Heidi Selenius är utbildad speciallärare och docent i specialpedagogik. Hon har disputerat i psykologi med avhandlingen Dyslexia and risk of future violence in forensic psychiatric patients. Heidi har bland annat lett ett forskningsprojekt på särskilda ungdomshem med syftet att pröva en datoriserad läsmetod för att främja avkodning bland placerade ungdomar. Hennes forskning handlar främst om att främja läs- och skrivförmåga bland barn, unga och vuxna.
Heidi har främst undervisat i specialpedagogik på lärarprogrammen. För närvarande är hon kursansvarig för följande fristående kurser
- Delaktighet och lärande för barn, ungdomar och vuxna med ADHD-symtom (7.5 hp)
- Vetenskaplig metod inom specialpedagogisk forskning (15 hp)
- Självständigt arbete för masterexamen i specialpedagogik (15 hp)
- Självständigt arbete för masterexamen i specialpedagogik (30 hp)
I urval från Stockholms universitets publikationsdatabas
Decoding intervention for L2 students in Sweden: A single-subject design study
2023. Helén Egerhag (et al.). Reading in a Foreign Language 35 (2), 247-269Artikel
Many second language (L2) students in Sweden struggle with reading in Swedish. There needs to be more research on how L2 students with weak word decoding skills in Swedish could be individually supported. Therefore, the current study examined the impact of a systematic and intensive word decoding intervention in Swedish among individual L2 students identified as having a risk of reading difficulties in Grade 3. A multiple-baseline single-subject design study was conducted with three L2 students with Arabic or Dari as their first language. They were provided a word decoding intervention with Bravkod. All three students improved their decoding during the intervention phase. They decoded several words in a given time (NAP=0.96-1.00) and decreased their word decoding errors(NAP=0.91-0.98). The results are promising but should be replicated to be considered evidence-based and suitable for L2 students to improve their decoding in Swedish.
Promoting decoding among young students with Swedish as a first and second language within a response to intervention model
2023. Helén Egerhag (et al.). Journal of Childhood, Education & Society 4 (2), 176-192Artikel
Many young students with Swedish as their second language need support to acquire reading ability. There is a need for evidence-based reading instruction in early reading education for students with Swedish as their first or second language. Therefore, the current study investigated whether early reading education based on a Response to Intervention (RTI) model with a focus on decoding skills can promote reading ability among young students with Swedish as their first or second language. In Grades 1 and 2, 113 students with Swedish as a first and Swedish as a second language were followed. Applying the RTI model, teachers used evidence-based reading instruction in the whole class. Besides, additional instructions were provided in small groups and individually for students with weak decoding. Results of the study showed that the additional instruction provided within the RTI model had the potential to promote decoding, but to a different extent among students with Swedish as their second language. The importance of differentiated instruction, early monitoring and support, a bilingual approach in reading education for second language students, and collaboration between teachers are discussed.
Teachers’ experiences of promoting young students’ language development in inclusive settings
2023. Heidi Selenius, Linda Fälth. Journal of Childhood, Education & Society 4 (1), 1-15Artikel
Early education is essential in promoting language development for all young students. Teachers will meet 6-year-olds with various language skills in the preschool class in Sweden. They are expected to engage and involve all students in language education to promote each student’s language development. The study aimed to explore teachers’ experiences promoting language development among young students in inclusive settings. Semi-structured interviews were conducted with 17 teachers working with young students in the preschool class. All interviews were transcribed and analyzed with thematic analysis. Three themes were identified, representing the teachers’ knowledge of language development, the pedagogical approach to promoting language development, and students with special needs in oral and written language. The results are related to Shulman's (1986, 1987) framework on teachers’ competence in integrating content and pedagogical knowledge for successful teaching. Teachers in preschool classes might need education and in-service training to master young students' diverse language abilities and needs.
Examination of a multitiered RtI-model for identifying and supporting students at risk of reading difficulties in primary schools in Sweden
2023. Camilla Nilvius (et al.). Scandinavian Journal of Educational Research, 1-18Artikel
Some Swedish schools do not identify and support students with reading difficulties efficiently enough during the first years at school. A longitudinal design was used to examine a multitiered RtI-model for identifying and supporting students at risk of reading difficulties in a Swedish school context. The results demonstrated that the RtI-model could be successfully applied. The proportion of students in need of support (i.e., below the 25th percentile) was significantly reduced after two years. Compared to students in the reference group (n = 759), significantly fewer students in the RtI group (n = 113) scored below the 25th percentile in word and non-word decoding and reading comprehension in a short text at the end of Grade 2. The discussion highlights the RtI-model’s original ideas.
