and maintaining business-IT alignment is a timely issue. Studies indicate that organizational structure, among other factors, plays an important role on whether organizations succeed in achieving business-IT alignment. A systematic literature review is conducted to provide an overview of previous studies as well as point out possible future research directions. A total of 31 articles were identified and included in the review. The findings indicate that there are few studies poised to address the lack of knowledge on how the formal/informal organizational structure's influence on business-IT alignment. The study presents a summary of previous findings on organizational structure's influence on business-IT alignment and identifies potential future research directions.

  • 2018. Gideon Mekonnen Jonathan (et al.). International Journal of Innovation in the Digital Economy 9 (1)

    Business-IT alignment (BITA) continues to attract the interest of researchers and practitioners. Literature review reveals that the focus of past studies was investigated BITA mostly at (1) strategic level, in (2) private and commercial organisations, and in (3) developed countries. Thus, making a generalisation from these findings is difficult. The current study is aimed at shading light on the barriers of BITA based on a case study in a public organisation like The Federal Inland Revenue Service of Nigeria. The data was collected through semi-structured email interviews from business and IT managers as well as IT officers and also from internal organisational documents too. The data collected has been analysed using thematic analysis and has revealed six BITA barriers at tactical and operational levels like previous IT failures, lack of feedback mechanism, organisational structure, lack of standard infrastructure, insufficient time to acquire knowledge, and poor communication between the mangers.

  • 2018. Gideon Mekonnen Jonathan, Lazar Rusu. International Journal of IT - Business Alignment and Governance 9 (2)

    Despite being one of the widely researched topics, information technology governance (IT governance) in the context of public organizations is less explored. A systematic literature review is conducted to provide an overview of the current status of the research area and propose future research directions. Databases indexing the reputable journals and top conference proceedings in the information systems area were searched to collect articles for analysis. A total of 109 relevant articles were identified and included in the analysis of the literature review. The findings of the literature are presented according to the research questions, and potential research directions are proposed.

  • 2018. Gideon Mekonnen Jonathan. BIR Short Papers, Workshops and Doctoral Consortium, 375-386

    Despite the long list of cumulative research on business-IT alignment, researchers and practitioners argue that it remains to be evasive. On the other hand, business-IT alignment is found to be associated with improved overall organizational performance. As today’s organizations continue to spend a significant amount of their resources on IT to improve the variety and quality of services, achieving and maintaining business-IT alignment is a timely issue that needs to be addressed. Studies indicate that organizational structure, among other factors, plays an important role in whether organizations succeed in achieving business-IT alignment. A systematic literature is conducted to provide an overview of previous studies as well as point out possible future research directions. Databases indexing reputable journals and conference proceedings in the information systems research domain were searched. A total of 21 articles were identified and included in the review. The findings indicate that there are few studies poised to address the lack of knowledge on how the formal/informal organizational structures influence business-IT alignment. Empirical studies are needed to settle the debate on which types of organizational structures contribute to achieving business-IT alignment in today’s organizations. The study presents a summary of previous findings and proposes potential future research directions.

  • 2018. Workneh Yilma Ayele, Gideon Mekonnen Jonathan. BIR Short Papers, Workshops and Doctoral Consortium, 415-420

    Since the term was coined in the 1970s, debriefing has been associated with military campaigns, critical incidents and accidents. Debriefing has also been used in the health sector and educational settings particularly experience-based learning. However, the application of debriefing for knowledge management is a recent phenomenon which did not attract the attention of many researchers. As knowledge management is considered to be one of the important issues for today’s firms, our understanding of the available tools that could be used to improve the identification, creation and sharing of knowledge in an organization is necessary and timely. The use of debriefing as a simple, straightforward tool which requires the deployment of resources that are available within the boundaries of organization—knowledge, skill and expertise of employees—is acknowledged. However, there is still a lack of knowledge on how organizations can successfully design, plan and execute debriefing to manage knowledge. This paper is poised to provide an overview of studies on debriefing through the lens of knowledge management. The study contributes to the information systems discipline by revealing the significance of debriefing for effective knowledge management practice based on literature review of previous studies. The study also provides potential future research directions. 

