Profiles

YBA

Ylva Brännström Almquist

Docent, studierektor grund- och avancerad nivå

View page in English
Arbetar vid Institutionen för folkhälsovetenskap
Telefon 08-674 79 69
E-post ylva.almquist@su.se
Besöksadress Sveavägen 160, Sveaplan
Rum A 534
Postadress Institutionen för folkhälsovetenskap 106 91 Stockholm

Om mig

Jag har arbetat på Institutionen för folkhälsovetenskap (tidigare Centre for Health Equity Studies, CHESS) sedan 2005. År 2011 försvarade jag min avhandling i sociologi och jag blev docent år 2014. Sedan 2018 är jag universitetslektor i folkhälsovetenskap.

Undervisning

Jag är studierektor (50 % av heltid) för våra utbildningar i folkhälsovetenskap på grundnivå och avancerad nivå. Utöver detta är jag kursansvarig för uppsatskursen inom vårt mastersprogram "Population health: Societal and individual perspectives", undervisar i kvantitativ metod samt handleder studenter på avancerad nivå och forskarnivå.

Forskning

Min forskning fokuserar i huvudsak på sambanden mellan sociala, ekonomiska och hälsomässiga indikatorer på ofärd och hur dessa utvecklas över individers livsförlopp. Jag är för närvarande en av de ansvariga för forskningsprogrammet "Reproduktion av ojämlikhet genom sammanflätade liv" (RELINK), vars syfte är att undersöka betydelsen av syskon och vänner för överföringen av ogynnsamma levnadsvillkor mellan generationer. Sedan 2014 leder jag styrgruppen för "The Stockholm Birth Cohort Study (SBC) och har varit ansvarig för att utvidga SBC till ett multigenerationellt datamaterial (SBC Multigen).    

Publikationer

I urval från Stockholms universitets publikationsdatabas
  • 2019. Ylva B Almquist (et al.). International Journal of Epidemiology
  • 2019. Evelina Landstedt, Ylva B. Almquist. BMC Psychiatry 19

    Background

    Past research has established the intergenerational patterning of mental health: children whose parents have mental health problems are more likely to present with similar problems themselves. However, there is limited knowledge about the extent to which factors related to the child’s own social context, such as peer relationships, matter for this patterning. The aim of the current study was to examine the role of childhood peer status positions for the association in mental health across two generations.

    Methods

    The data were drawn from a prospective cohort study of 14,608 children born in 1953, followed up until 2016, and their parents. Gender-specific logistic regression analysis was applied. Firstly, we examined the associations between parental mental health problems and childhood peer status, respectively, and the children’s mental health problems in adulthood. Secondly, the variation in the intergenerational patterning of mental health according to peer status position was investigated.

    Results

    The results showed that children whose parents had mental health problems were around twice as likely to present with mental health problems in adulthood. Moreover, lower peer status position in childhood was associated with increased odds of mental health problems. Higher peer status appeared to mitigate the intergenerational association in mental health problems among men. For women, a u-shaped was found, indicating that the association was stronger in both the lower and upper ends of the peer status hierarchy.

    Conclusions

    This study has shown that there is a clear patterning in mental health problems across generations, and that the child generation’s peer status positions matter for this patterning. The findings also point to the importance of addressing gender differences in these associations.

  • 2018. Ylva B Almquist (et al.). International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health 15 (9), 1842

    Disadvantaged circumstances in youth tend to translate into poor health development. However, the fact that this is not always the case has been seen as indicative of differential resilience. The current study highlights factors outside the context of the family with the potential to counteract the long-term negative influences of social and material adversity in adolescence on general health status. This study was based on two waves of questionnaire data from the Northern Swedish Cohort. From the wave in 1981 (age 16), indicators of social and material conditions as well as factors related to school, peers, and spare time were derived. From the wave in 2008 (age 43), information about self-rated health was used. Ordinal logistic regression models (n = 908) showed that adversity in youth was associated with poorer self-rated health in midlife among men and women alike, net of health status at baseline. However, having an advantaged situation with regard to school, peers, or spare time appeared to protect against the detrimental influences of disadvantaged circumstances in the family context on subsequent health. This suggests that health-promoting interventions may benefit from focusing on contexts outside the family in their effort to strengthen processes of resilience among disadvantaged youths.

  • Stefan Fors, Ylva B Almquist, Lars Brännström. Social Indicators Research

    The notion of coexisting disadvantages has been recognised in social welfare policy and welfare research, not least in the Nordic countries. The prevalence and patterning of coexisting disadvantages in society have far reaching implications for well-being, social policy, and social inequality. Using longitudinal register-based data for the years 1998‒2008 for all Swedish individuals born 1946‒1965 (n>2.4 million), this exploratory study maps out the occurrence of coexisting disadvantages in the Swedish working-age population, and examines to what extent observed prevalence rates are associated with sex, age, immigrant status, and marital status. Coexisting disadvantages are analysed in terms of four broad register-based indicators intended to capture individuals’ resources in key areas of the society: education, income, labour market, and mental health. The results show that while most individuals are not disadvantaged in these areas, coexisting disadvantages do occur and its prevalence varies according to sex, age, immigrant status, and marital status. This study shows that combinations of person-centred and variable-centred analyses of register-based indicators can play a part when developing effective systems for policy surveillance.

  • 2018. Ylva B Almquist (et al.).

    Background: Past research has consistently identified children with experience of out-of-home care (OHC) as a high-risk group for premature mortality. While many have argued that educational success is a key factor in reducing these individuals’ excessive death risks, the empirical evidence has hitherto been limited. The aim of the current study was therefore to examine the potentially mitigating role of educational success for the association between OHC experience and premature mortality.

    Methods: Drawing on a Stockholm cohort born in 1953 (n=15,117), we analysed the associations between placement in OHC (ages 0-12), school performance (ages 13, 16, and 19), and premature all-cause mortality (ages 20-56) by means of Cox and Laplace regression analysis.

    Results: The Cox regression models confirmed the increased risk of premature mortality among individuals with OHC experience. Unadjusted Laplace regression models showed that these children died more than a decade, based on median survival time, before their majority population peers. However, among individuals who performed well at school, i.e. scored above-average marks at age 16 (grade 9) and age 19 (grade 12), respectively, the risks of premature mortality did not significantly differ between the two groups.

    Conclusion: Educational success seems to mitigate the increased risks of premature death among children with experience of OHC.

Visa alla publikationer av Ylva Brännström Almquist vid Stockholms universitet

Senast uppdaterad: 5 december 2019

Bokmärk och dela Tipsa