Promoting basic arithmetic competence in early school years–using a response to intervention model
2023. Helena Roos (et al.). Journal of Research in Special Educational Needs 23 (4), 313-322Artikel
This study investigated whether mathematics education based on a multi-tiered response to intervention (RTI) model can support students' arithmetic competence in primary schools in Sweden. The intent was to identify and support students at risk of failure. In this study, 113 students participated in the intervention, and 30 students participated in the control group. Both groups were followed from Grade 1 to the end of Grade 2 and compared. During the first semester in Grade 1, all students were taught basic addition and subtraction with explicit instructions in Tier 1. Those who did not respond to Tier 1 after one semester were provided support within Tier 2 during the second semester. The same was repeated in grade 2 and the students that did not respond to Tier 2 were supported within Tier 3. At the end of Grade 2, students in the intervention group performed significantly higher on the basic arithmetic competence in the number range 1–9 than the control group. No significant difference was found in a test measuring basic arithmetic competence in the number range 10–19. This study shows that using multi-tiered RTI might be sufficient to identify and support students at risk in early arithmetic competence.
A scoping review on the psychometric properties of the teacher efficacy for inclusive practices (TEIP) scale
2023. Heidi Selenius, Hanna Ginner Hau. Scandinavian Journal of Educational Research, 1-11Artikel
Teachers’ self-efficacy for inclusion is emphasized as necessary for enabling inclusive education. One instrument developed for measuring teacher self-efficacy for inclusion is the Teacher Efficacy for Inclusion Practice-scale (TEIP) (Sharma, U., Loreman, T., & Forlin, C. (2012). Measuring teacher efficacy to implement inclusive practices. Journal of Research in Special Educational Needs, 12(1), 12–21). The present study aimed to identify and summarize the empirical literature on structural validation and reliability of the TEIP scale. A scoping review of 15 peer-review articles was conducted. The three subscales found in the original TEIP scale were confirmed. However, there is support for two subscales. The TEIP is also reported to be a construct without multidimensional constructs of teacher-self efficacy. Although the items worked differently in different samples, the internal consistency was generally sufficient or good. Our findings indicate that the TEIP is not yet a scale fit for comparisons between populations and contexts, reflecting the multifaceted nature of the concept of both inclusion and teacher self-efficacy.
Exploring Swedish preschool teachers' perspectives on applying a self-reflection tool for improving inclusion in early childhood education and care
2023. Hanna Ginner Hau, Heidi Selenius, Eva Bjorck. Frontiers in Education 8Artikel
Introduction: In order to provide opportunities for high-quality early childhood education and care for each child, inclusive settings need to develop and sustain their potential to enable participation in terms of attendance and involvement for diverse groups of children. In 2015–2017, the European Agency for Special Needs and Inclusive Education completed a project on inclusive early childhood education, focusing on structures, processes, and outcomes that ensure a systemic approach to high-quality inclusive early childhood education. Within the project, a self-reflection tool for improving inclusion, the Inclusive Early Childhood Education Environment Self-Reflection Tool (ISRT), was developed. For purposes of future implementation of the ISRT, the present study focused on the teachers' perspective regarding the ISRT's potential to contribute to enabling all children's participation, defined as attending and being actively engaged in the activities in early childhood education and care. The specific aim was to explore Swedish preschool teachers' perceptions of the ISRT based on their experiences of applying the tool.
Methods: Twelve preschool teachers participated in semi-structured interviews about their experiences of applying the tool. The interviews were analyzed with a thematic analysis.
Results: The thematic analysis resulted in three main themes concerning the teachers' perception of (1) the construction of the ISRT, (2) the time required for using the tool, and (3) the tool's immediate relevance for practice. Each of these themes contained both negative and positive perceptions of the tool.
Discussion: Based on the negative and positive perceptions identified in the three main themes, future research and development of the ISRT in Swedish preschools are discussed. On a general level, the results are discussed in relation to the implementation of the ISRT in terms of acceptability, appropriateness, and feasibility.