  • 2018. Vincent Fremont, Gideon Mekonnen Jonathan. BIR Short Papers, Workshops and Doctoral Consortium, 399-404

    Since its inception about a decade ago, practitioners and researchers alike have been drawn to the blockchain technology vibe. Advocates of blockchain argue that the technology is taking us to truly ‘trust-free’ transactions. A long list of applications of blockchain has also been proposed in a relatively short period of time. However, a closer look into the literature reveals two shortcomings. To start with, the substantial proportion of the research on blockchain has focused on addressing the technical aspects of blockchain—design and features— as well as legal issues. However, there is a lack of knowledge on how blockchain technology can be used to solve practical problems faced by organizations in different sectors and industries—measurement and value, trust, management and organization. The state-of-the-art also shows that there is a dominance of conceptual and design-oriented research paradigms. To address this gap and respond to the calls for further research, this paper presents a research plan for a longitudinal case study to investigate whether blockchain technology can affect the way organizations conduct their business relationships.

  • 2018. Vasilis Koulolias (et al.).

    Today’s large flows of information create new challenges for government administrations. In the age of social media, it is not surprising, given the real-time nature of social media outlets that government agencies as well as non-governmental organisations use these means to ensure immediate awareness in cases of breaking events, such as natural disasters or terrorist attacks. However, along with valid information misinformation has been found to be transmitted in social media even during crisis and emergency situations. Misinformation is a common problem in all media, but is exacerbated in digital social media due to the speed and ease with which it can be spread. Furthermore, at this speed, providing countervailing corrective information in a timely manner is even more challenging. The social web enables people to spread information rapidly without confirmation of truth.

    Digital disruption through misinformation highlights the need for national governments to create an inclusive, transparent and accountable digital sphere to address this phenomenon.

    The main challenges and potential solutions for governments and citizens are examined in this report by ICA, eGovlab of Stockholm University, the Open University in UK and the OECD.

  • 2017. Lazar Rusu, Gideon Mekonnen Jonathan. Information Technology Governance in Public Organizations, 27-57

    IT alignment is one of the widely researched topics in the information systems research area and continue to be a top management concern. However, IT alignment in the context of public organizations is still less explored. A systematic literature review is conducted to provide an overview of the current status of the research in this area and the possible future research directions. Major databases and top conference proceedings in information systems and e-government area were searched by using key words to collect articles for analysis. Finally, a total of 58 articles were identified and included in the literature review. The findings of this study indicate case study research as the most preferred research method. But due to the small numbers of public organizations explored in these studies the results are problematic for generalisation. Apart from these findings we have identified and discussed the research concepts addressed in IT alignment in public organizations studies that were categorized using the dimensions of Strategic Alignment Maturity model. The findings of this study have revealed some potential future research directions that have been less explored like organizational culture, organizational politics, social interaction, and informal organizational structure influence on IT alignment in public organizations.

  • 2020. Gideon Mekonnen Jonathan (et al.).

    Information technology (IT) alignment studies which focus on conceptual debates have left little room for studies investigating practical issues such as organisational structure. On the other hand, the attention paid to private and commercial organisations has resulted in findings that might not apply to public organisations. To address this gap in the literature, and respond to calls for further research, this study explored the influence of formal and informal organisational structures on IT alignment in a public organisation.

    This thesis is a compilation of three studies—a systematic literature review and two case studies. The literature review revealed the lack of IT alignment studies in public organisations focusing on organisational structure. The findings of the case studies, conducted in one Swedish municipality, indicate the simultaneous existence of a formal and informal organisational structure which influenced IT alignment. The result of the qualitative case study revealed a centralised formal organisational structure, and three forms of informal organisational structure—interpersonal relationships, cross-departmental relationships, and professional networks—were identified. The findings also seem to indicate that the identified organisational structure forms have influence on IT alignment. The second (i.e. quantitative) case study established the strength of these effects.

    Among the identified organisational structure forms, cross-departmental relationships were found to have the most substantial influence on IT alignment, particularly on communications, partnership and the dynamic IT scope. The influence of a centralised organisation structure on IT governance was also confirmed.  While the influence of interpersonal relationships on the three dimensions of IT alignment—communications, IT governance and skills development—was established, the influence of professional networks on IT alignment could not be substantiated.

    This study makes several contributions to research and practice in IT alignment. Although prior studies have investigated the role of different organisational structures in IT alignment, the contribution of this research is that it looked into the influence of both formal and informal organisational structures on IT alignment, simultaneously. The research has also assessed the relative significance of various forms of organisational structure on IT alignment. Leaders and managers in the public sector can make use of the findings of this research to help them identify different organisational structure forms and make the necessary adjustments to improve IT alignment.

Visa alla publikationer av Gideon Mekonnen Jonathan vid Stockholms universitet

Senast uppdaterad: 30 april 2020

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